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Crystal Lombardo - Chief Editor

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Crystal is the chief editor of the Green Garage Blog. She has been the lead editor of several major blogs throughout her impressive career. Please go here to send her a message.

Superchargers and turbochargers both offer a performance benefit to your engine. Both options are forced induction systems, which mean they force air into the engine of your vehicle. When more air is present, then higher levels of power creation become possible because of the design. These two options have several similarities and differences to consider, starting with the fact that you can boost power by up to 50% with either one.

The supercharger bolts to your engine, connecting to it with a belt between itself and your crankshaft. When the engine of the vehicle spins, the supercharger also moves to force air into the engine. The amount of air you can pull depends on the size of the pulley involved. Small pulleys make the unit spin faster, which gives you an extra boost.

Turbochargers function in a way that is similar to a supercharger, but with one key exception. Its design includes an exhaust housing instead of a pulley. It runs off the gases produced from the vehicular exhaust. Those gases cause the turbine to spin, forcing air into the engine through the compressor.

Here are the crucial supercharger vs. turbocharger pros and cons to review.

List of the Supercharger vs. Turbocharger Pros

1. There are more smog-legal options with a supercharger.
Superchargers do not impact the exhaust system of a vehicle like a turbocharger does. That means there aren’t nearly as many modifications or alternations to smog generation. You can still have a blow-off valve and an intercooler with a supercharger, but you won’t have the wastegate that the turbocharger typically requires. That means a vehicle with a supercharger equipped is more likely to pass a smog test, reducing the expense of controlling emissions that turbochargers create. That keeps this option budget-friendly.

2. Superchargers require less maintenance than turbochargers.
There are several reasons to like a turbocharger, especially since it is more of a back-end system than a front-end option. You’re using exhaust to force more air, creating a sound that is intensely cool. That setup also requires added maintenance costs to your vehicle upkeep which aren’t necessary if you decide to use a supercharger instead.

The cost difference in maintenance is like taking your car in for an oil change versus having a complete transmission rebuild occur. The complexities of the turbocharger make it an expensive option.

3. Superchargers offer a lower spinning rate.
The average supercharger rotates at 15,000 rotations per minute (RPM), delivering their boost at a much lower rate than the 50,000 RPM offered by some turbochargers. Because superchargers operate well at the lower spinning speeds, you have better performance throughout the entire acceleration profile of the vehicle. Turbochargers tend to work better when you use them at higher engine speeds. That means you receive more reliability when installing a supercharger vs. the installation of a turbocharger for your engine.

4. The supercharger operates at cooler temperatures.
Both superchargers and turbochargers compress air as they force it into the engine. Whenever you do that to air, you’ll increase its temperature. Both products have the fuel/air charge become a primary limiting factor in the final performance profile. If you get them too hot, detonation of your mixture with a spark ignition engine creates damage. Compared to the turbocharger, you’ll find that superchargers tend to operate at a cooler temperature, giving you more options for use on custom setups where you must tailor a specific performance profile.

5. There is no lag involved when you choose a supercharger.
Because the supercharger is connected to the crankshaft with a pulley system, the benefits of performance it offers occur immediately. There’s no need to wait for the engine to produce exhaust to encourage an increased intake of air for improvements. The power delivery is always immediate when you choose the supercharger vs. the turbocharger because of the connection to the crankshaft. That’s why anyone wanting a specific response at any time when handling their vehicle should choose this option first.

6. Superchargers offer better lubrication options.
The design of a supercharger today often includes a self-contained system which features automatic lubrication. That design reduces the impact of the higher temperatures on the vehicle, reducing the number of oil changes which are necessary to limit the impact of wear. You’ll discover that oil deterioration occurs less rapidly when using a supercharger compared to the times when a turbocharger is used on the same engine.

