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Crystal Lombardo - Chief Editor

Crystal is the chief editor of the Green Garage Blog. She has been the lead editor of several major blogs throughout her impressive career. Please go here to send her a message.

Silgranit sinks are manufactured from a composite which contains 80% granite and a m ix of ceramics, an acrylic matrix, and pigmentation. It is then cast in a single pouring to give it strength. That changes the nature of the stone, making the product more of a low-maintenance option for busy households. This material is currently manufactured by The BLANCO Group, who is the largest manufacturer of sinks in Germany.

There are seven exclusive patents for Silgranit sink products, which makes it the only material of its type used for sinks. The properties have been awarded three neutral quality certificates as well.

If you’re thinking about a new sink for your home, then here are the pros and cons of choosing a Silgranit sink to meet your needs.

List of the Pros of a Silgranit Sink

1. It provides your kitchen with a heat-resistant surface which is usable.
Silgranit sinks are designed to be heat-resistant up to a temperature of 280 degrees Celsius. That means you can set baking dishes from the oven directly on the sink without worrying about causing damage to it. If your pot of boiling water goes crazy and hits the surface, there are no worries about discoloration or permanent water spots. Despite what other websites may say, there is not a cracking issue with this surface.

2. It resists chipping and scratching under normal wear-and-tear situations.
Even though Silgranit is a composite material, it is still as hard as the stone products that are used for similar sinks and countertops. That makes it naturally resistant to cutting and scratching activities which occur around the sink. It will also resist normal impacts or blows that are caused by falling objects without causing the sink to chip or crack.

It is perfectly safe to use for food and is a completely hygienic option for the sink.

3. It is very easy to clean a Silgranit sink.
When you see stains, traces of food, or other debris elements on a Silgranit sink, they can be removed with a little water and a simple scouring pad. Stubborn marks can be removed by using standard commercial cleaning products. If you have a stain that still won’t let go, you can use a little mineral oil and one of those metal scrubbing soap bars to take care of the situation. Even as the sink ages, you’ll find that this element of care makes life in the kitchen very simple, especially when compared to surfaces that offer more porosity.

4. It is a very lightweight option for the kitchen or bathroom.
If you’re thinking about an undersink mount for the kitchen, then Silgranit is a viable option to consider. It is lighter than your standard granite or cast-iron sink, which makes it suitable for this design option. You can install it with any standard mount as well to create the look and feel that you want. The product even feels softer to the touch than you might expect, which makes it an enjoyable experience to work around.

5. There are a variety of colors from which to choose.
The BLANCO Group offers eight different color options from which to choose when you want to change the look in your kitchen. Each of these colors works with the current design trends that are being used around the world, helping you to create a space that you’ll love for years to come. It is an easy way to help your sink blend in with your stone or granite countertops at a fraction of the price or weight of a traditional product. Silgranit sinks can even serve as a statement piece for your home.

Unlike traditional granite, a Silgranit sink offers color consistency throughout the product. That’s a definite advantage for those who don’t want the natural variations of color provided y natural stone products in their kitchen.

6. It is a product which is naturally tough.
You can chop your vegetables on the surface of your Silgranit sink if you wish. It can be placed in full sunlight without causing the color to fade. Because it is finished with an epoxy resin, you don’t need to worry about sealing the sink to prevent stains. It is naturally resistant to many of the hazards that you’ll find in the kitchen. You’ll even be able to work with alkaline or acidic products without worry when you have one of these sinks installed in your home.

7. You still receive the natural stone character of granite with the sink.
Although the granite is powdered to create the look and feel of a Silgranit sink, you still receive many of the characteristics of the stone with this colored composite sink. The material properties are well-suited for most kitchens, making it an ideal addition for any look. It features a superior level of durability without requiring you to spend hours during the week ensuring the sink stays clean. It is 100% suitable for food use.

8. Composite granite is cheaper to purchase than real granite.
Although there are cheaper sink options available to homeowners today than Silgranit or other composite granite materials, it will usually cost less than a natural granite sink. Authentic granite doesn’t provide the same quality benefits as Silgranit with an entry-level price of $500 on most product lines. Most granite sinks cost at least $1,000, with some priced beyond $5,000. If you don’t like the idea of a stainless-steel sink, choosing Silgranit is an affordable compromise between the other options.

9. It is easier to care for a composite granite sink.
Because the granite powder is sealed with resins, you don’t have the same cleaning issues with a Silgranit sink as you would a more traditional surface. Although granite usually needs just soap and water, much like Silgranit, it does not hold up well to acidic materials – even if all you are doing is preparing food on the surface. There is not the same threat of spills leaking into the surface as there is with traditional granite products.

List of the Cons of a Silgranit Sink

1. A BLANCO group sink performed poorly in Consumer Reports testing.
Composite sinks aren’t included in many of the tests published by Consumer Reports on sinks because there can be inconsistencies in the product. In a 2012 report, this comment was made. “The two [composite granite sinks] recently reviewed by Consumer Reports didn’t look like granite. They didn’t feel like granite. And they didn’t even look like each other.”

During the test that occurred in 2012, the BLANCO 441258 sink cracked severely during a blunt-impact test to the point of becoming unusable. A 5-pound weight was dropped on the sink to simulate a heavy pot dropping on it.

It should be noted that The BLANCO Group does provide a lifetime warranty on the product if it fails under normal use conditions.

2. Pots and pans can leave marks in the sink.
When you have a Silgranit sink installed, you may find that pots and pans leave dark streaks or marks on the composite material. The BLANCO Group states that this issue occurs because “Silgranit is very hard and extremely wear resistant.” Rubbing metal on the surface causes the marks to show up on a sink with light colors. You can remove most marks by using a scouring sponge and some water, but there is always the risk that some damage may occur.

3. Limescale deposits are difficult to remove on a Silgranit sink.
Although this composite surface repels surface stains, it is somewhat susceptible to limescale deposits. Those deposits are able to absorb liquid stains which can reduce the aesthetic appeal of the product. To remove the stained limescale, you must use acetic acid, a commercial washing detergent, or a manufacturer product and water of 60 degrees Celsius. Then you must soak the stain overnight, or a minimum of 3 to 4 hours, to get rid of it.

4. There is a lack of overall diversity within the product line.
Although there are several color variations available with today’s Silgranit sinks, there are about 20 different shapes from which to choose when designing your kitchen. When compared to other manufacturers, there is a lot less diversity in choice, limiting your design options. If you already have a counter installed and your specs for the undermount sink are inflexible, then you may struggle to find something that will meet your need with this material.

5. You’re going to spend more on a Silgranit sink.
The two primary options for an undermount sink are either stainless steel or Silgranit because of the weight tolerances involved. If you purchase a basic sink from The BLANCO Group, then you can expect to pay about $350 for the product if you plan to install it yourself. That’s about $150 more for a comparable stainless-steel sink that you could purchase from a local store, such as The Home Depot. Some stainless sinks are priced as low as $50.

Although stainless-steel sinks may be susceptible to rust or stains, the cost difference for the initial purchase may be too much of a benefit to overlook for some households.

6. The warranty for the sink only covers the cost of the product.
If you had a professional install your sink for you and the materials break because of a lack of quality or poor craftsmanship, then the lifetime warranty will only cover the cost of the sink itself. You must cover the cost of the additional removal and secondary installation charges if a problem is encountered. Even if you’re receiving a neighborhood discount on the labor, the cost of the extra work can start adding up in a hurry.

