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Positives and Negatives

An oligarchy is a form of government where power rests within a specific family or group. Military control over a government would be considered an oligarchy, as would a royal family having ruling powers.

Here are some of the pros and cons that are associated with this form of government.

List of Oligarchy Pros

1. Power is consolidated in the most experienced individuals.
The goal of an oligarchy is to ensure that the people who can make the best possible decisions have the power to do so at any given time. It is not efficient for a government to let every person have a say in every decision that must be made.

2. It allows people to be focused on what they do.
People can focus on pursuing their own goals within an oligarchy. Instead of needing to educate themselves on every issue that occurs to make an informed vote or choice, they can focus on a career, their family, or whatever else suits their fancy.

3. Innovation can thrive.
Because a delegated few are making the choices for the society, people can focus on innovation. That innovation may be directed toward the needs of the oligarchy first, but it is still a way to embrace personal creativity that other government forms may not offer.

List of Oligarchy Cons

1. Most are structured on wealth.
An oligarchy can be structured on virtually anything, but most governments that use this format focus on wealth. If you have lands, cash, or property, then you can be in the noble class. From there, you can influence the oligarchy. Everyone else manages with whatever they can earn.

2. It creates societal divisions.
Expertise can only grow if real experience is earned. Because the oligarchy is based on experts being in charge, their knowledge base is consolidated to their specific class to prevent “outsiders” from having any influence.

3. It decreases diversity.
Although people can pursue their own interests in an oligarchy, it is done at the expense of diversity. Every decision tends to come from a singular perspective, which creates stagnant growth, values, and even morals over time. If too much power is given to the oligarchy, it may even be able to fix prices, change supply and demand, or become abusive to certain classes of people.

An oligarchy often comes from systems of tyranny. As power consolidates around the few, less is given to the many. Good rulers can use this structure to the advantage of all. Poor rulers can cause harm with little societal response.

Painting is a hobby that many choose to follow. Some of history’s greatest masterpieces come from the art work. For many artists, oil paints were almost exclusively used because that was the only choice available to them.

Today is quite different. Artists have access to acrylics and watercolors as well. Oil paints require a certain level of skill to use them properly, but they can also create a palette that is versatile and realistic.

Here are some additional oil paint pros and cons to think about.

Pros of Oil Paints

1. You have more time to work on your art.
Oil paints take a long time to dry, even when drying agents are applied to the canvas. When working with this medium, you can set aside your hobby for a few hours and then come back to the painting. You could even wait until the next day to keep working on it, with the paint still pliable.

2. You can create realistic transitions. .
Because of the drying time involved with oil paints, you have more time to work on your color transitions. You have the opportunity to keep working on the subtle coloring shades and that allows you to alter or revise your concepts without starting over on the piece.

3. Your colors stay true to form. .
If you’ve used watercolors or acrylics in the past, then you’ve likely encountered the color shift that happens with them as they dry. Oil paints don’t have this issue. They stay true to their application.

Cons of Oil Paints

1. It requires a time commitment. .
You must prime your canvas for oil paint. You must have the patience to let the painting dry. You must maintain the integrity of your paint. Compared to other paint options, oil paints have a much larger time commitment.

2. It offers little in contrast. .
To create a crispness to a brush stroke, oil paints require a couple of days. Acrylics might require a couple of ours.

3. Oil paints still change color over time. .
Oil paintings tend to yellow as they age. It is a process that cannot be avoided, even if the painting is sealed. Using good binders can slow, but not stop, this process.

The challenge with oil paints is that each pigment can require a different drying time. They also tend to cost more. On the other hand, your vision for the painting is easier to reproduce using this medium.

What are the oil paint pros and cons you’ve discovered with your painting?

Object-oriented programming, or OOP, is a variety of languages that create instances of classes for objects. This helps to determine their type. Many of the programming languages that are in common use today support OOP to some degree. Here are the object-oriented programming pros and cons to consider.

What Are the Pros of OOP?

1. It allows for parallel development.
If you’re working with programming teams, then each can work independently of one another once the modular classes have been worked out. That allows for a relative level of parallel development that wouldn’t be available otherwise.