7. A supercharger doesn’t require after-cooling.
The heating issues created by compressed air require after-cooling when using a turbocharger because of its exhaust-use design. You must lower the discharge temperatures from the turbocharger to receive the higher performance levels you want. Forcing hot air into the engine reduces the amount of power achieved. Superchargers work on the front end of the system, compressing new air into the engine instead of exhaust, which means the power requirements for after-cooling are not required at all.

That design offsets some of the power loss experienced by the requirement to attach the supercharger to the engine by a pulley or belt.

8. There are fewer vehicle modifications required with a supercharger.
The design of a supercharger doesn’t require a change to the physical configuration of your vehicle. It is fitted wherever connections are convenient through the drive belt and its brackets. Your exhaust and air cleaner stay intact, and no internal modifications to the engine are necessary to receive an extra boost.Turbochargers become an integrated component of your exhaust system. If your vehicle comes equipped with a standard exhaust, then significant modifications are sometimes necessary. You might need additional piping and cooling components to help the unit work correctly. Some must have heat insulation installed with them to protect the engine and under-hood components from excessive temperature exposures too.

9. You have more stability with a supercharger.
The performance profile of a supercharger moves upward with a consistent improvement curve. You know how the engine performs based on where you are at in the acceleration profile. When using a turbocharger, the boost threshold is different. You can receive instant power surges at the higher RPMs as you approach top speed, which can lead to instability for the driver. A shutdown sometimes occurs in some vehicles because the issue triggers the governor for the engine, capping your levels until the environment restores itself.

10. Superchargers can be fitted to almost anything.
Superchargers were initially referred to as “blowers” because they used to funnel fresh air into mineshafts for workers. That design means they can be fitted to almost any engine type in use today as well. You’ll find them on airplanes, boats, trains, and even lawnmowers to improve the performance of the unit.

List of the Supercharger vs Turbocharger Cons

1. It connects directly to the engine.
Turbochargers are more efficient than superchargers because the engine isn’t required to work harder to receive the performance boost. It does not connect directly to the engine. That means you get a faster rotation when comparing superchargers vs. turbochargers with the turbo option, giving you a better option for a performance boost because of its design. You’ll receive more power with less work if you decide on a turbocharger.

2. The turbocharger offers more torque on most setups.
Superchargers and turbocharger both produce plenty of power. They feel great when you engage them, giving you the extra acceleration and performance wanted with your vehicle. With its system of power delivery and added torque, however, the turbocharger does create immediate results with a steeper success curve when compared to a supercharger. There are always going to be exceptions to this disadvantage, but in general terms, the average turbocharger delivers more torque than the average supercharger.

3. The cost of a supercharger is higher than a turbocharger.
The cost of a supercharger varies on the engine type you’re modifying for your vehicle. The equipment cost to modify a 1995 Buick engine, for example, hovers around $750 to $850 if you do the work on your own. Installing a Whipple supercharger kit on a modern engine might cost you around $3,500, going up to $5,000 if someone does the work for you. The median cost is about $2,200 right now.

Most turbochargers are priced below $1,000, with entry-level models priced as low as $400, depending on your make and model. Smaller cars can sometimes be priced even less. Even if you require a Dodge 6.7L Cummins turbocharger, you’ll find the price is still around $1,500 for refurbished models.

4. Superchargers reduce the efficiency of your engine.
The primary disadvantage of a supercharger vs. a turbocharger is that you’re robbing the engine of performance to offer it more performance. Because it runs from a pulley that’s connected to your crankshaft, you’re powering an air pump by using another air pump to give it some juice. From a purely power-generating capacity, there is much less energy produced through the use of a supercharger because of its connectivity, despite the advantages which are present.

5. The longevity of the engine becomes an issue with superchargers.
Superchargers (and turbochargers) expose the internal components of your engine to higher temperatures and pressures when forcing in more air. Those elements increase the rate of wear-and-tear of your engine components, which reduces the longevity of an engine not built to withstand these issues. Whenever you choose a forced-induction system, it is best to build the engine from the ground up, rather than use stock internals, to create the long-term results you want.