7. Silgranit can be damaged by harsh chemical contacts.
You must follow all the suggestions provided by The BLANCO Group with your Silgranit sink to ensure the quality of the installation remains. There are some harsh chemicals which could damage the sink, which means your instructions may limit the liquids you can pour into the product.

8. It can be unforgiving to your dishes and glasses.
Although the feel of Silgranit is soft, don’t let your senses fool you. This granite composite material is stronger and less forgiving than other materials if you experience an accidental drop of your dishes or glasses. Even small drops are enough to cause chipping or cracks, so take care when loading the sink up to wash your dishes or prepare the dishwasher. If you have fine glassware at home, you may want to keep it out of this sink under an abundance of caution.

9. Being heat-resistant doesn’t mean that it withstands all high-temperature items.
Silgranit sinks provide natural heat resistance in the kitchen for temperatures up to 536 degrees Fahrenheit. That does cover most cooking issues that you will have in the kitchen. Most, however, does not mean “all” scenarios can be handled by this granite composite. If you set something that is too hot on this surface, you’ll discover heat blemishes form on it. That occurs because the resins started to melt under the heat.

10. It will still scratch under the right conditions.
Although the scratch-resistance provided by Silgranit sinks is rated as one of the best in the industry today, there are still scenarios where scratching could take place. You should still use a cutting board any time you are working around the sink to prevent accidental damage. Certain dishes or flatware may cause damage if they are left in the sink and jostled about. Under regular wear-and-tear conditions, it should be fine. During unusual circumstances, however, you might need to implement a repair.

11. At the end of the day, it isn’t the real thing.
If you’re on a budget and want something which offers stone-like characteristics, then Silgranit is a top choice to think about. It is also essential to remember that it isn’t a 100% stone product. Although other people might not realize that, you will. For some households, that can become a bothersome fact over time.

These Silgranit sink pros and cons continue to evolve as the manufacturer continues to revise the composite materials to make them stronger. The Silgranit II sinks are far superior to the original line that was introduced almost a full decade ago. If you’re looking for a unique look and want an undermount option, this material could provide you with your exact needs. Be careful with impacts to ensure your sink can perform as it should for years to come.

Dekton is a blend of raw materials used to produce porcelain, glass, and quartz work surfaces. It utilizes a process referred to as Sinterized Particle Technology, which accelerates the metamorphic changes which occur to natural stone. Instead of spending thousands of years under high pressure and temperatures, this high-tech option creates a synthetic replica that can be used to create an amazing countertop.

The manufacturer of Dekton is Consentino North America. Lorenzo Marquez, the Vice President of Marketing for the company, described the material like this to Consumer Reports. “I would describe it as a hybrid of the best materials in the market for surfacing. It’s a new product category. There are similar products from an aesthetic since, but nothing like it from composition.”

“The look and feel is unique,” said Marquez.

If you’re thinking about giving your kitchen a new look, or you’re working on building a new home, then here are the pros and cons of Dekton countertops to review.

List of the Pros of Dekton Countertops

1. It offers a high UV resistance once installed.
Dekton countertops are very resistant to ultraviolet light. They do not experience the same issues with color fading that other materials in the kitchen encounter. It doesn’t degrade with use either, which makes it suitable for indoor or outdoor installations. If you want your kitchen countertops to look just as good 10 years from now as they do when they’re first installed, this is a material you’ll want to consider.

2. Dekton offers homes a surface that is scratch-resistant.
Countertops often take a nick or two from knives over the years. That’s the nature of baking and cooking on a regular basis in your home. When you encounter a slip of the knife with other surfaces, you might damage your countertop. A different outcome occurs when you have Dekton installed in your kitchen. Although cutting boards are still recommended with this material, the scratch resistance it offers protects against accidental damage caused by your common household utensils.

3. It offers a strong resistance to stains.
Dekton isn’t just stain-resistant; it is stain proof. Even if you spill coffee or wine on the countertop, the unique nature of its zero-porosity design stops a stain before it starts. The material contains zero resins, which makes is a chemical-resistant surface as well. Even if you accidentally drip bleach on your new countertops, the surface can withstand the potential harm to keep looking like it was newly installed. It even resists rust and markers, making it the perfect go-to material for a remodel or new construction project.

4. Dekton is also heat- and fire-resistant.
You can place a hot pot or pan on your Dekton countertops without worrying that the surface will be damaged. Even the heat from a Crock Pot won’t affect the surface once it is properly installed. The unique nature of this product is that it doesn’t crack, scorch, or burn when exposed to high temperatures. That means your kitchen becomes more versatile when you have this surface available to you.

5. It is resistant to abrasion.
When compared to granite countertops, Dekton provides a superior resistance to abrasion. The manufacturer suggests that this makes this material an option for high-traffic areas, commercial applications, and even flooring. As a surface, it never needs to be re-finished or re-surfaced because of its anti-wear capabilities. When used as a countertop, you don’t need to worry about sealing the countertops either. Once installed, it does a good job standing on its own.

6. Dekton offers resistance to thawing and ice.
Another unique property associated with this synthetic material is its low co-efficiency rating. It does not expand or contract during temperature changes like other materials do. That means you can install this material in outdoor kitchens where other materials wouldn’t be well-suited. Dekton offers a natural resistance to the cold, including ice, which allows you to enjoy your new counters, whatever the weather happens to be. It offers a consistent dimensional stability.

7. It offers a high level of mechanical resistance.
Compared to a granite countertop, Dekton offers a product with five times the flex strength. That means you can install it as a thinner material over a larger span in your kitchen. Up to 12 inches of unsupported overhang are possible with this product, giving you more options for islands, bartops, or other kitchen elements. With its high compressive strength, you will find that it creates surfaces that are versatile, meeting almost any need you may have for an indoor or outdoor kitchen.

8. Multiple color options are available for Dekton countertops.
You have a wide variety of options from which to choose if you like the idea of owning a Dekton countertop. Many of the looks replicate what granite or marble accomplish for the modern kitchen. It is possible to achieve a comparable look for about half the price of what it would be to install a premium product in the modern kitchen. That kind of versatility makes it easier for more homeowners to create the kitchen of their dreams, no matter what their budget might be.

List of the Cons of Dekton Countertops

1. It cracked under standard testing procedures from Consumer Reports.
Consumer Reports tested Dekton for the first time in 2015 to determine its strength, durability and resistance factors. It scored very well in tests for stains, heat, cutting, and chopping. It was also rated “very good” for its resistance to abrasion. When the impact tests were run, however, the material didn’t stand up well when compared to other materials.

Pieces of the edges chipped off of the countertops that were tested. When a weighted object was dropped onto the surface from height, simulating a heavy pot falling a distance from 2 feet from above the counter, the Dekton cracked into two pieces that were at the manufacturer’s recommended thickness.

It was the only material tested by Consumer Reports which cracked in such a way.

2. Dekton must be professionally installed.
If you attempt to install a Dekton countertop on your own, then you will void the 25-year warranty which is associated with the product. The only possible exception to this would be if you work as a professional contractor, marble manufacturer, or countertop installer. For the warranty to apply, you must be able to provide proof of purchase for the materials. You must also register for the warranty within 60 days of purchase.

Because Cosentino does not participate in the manufacturing or installation process, damage which occurs from these activities are not covered by the warranty. You are able to transfer the warranty to a new owner if you sell your home.