2. The modular classes are often reusable.
Once the modular classes have been created, they can often be used again in other applications or projects. At times, little-to-no modification is necessary for the next project as well. That gives a team more flexibility once they get beyond the initial start-up phase.

3. The coding is easier to maintain.
With OOP, because your coding base has been centralized, it is easier to create a maintainable procedure code. That makes it easier to keep your data accessible when it becomes necessary to perform an upgrade. This process also improves the security of the programming since high levels of validation are often required.

What Are the Cons of OOP?

1. It can be inefficient.
Object-oriented programming tends to use more CPU than alternative options. That can make it be an inefficient choice when there are technical limitations involved due to the size that it can end up being. Because of the duplication involved, the first-time coding can be more extensive than other options as well.

2. It can be too scalable.
If OOP is left to run out of control, then it can create a massive amount of bloated, unnecessary code. When that occurs, the overhead rises and that makes it difficult to keep costs down.

3. It can cause duplication.
OOP projects tend to be easier to design than implement. That is because of the modular classes are so flexible in their application. You may be able to get new projects up and running at a greater speed, but that comes at the cost of having projects sometimes feel like they’ve been cloned.

Object-oriented programming does require a steep learning curve, but it can also be an investment into future projects. By weighing the pros and cons, the initial cost can be weighed against future gains to determine if it is the correct approach to take.

The Obamacare also known as the Affordable Care Act signed into law in 2010 aimed to provide affordable health coverage to all Americans. It was meant to protect the people against insurance strategies used by insurance companies to restrict care or drive up costs. Here are the advantages and disadvantages of Obamacare.

The Pros of Obamacare

1. Many Americans Now Have Insurance Coverage.
Over 16 million people obtained a health insurance cover. A large percentage of these individuals were the young adults.

2. Made Health Care More Affordable.
Since insurance companies were now required to spend over 80% of the insurance premium on improvements and medical care, insurers were prevented from making unreasonable rate increments and instead cared more about their customers.

3. Limitless Care Time.
Prior to obamacare, most people especially those with chronic conditions ran out of care as the insurance companies had set time limit on how much money was to be spend on an individual.

4. More Screenings Are Done.
Obamacare covers many preventive and screening services. These normally have low deductibles or co-pays which is very handy to those who are proactive in their healthcare.

5. Lower Drug Costs.
Obamacare promised to make prescription drugs more affordable to many people especially the senior citizens who are unable to afford all their medications. The number of generic and prescription drugs covered by obamacare has been growing over the years. Savings on generic and prescription drugs was reported to be over $15 billion within the first 5 years of Obamacare.

The Cons of Obamacare

1. Increased Premium Costs.
Since the insurance companies are being forced to cover the costs of individuals with pre-existing conditions as well as provide a wide range of benefits, people are now being forced to pay higher premiums.

2. One Can Be Penalized In Case You Are Not Insured.
The aim of obamacare is to ensure people are insured all year round. Therefore if one is uninsured or doesn’t have an exemption, one is fined since it is considered that not having insurance means you are passing your costs onto others. The fine is expected to rise over time.

3. Signing Up Can Be Complicated.
Obamacare portal had numerous complications when it first launched. This made it very hard for people to sign up. Even though the problems were eventually solved, people still complained that the enrolling process was complicated as signing up for the right business and family coverage might be tricky.

Nuclear families are families made up of mother, father and children. It is thought to be the ideal family unit to raise children in. However, just like other kinds of families it has its pros and cons.

The Pros of Nuclear Family

1. Stability And Strength
A family with two parents whether married or not normally tend to be stable compared to families with a single parent or several generational parents. The partners or spouses can cultivate a caring, supportive and loving relationship in the children. This will in turn be helpful in the kids’ future as it will teach them to look for positive relationships as well as interact with others positively. Children raised in a nuclear family will also learn to be accommodative and considerate since they have seen how the mother and father work together to solve any problem, assign household duties and also be there for one another in good and in bad times.