6. Superchargers tend to be louder than their counterparts.
If you’re concerned about the noise produced by your engine, then turbochargers will be the better option. Improved supercharger designs limit the noise pollution generated, but similar improvements to the turbocharger design virtually eliminate annoying noises when the unit runs. The supercharger tends to be more durable than the turbocharger, but the latter reduces turbine noise almost entirely, allowing you to enjoy the added rumble of a happy engine performing at high speeds.

7. Turbochargers improve the fuel efficiency of your vehicle.
If you drive a lot of highway miles, or you’re behind the wheel of a high-performance racing vehicle, then the fuel economy boost you receive is up to 40%. Superchargers do not provide a similar boost. You must choose a premium fuel product to receive this boost, so the cost of your fuel does go up somewhat, even with the improvement. This turbocharger benefit does negate some of the emissions issues that some setups create.

These supercharger vs. turbocharger pros and cons look at your preference for creating more performance. Choosing a supercharger means you’ll have performance always available to you with a low-maintenance profile, but at a higher initial cost. Turbochargers cost less, but then they make up the difference with their maintenance requirements due to their complexities. All-around results require a supercharger, but if you want rapid performance improvements, a turbocharger could be the better option.

Pine needle straw mulch is a favorite landscaping product from the U.S. South. Homeowners there have used this product successfully for more than three decades, protecting gardens and beds even along highways and in industrial locations because of its many benefits. Now this product is taking the world by storm.

There is an aesthetic appeal to using pine needle straw mulch on your property. The color quality is somewhat red and brown, muted in tone, making it a useful addition to a variety of landscapes. It provides contrast, protects against weeds, and could give your property a unique look compared to everyone else who uses a wood mulch product.

Like any other mulch, pine needle straw mulch gives you the benefits of insulation and moisture retention. You’ll find that it offers several more advantages to think about as well.

There are also some disadvantages to review before purchasing your first bale, so here are the vital pine needle straw mulch pros and cons to review.

List of the Pros of Pine Needle Mulch

1. It offers a natural and sustainable method of mulching yards and gardens.
Pine needle straw mulch comes from the droppings of various pine tree species each year. Their needles, which are referred to as “straw,” are raked from the forest floor, then baled for use as other mulch products. Nothing is ever harvested from the tree. Only the needles which drop from it are used to create this item. That’s why this form of mulch is one of the most renewable and sustainable products available today. It’s part of the natural cycle of growth for pine trees each year.

2. Pine needle straw mulch improves the soil.
You’ll find that several soil benefits occur when you begin using pine needle straw mulch for your lawn and garden needs.

  • The mulch conserves soil moisture because it reduces daily evaporation.
  • It insulates the roots of your plants to prevent extreme changes in temperature.
  • There are erosion-protection benefits when using pine needle straw mulch.
  • It prevents soil compaction by reducing the impact of precipitation from the surface.

There are chemical-balancing benefits to consider with pine needle straw mulch and the soil too. Plants which love an acidic environment, such as roses or azaleas, love this option because it creates the exact environment they require.

3. It offers a low-maintenance option for care.
If you use pine needle straw mulch, then the product does not wash away or float out of beds as other options do. You’ll find that walkways and paths around your property stay cleaner with this product because it stays put when you water plants. The straw breaks down slowly too, which means you’re not required to keep reapplying the mulch, or topping it off, at the end of each season to maintain the look and benefits the product offers.

The pine needle straw mulch always remains loose, never forming a crust on top of the garden beds like you get from leaves, grass clippings, or other organic products. That means you’re not forced to refresh, mix, or fluff the product to maintain its benefits either.

4. Weed control improves when using pine needle straw mulch.
When you place a thick layer of pine needle straw mulch around your plants, you will discover that weeds struggle to survive. Wood mulch allows the seeds from weeds to germinate within the product, eventually creating the need to restore the garden through manual labor. The straw allows the weed seeds to fall through the product to a soil base that is acidic just enough to discourage growth.