3. It may be affordable, but it isn’t the cheapest option on the market today.
If you’re thinking about a Dekton countertop, then you’re facing a price range of about $75 to $100 per square foot. Despite the material being marketed as an affordable alternative, that only applies to marble, granite, and some stainless-steel countertops.

You can purchase Formica or plastic laminate countertops for as little as $20 per square foot installed. Corian countertops top out at the $65 range, while travertine, soapstone, silestone, and recycled glass are competitively priced with Dekton.

4. Dekton is available from specialty retailers only.
The only exception to this rule is The Home Depot, where you can find Dekton available exclusively from a chain retail standpoint. Although the materials are supported by a licensed and insured fabricator network that is background-checked, the only way to see how the materials look in your home is to purchase a $10 sample from your local store. You’re limited to three 4-inch by 4-inch tiles per order of the color that you want.

The Home Depot does provide a credit for samples when you bring in your receipt to purchase a Dekton countertop later. Unless you have a specialty installer in your community, this is your only option in the United States for this surface option.

5. It is up to you to verify the installer is certified to work with Dekton.
If you decide to purchase Dekton countertops for your kitchen, then you must verify that the installer is qualified to work with the product. Choosing an installer that is not certified may void your warranty, even though they might be a professional installer. Although you don’t need to seal the countertop, if you use tiles for your kitchen instead, then the joints must still be sealed 24 hours after laying the tiles.

You must use a rubber trowel when working with Dekton countertop tiles. If the mortar is not properly removed, the shine of the material can be reduced, which would become a warranty violation because Consentino doesn’t cover installation issues.

These Dekton countertop pros and cons indicate two potential issues to consider before installation: (1) will there be heavy items that could fall onto the surface; and (2) does it meet your budgetary expectations. If you can avoid impacts on the surface, or if you use a thicker product, then the other traits of this material are strongly worth considering. Should that not be the case, a different material might make a better option for your new kitchen counters.

Parole is an early release scheme that is incorporated into many justice systems around the world. The goal of this scheme is to allow low-risk prisoners a chance to be integrated back into the community.
Here are the pros and cons of parole systems to consider.

List of the Pros of Parole

1. It reduces prison and jail populations.
To qualify for parole, prisoners must be classified as low-risk through good behavior. Releasing them early reduces overpopulation concerns at local facilities while providing a chance to start a new life.

2. It reduces taxpayer expenses.
The cost of parole supervision is significantly less than the cost of incarceration. In some geographic areas, it costs 10 times more to incarcerate someone than to supervise them while out on parole.

3. It rewards those who are willing to work for it.
Parole is not handed out to every prisoner. Only those who have earned their way to an early release are able to take advantage of this system. Those without good behavior are kept in prison to serve out the length of their terms.

List of the Cons of Parole

1. It allows criminals to start committing crime again.
The biggest disadvantage of parole is that it lets criminals begin their activities sooner than they would be able to do otherwise. There is always the risk that a released prisoner will become a repeat offender. About 20% of people on parole return to prison.

2. It can be difficult to find work on parole.
There are a number of chronic issues which face people on parole. From unemployment to homelessness, some people may resort to committing a crime just because being in jail was more comfortable for them.

3. It can have some people slip through the cracks.
Not everyone likes to live next to someone who is out on parole. There are plenty of people in the system who are working towards a better life. There is also a prevalent fear in many neighborhoods that they might have that one person who gamed the system and could hurt them one day.

In the United States, parole has been authorized since 1925. It is an element of the criminal justice that must be personally applied to be effective. These pros and cons of parole look more at the system as a whole than how it applies to individuals.

PEX manifold systems, along with PEX plastic piping, create several potential advantages for homeowners, contractors, and remodelers compared to the standard rigid plumbing system designs of previous generations. Although this method of water distribution is relatively new for residential projects, the home-building industry has come to accept this type of setup as a best practice.

Under the typical system, the manifolds will serve as the control centers for the plumbing in the building. Cold or hot water is then delivered through the flexible PEX supply lines, creating connections to the individual fixtures in the home or building. That means each fixture goes straight to the manifold instead of a trunk line.

Separate manifold chambers are used to serve the cold and hot water lines. The cold line is served by the primary supply to the building, whereas the hot line is fed from the water heater or tankless system.

If you’re thinking about a remodeling project at home or your work involves new construction, then here are some of the PEX manifold system pros and cons to evaluate.

List of the Pros of a PEX Manifold System

1. PEX plumbing can expand without bursting.
If you install the flexible PEX tubing in your home (a requirement if you’re using the PEX manifold system in most situations), then there is a greater resiliency built into the system for changing temperatures. The tubing used can expand by up to 15% without bursting. If the water freezes in your pipes, the expansion caused by the action makes it resistant to damage during the winter months.

2. You can turn off the water at a central location.
When you’re trying to work on a specific fixture, you may find it necessary to turn off the supply before it enters your plumbing system. That drains your plumbing, which can lead to odor, sediment, and other problems when you restore water access.

When you use a PEX manifold system, you’re able to turn off the supply from a central location. That means you can work on your fixture by turning off the specific manifold that runs tubing to the unit. You’re no longer forced to restrict water access for extended periods to the entire home.

3. It is a scalable system that is appropriate for most buildings.
Although the PEX manifold system is often promoted as a residential option, you can install them in commercial buildings as well. Just count the number of fixtures that will be used, or the location of your cold and hot water supplies. Make sure outdoor fixtures and automatic units, such as an ice maker, are included in the calculation. Then install the manifold at each location, ensuring there are enough ports available to adequately support every fixture. That gives you a water distribution method that is often more efficient than the traditional systems which are still being used in many of today’s structures.

4. All standard supply line sizes are accepted by the PEX manifold system.
The plumbing manifolds associated with this system will accept all common supply line sizes. You can even use 3/8-inch supply lines with this system. Because PEX provides flexible tubing, it can be bent in ways that traditional plumbing options cannot. That means you need fewer fittings for this system when compared to rigid piping, reducing the amount of time required to install the system.

Most homes experience fewer pressure drops when accessing water through their PEX manifold system as well.

5. PEX piping provides better insulation for your water compared to rigid piping.
Most homes and buildings are equipped with copper plumbing pipes. This system creates a rigid network of water delivery that is reliable, but not always energy-efficient. The flexible piping that is used with PEX manifold systems insulates the hot water better, which means you see fewer losses at the fixture. Adding rings or loops to the system provides a further increase of this benefit.

6. PEX manifold systems are less susceptible to rust.
Because you’re not using metal components with the water distribution system, a PEX manifold system is not as susceptible to corrosion as a standard system. You’re using non-metallic pipes that will reduce micro-biological buildups, scaling issues, and rust. That means your water quality remains consistent as the system ages, allowing you to have confidence in the supply at every fixture of the home.

7. You have access to a long-term warranty with PEX products.
PEX offers a limited 25-year warranty on their pipes and fittings. For the PEX manifold systems and accessories, there is a 10-year warranty which applies. If non-PEX items are used in conjunction with the systems, the warranty may be limited to 5 years or less in some situations. For the terms of the warranty to apply, you may be required to have the PEX products installed by an authorized party. That means if you’re planning to DIY the project, your warranty may either be extremely limited in nature or not protect you at all.

Most PEX systems are expected to last anywhere between 25 to 50 years when they are properly installed.