2. More Opportunity
Since nuclear families tend to have financial stability, the kids have plenty of opportunities and luxuries in life. The children might be able to attend gymnastics, dance, music or any other type of class one wishes to. Children presented with these opportunities are likely to perform better socially and academically as well as develop time management skills and confidence.

3. Behavior Successes
Besides stability, a nuclear family provides the children with consistency. Kids with both consistency and stability are likely to behave positively, perform well in school and be more involved in extracurricular and community activities.

The Cons of Nuclear Family

1. Isolated
This kind of family isolates people from relationships and other relatives. It breaks down the extended family which is not good as relatives are beneficial especially in times of hardship.

2. Burnout
Due to the fact that sometimes it can be one partner working, the tendency of that spouse burning out is likely as he/she tries very hard to make sure everyone’s needs are met. For instance, the mother can be cook, babysitters, maid and a time breadwinner. This will leave her not time to pamper and nurture herself.

3. Less Conflict Handling Skills
While the idea of less stress and conflict could be an advantage to nuclear family it can also be a disadvantage. Conflicts are part of life and skills to resolving them are beneficial in every aspect. Since people within a nuclear family tend to develop similar thinking habits this could create a problem if the person was to interact with people outside their unit particularly those with differing ideas and opinions.

As of today, nuclear energy has been considered as one of the most environmental friendly energy source since it emits small amounts of greenhouse gases when producing electricity unlike the traditional sources such as coal. Here are the advantages and disadvantages of nuclear energy;

The Pros of Nuclear Energy

1. Low Pollution
Nuclear energy emits small amounts of green house gases. It has be said that the amount of greenhouse gases released has decreased by almost half since nuclear energy began to be used. Since it does not discharge gases such as carbon dioxide and methane which are the primary greenhouse gases, nuclear energy has the least impact on land, water and air.

2. Low Operational Costs
Nuclear power provides very inexpensive alternative electricity. First Uranium which is used as a fuel during the process is not costly. Second even though setting up the plant might be expensive, the cost of running and maintaining it is very low. The average life span of a nuclear plant is somewhere between 40-60 years depending on how often it is being used and how. When put together, these variables make the cost of producing electricity very low.

3. Reliable
It has been approximated that with the current consumption rate of uranium, there is still sufficient amounts left that can last for another 70-80 years from now. This indicates that with nuclear energy electricity will be there always. Moreover, unlike wind and solar energy that rely on weather patterns, nuclear energy has no such limits and can run continuously regardless of the weather patterns.

4. More Efficient
Nuclear energy is more proficient and compelling compared to other sources of energy. Besides having a high energy density the amount of fuel required for the process is less compared to what is required by the other forms of energy.

The Cons of Nuclear Energy

1. Environmental Degradation
Since uranium has to be mined and refined and also be transported to the plant nuclear energy represents a pollution hazard. Also because of the radioactive nature of uranium, once it is dumped in landfills they posse immediate danger to plants and animal life near those areas.

2. Uranium Is Limited
Just like the other sources of fuel such as petroleum and coal, uranium is also limited and rare and only found in very few countries. Also it is not only very expensive to mine and refine but also expensive to transport. Uranium also produces a substantial amount of waste during its mining, refining as well as in electricity production which results to environmental contamination and health complications if not properly handled.

For years the rational data base has been the dominating database management model. However, nowadays non-rational NoSQL or cloud databases are gaining popularity as the best database management alternative model. Here are the pros and cons of NoSQL.

List Of Pros of NoSQL

1. Flexible Scalability
Unlike rational database management model that is difficult to scale out when it come to commodity clusters NoSQL models make use of new nodes which makes them transparent for expansion. The model is designed to be used even with low cost hardwares. In this current world where outward scalability is replacing upwards scalability, NoSQL models are the better option.

2. Stores Massive Amounts Of Data
Given the fact that transaction rates are rising due to recognition, huge volumes of data need to be stored. While rational models have grown to meet this need it is illogical to use such models to store such large volumes of data. However these volumes can easily be handled by NoSQL models

3. Database Maintenance
The best rational models need the service of an expert to design, install and maintain. However, NoSQL models need much less expert management as it already has auto repair and data distribution capabilities, fewer administration and turning requirements as well as simplified data designs.