You won’t have a complete lack of weeds, but if you think about what the forest floor looks like around a tree, there aren’t many unwanted plants there either.

5. It provides an attractive visual appeal to your lawn or garden.
The overall texture of pine needle straw mulch creates consistent looks when dispersing the product around your garden. It offers a natural look which complements most landscapes thanks to its neutral look. The product highlights the impact your plants and flowers make instead of demanding attention to itself.
There are fewer splash-related incidents when using this mulch too, which means less mud attaches itself to your plants when watering. That means your beds and garden continues to look clean and fresh because of pine needle straw mulch.

6. Freezing temperatures rarely reach plants with this mulch.
The interlocking nature of pine needle straw mulch creates a barrier against colder temperatures, especially if you place young plants in your garden in the early spring. If a late frost arrives, those tender new shoots stand a fighting chance with this product placed around them. The pine needles tend to interlock with each other, holding fast to create a blanket of warmth which maintains adequate heat at soil level. The added temperatures can also help some plants grow faster or stronger in the early season to give you better yields.

7. It offers a lower carbon footprint than other mulch products.
Wood mulches come from the sawing and chipping activities of trees and woody vines. Their carbon footprint is high because of the heavy equipment required to harvest the trees, then process them into usable products. If you choose pine needle straw mulch, then you’re choosing a product which comes from raking and shoveling instead, offering a much lower emissions profile. Even when baling the product, the needles are placed in wooden boxes which require minimal processing.

8. Pine needle straw mulch can be used with sloped locations.
The interlocking nature of the mulch gives it more stability when compared to other products of its type. It stays in place because the straw lodges in the soil, building upon itself to create a stable layer of protection. Properties with sloping gardens or yards receive the benefits of mulch thanks to this design, along with the erosion protection benefits a hillside might require because of local precipitation patterns. The water still filters through the straw, but without the ferocity of impact or heavy flows.

9. You don’t need to remove this product when it reaches its end of life.
When you use other mulch products, the manufacturers often recommend complete removal of the layer you installed before replacing it. That allows the nutrients from the new mulch to reach the plants. With pine needle straw mulch, the different layers which interlock allow the moisture and nutrients to continue dripping through to the soil. You can revitalize the color of old straw without all the work of replacing it.

List of the Cons of Pine Needle Mulch

1. There is little direct nutrient value offered by this mulch.
Despite the many benefits of pine needle straw mulch to think about, the primary disadvantage it offers is a lack of nutrient value. When you place the straw in your lawn or garden, it will not replace or restore deficiencies which could be present on your property. The mulch does release some organic matter to the soil to improve texture through aeration, but it will not add minerals or plant nutrients to the matter for your plants to consume.

2. It is more expensive than most mulch types.
You’ll find that pine needle straw mulch costs about $10 for every $3 of regular wood mulch products if you purchase it through retail. Although you can cover more space with a full bale of this product, the capital costs for some consumers may be too high for them to meet. You can’t just go into a local pine forest to scoop up the pine needles either, as local laws may prevent such a harvest.

Try to shop for pine needle straw mulch during the end of season sales at local stores for best results. You can still lay the mulch down as autumn turns to winter for strong results the next season. That’s because you won’t have the color fading issues that happen with artificially-colored wood mulch.

3. Insects love the pine needles even more than you do.
You’ll discover that the pests around your property will migrate toward the pine needle straw mulch right away. The product offers them a natural environment where they can settle down, hiding from predators. Several insects can even winter through when they settle into the soil layer beneath the pine needles, creating potential issues for the landscape in the coming spring. Whenever there is a temperature change occurring, you’ll find trails of pests headed toward your new mulch.

Because of this issue, you should never place pine needle straw mulch right next to your home. That placement will encourage more pests to work their way inside, creating potential hazards which could eventually lead to costly repairs. You can also mix some cedar mulch in with the pine needle straw mulch to encourage a higher level of pest resistance.