8. There are many cost advantages to consider with PEX.
If cost is your primary concern when dealing with the installation of your plumbing, then PEX will be a top choice. The cost of installing the pipes and manifold systems is about 25% of the what it takes to install copper pipes or other rigid systems. When you look at the cost of replacing an entire home or building with this technology, the savings can be tremendous.

9. PEX pipes are color-coded for added convenience.
There are three colors of pipe available when you install a PEX system in your home or building: red, white, and blue. Although that makes the system sound patriotic, the colors match the temperature of the source water when installing it with the manifold system. Red pipes are for hot water, blue pipes are for cold, and white pipes are meant for either. That’s a handy feature for installers when comparing it to the older rigid networks that feature copper pipes.

10. Installation is much easier than it is for copper pipes.
If you’re installing a copper plumbing system, then you’re forced to sweat the metal to create a proper connection. When you’re using a PEX manifold system and corresponding flexible tubes, you can install the items using crimp rings, cinch rings, or cinch clamps. Stab-in fittings or compression fittings are also suitable with this technology. Not only does this make the PEX system easier to install, the initial work is also less toxic.

11. It is approved for installation in most communities.
PEX plumbing products are approved for installation across the United States. At the national level, it has been deemed to be just as safe (if not safer) than standard copper and brass networks.

12. PEX manifold systems require a smaller installation profile.
The installation of a PEX network is very fast. You can thread it through your walls without even cutting out large sections of drywall to do it. Each connection at the manifold can be visually inspected to ensure you have safe water access. You have better precision with your measurements using this type of system and can run it through a smaller installation profile. Even if you opt for a DIY installation, you’ll discover that several companies support this type of system with connectors, accessories, and specialty adapters.

List of the Cons of a PEX Manifold System

1. You can’t get around the fact that you’re using plastic piping.
If you install a PEX manifold system and using the flexible plumbing options with it, then your network becomes more susceptible to pests than a traditional copper system. Mice and rats can do a lot of damage to PEX systems quickly, and you’re unable to know that there is something wrong until it may be too late. Although the cost of PEX systems is less than standard copper systems, some homes may see higher maintenance costs over the long run.

Some homes have used poisons to get rid of the pests that were chewing through their plumbing types. Evidence suggests that using poison causes the pests to become thirsty, so they seek out a water source. Rats can hear the water running through the PEX pipes, which means the poison can make your leaks worse since you’re encouraging the rats to chew through the piping.

2. Some PEX systems may be vulnerable to specific contaminants.
Because PEX systems are based on plastic piping technologies, they may be vulnerable to some contaminants when they are placed in soil. Any pesticides, benzene, or oils that are in the dirt that is around the tubing may leach into the water supply for the building. To prevent this issue, California requires that all PEX systems be wrapped in an impermeable sleeve if the system uses underground pipes to deliver potable water.

3. Chemicals from the plastic may leach into the water as well.
During the first uses of PEX piping through the manifold system network, there may be chemicals that leach from the plastics into the water that is meant for drinking. This creates the potential hazard of having contaminated water for household use. To prevent this issue, the entire system must be flushed a minimum of twice over the course of 7 days to prevent any accidental chemical contamination exposure.

4. You cannot expose your PEX manifold system to sunlight.
The plastics used for PEX systems cannot be exposed to sunlight whatsoever. The product quickly degrades under the exposure of direct light from the sun. This issue is so problematic that the State of California requires contracts to have PEX systems carry a 30-day UV protective coating on all installations.

Even if your manifold system installation goes smoothly, if the tubing is compromised from sunlight exposure, the quality of your plumbing system severely diminishes.

5. PEX manifold systems may not be permitted under local building codes.
Even though PEX tubing is approved for all major model plumbing codes and primary building codes at the national level in the United States, it is not approved by specific local codes in places around the world. California was one of the primary holdouts for using this technology, only approving the tubing in the last few years.

Before starting your project, make sure to contact the local authorities in your jurisdiction to ensure that you can use a PEX manifold system in your building. If you’re not sure who to contact, then try speaking with a trusted licensed and bonded plumber.

6. PEX pipes are sensitive to chlorine exposure.
Many municipalities use chlorine as a disinfectant for the water supply. Its presence helps to remove biologics which may be potentially dangerous when consuming potable water. Although the PEX manifold system is durable, the piping used to connect the system to each fixture is vulnerable to chlorine in the water. You may need to install a filter that removes the chlorine from the supply before water enters the plumbing system of your home.

Some evidence suggests that PEX may be susceptible to copper ions also. To deal with this issue, the temperature rating of the water must be followed at all times, without exception.

7. It removes zinc from brass fittings when they are used.
If the zinc content in a brass fitting is too high, then PEX systems will cause corrosion to the extent that a failure occurs. That means there is a higher risk of leaks or a breach that could occur in a pressurized line. When working with a PEX manifold system, you should always use low-zinc brass fittings if you do not want to use the components that are made from engineered plastic to finalize the installation.

8. There are three types of PEX that can be used, which can be confusing to some homeowners.
There are three types of PEX, which are appropriately called A, B, and C. Type B PEX is the only known formulation which does not cause leaching concerns once it is installed. If you’re installing the system on your own, your homeowner’s insurance carrier might ask you what type of PEX you installed with your manifold system. Then make sure that you’re giving attention to the temperature and strength ratings of the type you’ve installed for best results. If you think Type A was installed, but it was really Type C, that could create some user issues over time.

9. It can be punctured easier than copper or metal pipes.
Since PEX plumbing is plastic, it is vulnerable to future punctures from a nail or a screw. You can shield the tubing that runs between the fixtures and manifold station to prevent this issue. If you approach a wall with a saw, however, then you’re facing a greater risk of a devastating leak when compared to other products.

These PEX manifold pros and cons suggest that plumbing technologies are ready for an upgrade. Although copper systems have served their purpose over the years to provide safe access to potable water, flexible PEX tubing provides a similar result for a fraction of the cost. Although there are no long-term studies to determine the safety of this product, it is approved for use in all major building codes through standards ASTM F876 and F877.

The underdrive pulley is one of the most common ways to improve the output of an engine. It reduces the draw of the engine’s accessories by slowing them down. That reduces the amount of horsepower being used. The gains achieved can be as much as 15 horsepower at the wheels, though the actual results depending about the make and model of the vehicle, as well as the engine involved.

Underdrive pullies refer to either an accessory pulley, such as the water pump, alternator, or power steering of the vehicle or the crankshaft. Although there are many benefits to the underdrive pulley design, there are certain disadvantages to consider when a poorly engineered design is implemented.

That’s why the pros and cons of an underdrive pulley must be taken under consideration if you are building or fixing your own vehicle or kit.

A note on the pros and cons listed below: every vehicle is different. The experiences of an underdrive pulley, including its advantages and disadvantages, are applied to individual vehicles only. Some owners suspect their UD pulley was responsible for certain issues without evidence. The same can be said about those who suggest using this upgrade for benefits.

Although Ford Mustangs receive specific guidance on using underdrive pulleys, other street car makes and models treat the upgrade as an after-market option. That means you could void certain warranties under specific conditions.

Proceed with caution when taking any mechanical advice from the internet.

List of the Pros of an Underdrive Pulley

1. The gains offered by this technology add to vehicle acceleration.
When you’re able to increase the diameter of accessory pullies on your vehicle, then you decrease the revolutions per minute required of the underdrive. That process cuts down on the drag demanded by each component. It is through this process that horsepower gains are achieved. There are noticeable acceleration gains to be found if you can replace the stock air conditioning, alternator, water pump, and power steering assist with this technology.