4. Economical
Rational models require expensive proprietary servers and storage systems whereas NoSQL models are easy and cheap to install. This means that more data can be processed and stored at a very minimal cost.

List Of Cons of NoSQL

1. Not Mature
Rational models have been around for some time now compared to NoSQL models and as a result they have grown to be more functional and stable systems over the years.

2. Less Support
Every business should be reassured that in case a key function in their database system fails, they will have unlimited competent support any time. All rational model vendors have gone the extra mile to provide this assurance and made it sure that their support is available 24 hours which is not a step yet guaranteed by NoSQL vendors.

3. Business Analytics And Intelligence
NoSQL models were created because of the modern-day web 2.0 web applications in mind. And because of this, most NoSQL features are focused to meeting these demands ignoring the demands of apps made without these characteristics hence end up offering fewer analytic features for normal web apps.

Any businesses looking to implement NoSQL model needs to do it with caution, remembering the above mentioned pros and cons they posse in contrast to their rational opposites.

Without a doubt, there is a tremendous debate in the current era regarding the freedom of access as it pertains to the internet. A lot of people are at odds with internet freedom, often known as net neutrality because the predominating discussion regarding free speech and access to the internet is a very polarizing discussion. Whereas many people assume that free speech is an absolute given right that everyone should enjoy, there are others that don’t think the rights and access to the internet should be as freely given. Regardless of the varying opinions, most people are well aware that having access to the internet for the long term is a good thing, but opponents on the other side of the aisle claim that unlimited internet access is by no means a good thing. Despite the arguments on both sides, there are considerable arguments to be had that favor both positions.

List of Pros of Net Neutrality

1. Freedom of Speech
As it pertains to freedom of speech, net neutrality ensures that it exists. Without a single entity controlling the discussion, it ensures that any man, woman, or child (who is old enough to responsibly post) has the option to let their opinion be known. This is very critical to keep in mind, because of people who assume that having this sort of unlimited access is perfectly fine. Net neutrality ensures that none of their speech can be censored, and in the event that it is censored, they can file a complaint with the relevant authorities and address any sort of wrongdoing that was done on the part of someone trying to censor them.

2. Competition and Free Market Ideals
In the spirit of free market idealism, net neutrality allows competitors to freely do whatever they wish in the internet marketplace. While some people disagree with the free market, the theory is that a free market will enable the best products and services to come out on top. This is very true for a lot of services that are often not as well known, but when they enter a competitive marketplace, they’re able to stand out and shine to their fullest extent. This is very true with a lot of journalistic organizations that provide alternative viewpoints. In an internet marketplace with net neutrality, their products and information can be disseminated to a wide audience with censure, ensuring that they can exist and promote more informational competitive in the communication marketplace.

3. Informational Integrity
With net neutrality, customers can rest assured that their private information will remain private. Whether it’s stored credit card data or social security numbers, net neutrality means it has to be treated just as sacred and important as any other sort of data.

List of Cons of Net Neutrality

1. Anything Goes
While net neutrality allows for freedom of speech, the downside is that almost anything can be posted to the internet. This means that the cruelest or insensitive information imaginable can end up on the internet, and as a result, it can cause a lot of problems from people that otherwise wouldn’t be prone to being under the microscope of criticism. This means that people can post cruel, intimidating, or other harassing messages and often get away with it thanks to free speech legislation. So it can be a very toxic environment for a lot of people to put up with.

2. Informational Exploitation
Without limits set on bandwidth, this means that individuals with very powerful computer technology or internet data allocation can absolutely dominate the marketplace. In other words, if you live in a neighborhood that is deregulated, this means that there is going to be a lot of battle over the sum bandwidth space. In the current marketplace, yes, people can enjoy the freedom of movement and the unrestricted ability to constantly download or share information. However, in other spaces, it means that there is going to be a lot more in terms of complicated information that is required to be disseminated. There are so many other bandwidth providers that otherwise wouldn’t be able to help them accomplish this, but by having net neutrality, it means that the free market can sometimes go unchecked. This is where smaller competitors will get wiped out, and while some people could theoretically argue that this is a good thing, it overall isn’t the best way to really market a product or a service effectively.