2. You will reduce the amount of belt wear experienced during operation.
When you use an underdrive pulley, then you’ll reduce the amount of belt wear your vehicle generated. That process improves because the belt makes less contact with the pulley guides. When you have fewer rotations occurring during operations, there are fewer contact points for the belts to encounter wear and tear. It is possible to extend the life of the belt past the recommended specifications of the manufacturer because weathering, flexibility, and durability risks are all reduced.

3. There is less component wear to worry about also.
Some underdrive pullies turn 30% less than other versions of this technology. That means you have less wear and tear happening on your sealed bearings and the bushings for your vehicle. When properly engineered, you can extend the life of your seats and races as well. Your accessory bearings for the alternator, power steering pump, and the air conditioning unit see the best results with this change.

4. It increases torque because it reduces drag.
The underdrive pulley was introduced as a way to reduce fatigue on the water pump, alternator, and steering mechanism of the vehicle as it raced around a track. Too much stress on these components on a standard belt-driven system could cause them to fail prematurely, which would cause the driver and team to lose the race. With the pullies in place, you’re able to reduce the drag on these components because you’re slowing the output achieved through the system before it reaches each accessory.

5. The cost of underdrive pulleys is relatively low compared to the gains received.
You can install an underdrive pulley on your vehicle in less than an hour. They create power on virtually any system you have, even though the biggest enthusiasts tend to own Ford Mustangs. Most are priced for less than $200. You’ll find some underdrive pulley kits are even priced below $100.

Even if you factor in another $200 in labor to install it, you’ll find that there aren’t many options to provide better power efficiencies at a dollar-for-dollar rate than the underdrive pulley.

6. You can fix overheating issues with coolant additives.
If you find that your underdrive pulley is causing your engine to run hotter than you’d like, then a coolant additive may resolve the situation for you. American Muscle recommends using RP Purple Ice or Mishmoto Liquid Chill to resolve the situation. For most owners, this will be the fastest and cheapest way to resolve the situation. If that doesn’t work, you can still resolve the issue with a radiator or water pump upgrade to handle a higher capacity.

7. For many owners, there is no downside to the installation of underdrive pulleys.
In most situations, owners are swapping pulleys and that is it. They receive improved responsiveness from the vehicle, along with a little extra power to enjoy. For automatics that do encounter issues, most of the problems tend to be minor. The vehicle may struggle when in idle, which is a situation that can be rectified by revving the engine a little to prevent voltage levels from dropping too dramatically.

8. There is excellent durability available with this type of system.
Most owners who have upgraded to an underdrive pulley have experienced benefits for 50,000 miles – and some even more than that. Although there is a general consensus that battery issues may occur if you idle your vehicle at city driving speeds for an extended time, most vehicles will experience a benefit with this modification.

List of the Cons of an Underdrive Pulley

1. It may not spin the vehicle accessories fast enough.
When an underdrive pulley is poorly designed, there may be several unwanted side effects experienced during driving. It may not spin the alternator fast enough, which can lead to premature battery death, even while driving. It may offer a weak air conditioning experience, if the system even works at all. There may be issues with the power steering assistance, especially when operating the vehicle at a low RPM.

2. There is a power reduction issue which must be considered.
When you have belt-driven components, then you are given a buffer zone for your performance parameters that includes additional output capacities. Some may even go beyond the maximum specs which are listed for the item. If you upgrade to an underdrive pulley, however, then all your components will run simultaneously. That creates a voltage drop in your charging system that reduces overall power access.

You might find that your headlights are not as bright as they used to be. Your engine’s electrical system might not receive the correct voltage to fire the spark plugs. In severe situations, it would impact driver safety when using the vehicle.

3. There are cooling issues associated with underdrive pullies.
Let’s say that you replace the water pump pulley with an underdrive pulley. Now let’s add the hypothetical issue that your cooling system has a leak or a clog. Because the system is now operating at a lower speed, you’ll have less coolant running through your pipes to reach your engine. That may result in a higher normal operating temperature for your engine. If the unit is oversized too much, you could experience an overheating issue.

4. It may affect the performance of your after-market additions.
If you made modifications to your vehicle that are designed for high-performance situations, then your after-market efforts may not work properly when you upgrade to an underdrive pulley. As with the other issues noted above, there isn’t the same voltage levels available across the system when you make the change. You are trading performance for availability, which means your speakers, amplifiers, and turbo chargers wouldn’t be able to run properly.

In severe instances, the addition of after-market electric fuel pumps or cooling fans have been impacted by the change to underdrive pullies, which affected the core functionality of the vehicle to be used.

5. It isn’t something that benefits the average vehicle.
If you’re thinking about an underdrive pulley, then it should be for performance reasons on a vehicle capable of the upgrade. Although it is a technology which has been around for 60+ years, it didn’t become popular until the 1980s. Before then, it was almost always used in race cars only. For the average vehicle, if you have a serpentine belt, then you’re already good to go with your vehicle setup.

For street car owners who want a small boost in performance, then the underdrive pulley is an option. Even then, what you’re doing is maximizing the horsepower at the rear wheels more than anything. It might be fairer to say that you experience fewer HP losses with this system instead of experiencing a “gain” with it.

6. Underdrive pulleys work best with a manual transmission.
Because an underdrive pulley diverts HP that would be wasted from accessory to drive your crank faster, you create more power that is usable. As you know, every time you get a little something, then you must also give a little something in return. When you have an automatic transmission, you’ll find that the drastic issues found in these disadvantages are more prevalent compared to a manual transmission.

You can avoid many of these issues by not operating your headlights and air conditioning system simultaneously. Some vehicles, however, require further upgrades to resolve the issue. You may need to run a secondary battery, install a capacitor for an upgraded stereo, and upgrade the alternator.

7. You may need a new serpentine belt installed after the upgrade.
One of the costs that isn’t incorporated into an underdrive pulley project is the need for a new serpentine belt. You must measure for the new belt once the work is done. Have all the pulleys you plan to run installed on your vehicle. Then take a string to run the route of each pulley. When your string meets the starting point, make your mark and measure the distance. Then you’ll need to have the belt installed. This process may add another $200 or so to the final project.

8. It may cause harmonic issues with specific vehicles.
On some vehicles, you may find that the presence of an underdrive pulley creates more vibration within the vehicle. There have been harmonic issues associated with ASP underdrive pulleys that have resulted in broken timing chains. Although many vehicles can have this issue countered with the installation of a damper, that is not a guarantee. Every car responds differently to the upgrade, so make sure you pay attention to any unusual symptoms that creep up.

9. It may create a deformation of your crankshaft.
Some vehicle owners believe that their crankshaft is large and strong enough to be rigid and inflexible. That simply isn’t the case. On some makes and models, the installation of underdrive pulleys can create twists, bends, and flexes in the crankshaft that are similar to what you could do with a rubber band. Although each movement is small, there can be significant impacts on the overall performance of the engine.

10. There are fatigue failures associated with underdrive pulleys.
With repeated bending and twisting, metals eventually experience fatigue failure. Think about what happens when you bend a metal paper clip back and forth enough times. It will eventually break. The same thing can occur to a vehicle after it receives an underdrive pulley upgrade. You may create an imbalance of the reciprocating or rotating parts. It is possible to create vibrations within the individual forces to create lateral oscillation. Even with a harmonic dampener in place, the effect may be strong enough to create ongoing issues.

The pros and cons of underdrive pullies requires you to look at your current setup first. If you’ve already made upgrades, especially to your A/C system, power steering, or your alternator, then there may not be enough voltage to go around for everything to work properly. It is possible to see performance upgrades if this is the first step you take, but it could see decreases if the system is not properly engineered. That is why this option should never be a rushed decision.

One of the modern conveniences of home life is a washer and dryer for laundry. You can load up some clothes, a little detergent, and quickly clean what you wear. Then the dryer makes it possible to wear something that smells great and is dry within an hour or two of starting the process. Everything is done automatically.

If you’re thinking about a washer and dryer for your home, then you have a decision to make. Today there are ventless dryers which perform the same function as the vented model. Instead of connecting a hose from the back of the dryer to an escape point outside of the home, you just plug the dryer in and let it get to work.

Here are the pros and cons to consider in the ventless vs vented dryer debate.

List of the Pros of Ventless vs Vented Dryers

1. Ventless dryers recycle the hot air they produce.
If your home lacks a venting option, then a ventless dryer is your best choice to do laundry at home. When hot air is created inside the dryer, it is recycled. That means it isn’t constantly heating the air to dry your clothing since the appliance isn’t pushing that energy outside through the final vent.

There are two ways that the heated air is recycled. With a condenser dryer, the air goes back to the condenser to be cooled, then reheated. Water collecting from the clothing then drains through a tube or into a container that must be maintained. You could also use a heat pump dryer that keeps the air warm the entire time.

2. You can install a ventless dryer almost anywhere.
Almost all ventless dryers are electrically powered. As long as your circuit can support the amperage that the appliance draws, you can place the unit almost anywhere in your home. That gives you a convenient way to work on your laundry chores each week. The traditional vented dryer can be electrically powered, but some are gas-powered, which means you must have a vent available to expel the carbon monoxide that is present in the environment.

3. Your lint cleaning days are over with a ventless dryer.
When you own a ventless dryer, it is much easier to maintain the unit. You don’t need to worry about removing the lint from the trap after every load to ensure your air flow rates continue uninterrupted. There’s no need to clean out the vent from the dryer either, which means you naturally reduce the fire risks associated with doing your laundry indoors. A ventless dryer provides an excellent low-maintenance option for those who want to stop worrying about keeping their appliances in a healthy condition.

4. Ventless dryers are more efficient.
You’ll use less energy with a ventless dryer compared to the standard vented model. With a heat pump dryer, the air used to dry your clothes is always warm because it is recycled, which reduces the power requirements needed to constantly warm up cold air. Although some models may take longer to dry your clothes than a high-powered vented model, you’ll find that the utility cost savings of a ventless model can add up over the lifetime of the unit.

High-efficiency ventless models can save anywhere between $10 to $50 per year over vented models on the annual cost-to-run ratings.

5. Your clothes are treated better in a ventless dryer.
Because a ventless dryer tends to use a smaller chamber and a lower heat setting than vented models, your clothing makes it through the laundry with less stretching, shrinking, or other quality issues. If you find that your clothes don’t fit well after a couple of cycles through the laundry, then shifting to a ventless model could reduce your clothing expenses over time.

Your clothing can also last longer when using a ventless model at home, which reduces the need to purchase new items because your older shirts and pants are wearing out quickly.

6. There are fewer installation steps associated with a ventless dryer.
A ventless dryer requires zero ventilation setup. That means you don’t need to worry about finding the right size of vent hosing to use in your home. Ventless models come with three-prong and four-prong power cords, which can be swapped out when you move if needed to ensure your appliance always works.

Although condenser dryers do draw air from the outside room to create the drying mechanism, heat pump dryers even remove this element. That means you can position your appliance, plug it in, and then turn it on to use.

7. You eliminate the cost of installing an outside vent in your home.
If you don’t have a dryer vent installed in your home already, you must add the cost of this job to what you’d pay for a vented model. If you vent to the out to the side of your home, expect to pay at least $400 for that service, with some areas paying $600 or more. Venting through your roof can cost as much as $1,200. Once you start considering those rates and the cost of the vented dryer, it might be cheaper to purchase the ventless model instead.

8. Ventless dryers distribute less heat to the surrounding environment.
Have you ever touched a vented dryer that was operating? Did it feel warm to the touch? The heat generation capacity of a vented dryer distributes additional heat throughout the home. On a winter day, that might feel nice. In the summer, however, it can turn your laundry room into a sweltering pit of doom.

If you purchase a heat pump dryer, then you’ll have a model which offers double the efficiency of a condenser dryer and up to 5 times more than a vented model. You’ll also have less heat coming into the room with you, which makes it more comfortable to work on your laundry chore.

9. Many ventless models offer a comparable drying time.
If you run a regular vented dryer at home, the typical drying cycle will be 60 minutes. Throwing in a dry towel with a wet load can decrease that time for you. Upgrading to a ventless condensing dryer extends your average drying cycle to 75 minutes. It is the heat pump dryer that extends your laundry time dramatically, with the average cycle taking at least 105 minutes to complete.

List of the Cons of Ventless vs Vented Dryers

1. The capacity of a ventless dryer is much less than a vented dryer.
If you have a large family (5+ people), then a vented dryer will help you get through your laundry chores faster. The average ventless dryer will require three full loads compared to a vented dryer’s two full loads. If your laundry needs mean that you do 12 loads of laundry per week, a ventless dryer will have you working at least 3 more hours on this chore each week – and that’s assuming the ventless dryer is able to dry with the same speed as the vented model with each load.

2. Many ventless dryers operate on a low-heat setting.
If you must dry your clothing or dryer-compatible belongings quickly, then a vented appliance will always be your best choice. For the average ventless model, their high-heat setting is comparable to the low-heat setting offered by the traditional setup. When looking at this issue from a time-based perspective, you could double the time it takes to get through your laundry each week. If it takes you 10 hours to get through all your laundry, budget at least 20 hours if you upgrade to a ventless model.

3. Ventless dryers cost more than vented dryers.
The upfront capital expense is another consideration to look at when comparing ventless vs. vented dryers. If you were to purchase an entry-level ventless dryer with basic features, you’ll find that condenser models are your best price. These dryers have a starting price around $900 in most markets. If you want a ventless heat-pump dryer, then expect to pay an initial cost of $1,700 or more.

If you purchase a standard vented dryer with basic features, you’ll find large-capacity models from Amana and Kenmore available for $350 to $400. You can even purchase top-loading models with advanced drying features for less than the basic cost of a ventless model.

4. You must still maintain certain ventless dryers on a regular basis.
If you opt for the cheaper condenser ventless dryer, then you’re going to replace the lint trap cleaning with water tank emptying. Many of the entry-level models put the moisture into a tank which you must empty regularly to ensure the appliance operates as it should. Some models do have a hose connection which is usable, though that requires you to have access to a drain in the laundry room for best results.

5. Ventless dryers tend to be noisier than their vented counterparts.
If you live in a home with paper-thin walls, you will notice the difference between a ventless dryer and a vented model. Most ventless dryers, especially the ones with a heat pump, are some of the loudest appliances in the industry today. Although you save time and money since the ventilation setup isn’t required and the utility costs are lower, some homes may find it difficult to have a conversation while the dryer is running.