3. Handcuffs Bigger Markets
When it comes to the current status, bigger markets aren’t able to maximize their products. They’re handcuffed by the current laws that are in place, and until something changes, it’s unlikely that they’ll be able to become more competitive overnight.

Overall, this is a very complex debate with arguments on both sides, and regardless of what happens, for now, net neutrality is here to stay.

When it comes to modern geopolitics, one of the most important kinds of policies is the trade policy. This is something that controls whether or not countries are able to conduct trade with one another. It’s very important to keep this in mind because if you’re unable to do so, you’ll be completely lost as to why most countries operate economically the way they do. One of the most well-known and controversial trade policies is NAFTA. It stands for the North American Free Trade Agreement. it is a policy that was negotiated between the United States, Canada, and Mexico. And while there are a lot of things good with it, there are also some bad things about it as well.

List of Pros of NAFTA

1. Free Trade
As the name implies, there is a lot of free trade benefits that come from NAFTA. This means that rather than having to pay a lot of money for tariffs, people can conduct trade rather easily. This saves companies a lot of money where they would otherwise have to pay a lot in trade taxes. This is a primary benefit to this sort of trade, but rather than having to be subject to it, most people bypass and ignore it.

2. Cheap Labor
NAFTA means that it can save companies a lot of money because it allows jobs to be shipped overseas for fewer dollars. When the three countries in the agreement decide to trade with each other it means that there is a considerable benefit that they will all benefit from by being able to use one another’s labor resources without investing a lot of money. This means it benefits a lot of the corporations that exist in both countries.

List of Cons of NAFTA

1. Job Loss
As far as the cons, job loss is a big one and possibly the most controversial regarding NAFTA. A lot of workers domestically will lose jobs because it’s cheaper to ship them overseas. This means that if you’re a worker in the USA, your job could easily be shipped off to Mexico because it simply saves the company more money.

2. Security Breaches
NAFTA means that travel in between in the countries is not as restricted. While it sounds good on paper, it opens up all of the countries to security risks, which is one of the major concerns involving travel from the United States to Mexico.

One of the best ways to diversify one’s assets and become more financially independent is through investments. A lot of people do this through the stock market, but in recent years, more and more people are beginning to use alternative investments like mutual funds and the like. While there are other very popular options for investments, mutual funds are great because they enable people to manage their assets without managing them, if that makes any sense. In other words, unlike traditional stock or bond investments, a mutual fund is essentially a managed index fund that is very hands-off. So rather than being directly responsible for your investments, a third party will control all of the investments for you.

List of Pros of Mutual Funds

1. No Need to Manage Anything
When it comes to mutual funds, they’re great because there really isn’t a need for you to do anything other than sitting back and watching the money multiply. This makes it a great investment option for people looking to explore diversified income solutions. A lot of people aren’t a fan of sitting back and watching, but this is certainly a pro for mutual funds since most people have trouble managing investment strategies. Just let someone else do it for you with a mutual fund.

2. Tons of Options
One of the great things about mutual funds is their popularity. There are so many options to choose from, and if you don’t like the service you’re getting from one firm, no problem, just use a different one. This is what makes mutual funds phenomenal, especially for the novice investor. You can also control just how much risk you’re willing to take.

List of Cons of Mutual Funds

1. Little Reward
Unlike futures or stocks, there is very little reward for mutual funds. While you should obviously have a diverse portfolio, these are not the choice for someone looking to make a bang with their investment strategies. Sure, you may not lose a lot of money, but you can’t make a lot of money either. So if you’re interested in something juicier, a mutual fund might not be the choice for you.

2. Hard to Move Money
Mutual funds are also very hard to pull money out of rapidly. So if you decide to pull the trigger on an investment, prepare for that money to be stuck there for a long time to come.