Since many heat pump models take longer to dry clothes when compared to a vented model, that means you’re listening to the sound of the appliance for a longer time with each load too.

6. It may not be an option for some living situations.
Although ventilation is not a requirement for ventless dryers, most models do have a requirement that ample airflow is accessible to the appliance. In homes with limited room, even a vented dryer may not be the best option. You may find that with limited space, a stackable washer/dryer combination is your best option. Many of those units tend to require ventilation to work correctly.

7. Ventless dryers add more humidity to the laundry room.
If your home is in a high-moisture environment (think coastal locations like Seattle), then a ventless dryer produces enough humidity that it may promote the accumulation of mold and mildew inside the laundry room. Vented dryers may be inconvenient in many ways, but because its hot air is pumped through an exterior vent, you have fewer humidity issues to contend with inside the home.

For many families, the pros and cons of ventless vs. vented dryers involves the initial cost of the unit. Many budgets struggle to justify the cost of a dryer that comes at a higher cost than their refrigerator. Because ventless dryers do save money on clothing and utility costs over time, however, the initial cost difference can be made up over time, especially with larger families. That is why a ventless dryer is a good choice if you can afford the initial expense.

If you love having a smart dog around your home, then a Norwegian Elkhound is the perfect pet for you. They are one of the most intelligent breeds that are available today. Originating from Scandinavia, the breed is an old Spitz-type dog that is dominant, energetic, and extremely wily.

It is also critical to know that even though there is “hound” in the name of the breed, the Norwegian Elkhound is not a true hound breed. Their name in the native language literally means “Moose Dog.”

If you’re thinking about bringing a Norwegian Elkhound into your home, then here are some of the pros and cons to consider with this breed.

List of the Pros of a Norwegian Elkhound

1. They are a fearless breed.
When you own a Norwegian Elkhound, then you have a dog that is willing to go anywhere with you. They love to try new experiences. Although they are perfectly satisfied to hang out at home to protect their domain, you’ll see more tail-wagging joy when you take a walk down a nature trail. These dogs do not like to be stuck in the same routine. They love the outdoors and seem at their happiest whenever they get to be brave.

2. Norwegian Elkhounds have excellent sight.
These dogs can spot the smallest details in the shadows, whether you’re taking them hunting in the woods or letting them spot squirrels in the backyard. They react quickly when something is spotted, either to retrieve or protect, depending on what the circumstances happen to be. For some families, that is why they make an excellent guard dog. This breed will be the first to spot someone or something lurking outside, then they move fast to ensure that their family is protected from harm.

3. They have superb hearing.
The senses of the Norwegian Elkhound are highly developed. They can hear targets which are several miles away, thanks to multiple generations of work developing hunting skills. If there is any type of prey that you’re hunting, this breed will find it. Although they were trained to hunt moose, then elk, owners can hunt rabbits, badgers, foxes, birds, deer, and anything else you might be authorized to hunt.

4. Norwegian Elkhounds are very energetic.
This breed takes charge of a situation because they always want to be on the move. Their independence is one of their greatest attributes, offering them the energy required to go anywhere or do anything. They know how to communicate with their owners or other hunters to let you know that what you’re hunting is around. You will find them running off in the pursuit of any idea, then coming back when you need them. They were initially bred to accept a nomadic way of life, and those traits are still part of the physical attributes of the breed.

5. This breed is extremely loyal to their family.
You will struggle to find a dog that is more loyal than the Norwegian Elkhound. Even though their stubbornness is marked as a disadvantage for the breed, that personality trait is also why they are so loyal. They enjoy close family bonding moments, lots of attention, and daily opportunities for playing. This breed is dedicated to their home, willing to protect it at all costs. Elkhounds understand their value, embrace their strength, and expect to be rewarded when a job is done well.

6. They are a very people-friendly breed of dog.
Because Norwegian Elkhounds are active dogs, they need to expend their energy every day. If you keep them inside, you’ll find this breed can become a little belligerent or disrespectful. Give them time outside to run and play, then you’ll have a dog that is ready to snuggle up with you as you’re relaxing for the evening.

7. Norwegian Elkhounds never back down from a fight.
Their bravery extends to all dimensions. When exploring how dedicated this breed is to the hunt, some dogs have crashed through plate glass to attack their prey. They won’t back down from a bull elk, barking loudly enough to encourage an attack so that hunters can find the correct location. If intruders are coming into their home, no treat is going to stop this breed from doing its job. They alert their masters whenever trouble is near with a voice that echoes loudly, wherever it happens to be.

8. There are multiple coat color options from which to choose.
Most purebred Norwegian Elkhounds grow into a coat that is either black and gray or black and silver. Some dogs develop a reverse trend, where there is more silver or gray than black in their fur. There are some who develop a coat that is tri-color too, incorporating white or gray with the silver and black tones.

If you find an Elkhound with a coat that is all black, then it is from a separate breed. There are no other varieties of the Norwegian Elkhound, but some people do call this breed “gray” to distinguish them from the all-black breed.

9. They do not grow to be very large dogs.
The average height for a fully-grown Norwegian Elkhound is about 20 inches for males, with female dogs about an inch less. Full-grown males may weigh up to 60 pounds, even when they are active every day. Full-grown females weigh about 10 pounds less. Some breeders might say that they have a miniature Elkhound, but it is not an official designation. Smaller members of this breed are either still puppies, the runt of the litter, or a hybrid dog.

List of the Cons of a Norwegian Elkhound

1. This breed does not do well with other pets.
If you have other dogs at home already, a Norwegian Elkhound will usually fit right in with the pack. You might see aggressive tendencies at first because this breed prefers to be in the Alpha position. Once everyone settles into their new role, you’ll have peace at home again. With cats, however, it is a different story.

This breed loves to chase cats, and they will treat them as prey when they are caught. Unless you get your Norwegian Elkhound as a new puppy, it should be in a cat-free home. They will also chase and kill other small pets, such as guinea pigs and rabbits.

2. They are not a hypoallergenic breed.
Because of their initial breeding location, the Norwegian Elkhound goes through two full coat cycles each year. They have a summer coat and a winter coat. That means shedding is a major issue in homes that own this breed. You can temper this issue a little with daily grooming, especially when the new coat is growing in. For those with allergies to dogs, this breed should not be considered as an option. They are shedding constantly.

3. Norwegian Elkhounds need a lot of room to run.
Apartment living is not the right option for this breed. You wouldn’t be able to take your Norwegian Elkhound on enough walks to expel their energy. That would likely lead to destructive behaviors in the home, guaranteeing that you’d lose your security deposit when it was time to move. This breed requires a large yard and wide-open spaces to enjoy time to run. They prefer their own space over a dog park. If you have public lands nearby where you could let the dog run, that would be a great option to consider.

4. This breed can jump very high.
Even though the Norwegian Elkhound doesn’t look like much of a jumper, their muscular frame allows them to achieve considerable airtime. You cannot keep this breed contained with a standard six-foot fence. Even an eight-foot fence can be conquered with adult members of this breed.

To properly contain a Norwegian Elkhound, you must either have a ten-foot fence at minimum or use an interior overhang on the fence which prevents them from being able to jump over it. If you put this breed into a standard dog run that doesn’t have a roof, they’ll figure out a way to be free in no time at all.

5. They love to bark loudly and often.
Norwegian Elkhounds are very conversational. You’ll find them ready for a chat at all hours of the day. They will also communicate to you when hunting to let you know when something is near. In rural locations, this concern isn’t much of an issue. If you live in an urban or suburban home, however, you will find that their loud, boisterous bark will eventually annoy your neighbors. They will let you know that something is needed from you, then not stop until you provide them with what is wanted.

6. Norwegian Elkhounds can be difficult to train.
When you bring a dog from this breed home, you must work to have some buy-in with obedience and training. If a Norwegian Elkhound doesn’t want to do something, you’re not going to be able to force them to learn. They are dedicated to who they are and what they know. You must be consistent, patient, and offer meaningful rewards to get the attention of the dog.

Unlike other breeds, the Norwegian Elkhound doesn’t care if you get impatient or angry. They prefer to do things their way. That level of stubbornness is frustrating for dog owners who are used to the compliance of other breeds.

7. This breed loves to go exploring.
What makes the Norwegian Elkhound unique as a breed is its desire for total independence. Your dog will never be happier than the days when you have them off-leash, exploring the woods as you fulfill your hunting tags. Don’t be surprised if your dog runs off on its own, refusing to listen to your commands to return. They follow their natural instincts, conserving their strength for the moments when they need to be up for battle. If you want a dog who will always be by your side, then this is not the breed for you.

8. They never back down.
Although this can be a positive trait, it can be a negative one as well under specific circumstances. If a Norwegian Elkhound identifies someone or something as a potential intruder, its natural instincts kick into high gear. It will attack other dogs, pets, or people who stray onto your property if there is even the smallest thought that harm could come to their family. Once the decision is made, they don’t back down from the fight they’ve initiated.

These Norwegian Elkhound pros and cons take a look at what is required to form a successful relationship with this breed. They are high energy dogs who demand a lot of attention. Their intelligence is one of their best assets, but it also contributes to higher levels of stubbornness which could be problematic for some owners. Evaluate each key point to determine if this breed might be the best option for your home today.

A parliamentary system of government creates a democratic state where the executive branch of government becomes legitimate through its ability to command the legislative branch. The head of government becomes the leader of the party or majority coalition.

Here are the pros and cons of using this system of government.

List of the Pros of a Parliamentary System

1. It offers checks and balances.
Each branch of government in a parliamentary system is governed by a system of checks and balances. That reduces the chances of one branch being able to overpower others when pursuing legislation.

2. It supports a diverse range of opinions.
A true majority within a parliamentary system is rare. That is because anyone can form their own political party to run for office. That means smaller parties tend to work together to form a coalition, which supports more opinions than a standard party platform would.

3. It allows for an election to be called.
Elections can be called within a parliamentary system by the people or those who were elected. That makes it easier for the people to call for a change if they feel like their elected officials are not performing as they should be.

List of the Cons of a Parliamentary System

1. It reduces the voice of minority parties.
Although anyone can form a political party, the large, established political parties have the most influence in a parliamentary system. Unless a coalition is necessary, those with large parties tend to ignore the needs of the smaller parties.

2. It reduces separation from the executive branch.
The executive branch is directly influenced by the legislative branch in this system of government. That means people may vote for the party because of who they think will be the leader of the country instead of who they think will be the best candidate.

3. It does not change royal influences.
A parliamentary system is often overseen by a monarch or royal figure. They may have zero control or ultimate control over the legislation passed by the government. This position is not influenced by the elections which are held.

A parliamentary system provides unique advantages and disadvantages to consider as a form of government. Its benefits often outweigh the negatives, which is why it is one of the most common government structures used today.

A parliamentary democracy is a government structure which allows for elected officials to form a government based on a majority or coalition. The group which forms the government then appoints the leader, which is usually a Chancellor or Prime Minster.Here are the pros and cons of this government structure to consider.

List of the Pros of a Parliamentary Democracy

1. It encourages cooperation.
Multiple parties are represented in a parliamentary democracy instead of 2-3 major parties. That requires elected officials to cooperate with one another, which often reduces the amount of political gridlock experienced throughout a legislative year.

2. It encourages diversity.
In a parliamentary democracy, most political parties run on localized platforms instead of a national platform. That gives communities a better chance to have their concerns represented within their government.

3. It encourages individuality.
In the United States, if you want to be elected to political office, you almost always need to be a Republican or Democrat. Since 1877, there have only been 112 third-party representatives in the U.S. Congress and only 7 are from the Modern era. In a parliamentary democracy, anyone can form their own political party and become immediately competitive.

4. It encourages frequent elections.
A parliamentary democracy has the authority to hold elections whenever there is a need to do so. There isn’t a waiting period to vote for changes, like other democratic structures sometimes require.

List of the Cons of a Parliamentary Democracy

1. It encourages inconsistency.
When the leader of the majority party or coalition falls out of favor, he or she can be quickly replaced with a simple vote. Frequent elections may cause changes in the government which lead to inconsistent legislation as well.

2. It encourages lower levels of direct representation.
The need to form a coalition to create a government often reduces the influence of local concerns. Elected officials may be forced to compromise on their stance to be included with the majority.

3. It encourages a suppression of the minority.
If a minority party is not included with the ruling coalition, then their influence on legislation is minimal. The majority can call for votes without consulting any of the minority parties.

The pros and cons of a parliamentary democracy give voters a voice while promoting legislative stability. It also reduces the influence of small communities and political platforms at the expense of the majority, which may not represent their needs.

If you are following the Paleo diet, then you can eat anything that a hunter-gatherer would have eaten in the ancient days. That means regionally-based vegetables, seeds, leafy greens, fruits, and certain animal proteins.

That also means no candy, no cereal, and no pasta.

Here are the pros and cons of following the Paleo diet.

List of the Pros of the Paleo Diet

1. It reduces the number of consumed preservatives.
Following the Paleo diet means eliminating many boxed and bagged foods. You’re eating more produce and organically-sourced meat products. That limits the number of preservatives and additives in your diet.

2. It can stop feelings of hunger.
Boredom snacking is a major contributor to obesity in some individuals. Following the Paleo diet reduces feelings of hunger, thanks to its higher levels of fat and protein, which can reduce personal caloric intake.

3. It may offer anti-inflammatory benefits.
Many of the produce items, nuts, and oils that are allowed on the Paleo diet have anti-inflammatory benefits. Limiting inflammation in the body can help to reduce the risks of future health problems, including cancer, for some individuals.

4. It can resolve iron deficiency issues.
More red meat is typically consumed when following the Paleo diet than on other diets. That means more iron is usually part of the nutritional profile for an individual, which can reduce or eliminate a deficiency concern.

List of the Cons of the Paleo Diet

1. It isn’t cheap.
Purchasing fresh foods will always be more expensive than purchasing pre-packaged foods. Some individuals following the Paleo diet may see their grocery bill double, if not triple, depending on their previous food habits.

2. Whole grains are limited.
One of the primary sources of energy people receive comes from whole grains. Since many of today’s grains do not qualify for the Paleo diet, many people find that their energy levels are lower when following it.

3. It is difficult for vegetarians to follow.
Although our ancestors may have been primarily vegetarians, they did do some hunting. People who are vegetarians struggle with the Paleo diet because legumes, one of the primary sources of protein for vegetarians, is excluded from the plan.

These Paleo diet pros and cons show us that this eating guideline is not right for everyone. Always follow a dietary plan that supports all of your health needs. Before starting any new diet, it is also important to discuss what you are thinking about with your doctor.