4. It can sometimes hold too much moisture around your beds.
If you live in a high-moisture environment, then you may find the amount of precipitation the pine needle straw mulch holds creates new difficulties in landscape management for you. The plants like the higher temperatures and additional water, but so does mold, mildew, and rot. Those elements provide destructive issues that you must remove to maintain the health of your garden. The additional rot creates even more pest issues for you to handle too, especially when there are ants living on your property.

5. Shorter needles do not interlock as well as longer varieties.
When you start shopping for pine needle straw mulch, you’ll discover that there are three standard lengths available from most suppliers: 6-inch, 9-inch, and 12-inch straw. You’ll want to opt for the longer needles whenever possible. They are heavier with their added length, which gives them a better chance to interlock properly after placing the mulch in its preferred location. The shorter needles can sometimes blow out of place during a strong gust of wind because of their lightweight nature.

6. You may require more than two inches of depth.
Warmer communities require about 2-3 inches of mulch at most because of the temperature profile present in the community. As you move further north, you’ll discover that the amount of mulch required to achieve the benefits listed here grows exponentially. Someone in Alabama might only need two inches of mulch, but someone in Minnesota might need 4-6 inches of the product to achieve the results they want.

7. It may present a fire hazard when placed in some locations.
Because the pine needle straw mulch is made from a dead natural product, there is a fire hazard to consider with this product. It doesn’t ignite easily with its moisture-retaining properties, but it can be more hazardous than similar products. You’ll want to keep the straw away from any areas where flame contacts are possible, including fire pits, barbecues, or any areas where you might smoke.

These pine needle straw mulch pros and cons will help you maintain healthier plants while reducing maintenance needs throughout the year. If you manage pests wisely with this product and plan for its initial costs, the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages when using it.

The traditional coolant used for keeping engines at their proper temperature contains 50% water. Even when you purchase antifreeze for your vehicle, most manufacturers encourage you to cut the coolant in half with water. Any coolant option which contains water promotes overheating and may contribute to premature engine corrosion. That is why waterless coolant is an alternative to consider for any vehicle.

Evans Waterless Coolant is one example of this product option. Instead of containing water, it offers a glycol-based fluid that reduces (or eliminates) the problems seen in water-based cooling systems. You’ll receive the same heat transfer qualities found in other coolant options, but with additional advantages which improve the reliability of the engine.

Regular use may even extend the life of your engine.

If you’re thinking about a transition from traditional antifreeze or coolant to this product option, then here are the critical waterless coolant pros and cons to review.

List of the Pros of Waterless Coolant

1. There is a safety component to waterless coolant not found in other options.
The waterless coolant manufactured by Evans is based on propylene glycol. Traditional antifreeze or coolant products use ethylene glycol instead. That limits the toxicity which comes with exposure to the product. Propylene glycol is used as a sweetener in many products, including medications. No harm is done if the product is accidentally ingested. When a vehicle leaks ethylene glycol, the results are very different, as it is poisonous to pets, small animals, and even children.

2. You receive a superior form of engine protection.
Water changes its characteristics when exposed to a high enough temperature. If your engine runs hot, above 212 degrees Fahrenheit, the water in your system begins boiling. Bubbles form next to the cylinder liners, flexing from the side thrusts provided by the pistons. If those bubbles implode, the coolant will impact the liner wall with enough force to eventually compromise the system. That causes the coolant to get into your oil sump and foul the system.

Instead of relying on unknown supplemental additives to stop this process, there is no water to vaporize in the waterless coolant. That prevents voids and corrosion, promoting longer and healthier engine life in every vehicle.

3. It provides a superior level of temperature protection for the engine.
Vehicles in almost every climate benefit from the use of waterless coolant. The traditional antifreeze or coolant formulation protects to about -34°F. You then have a boiling point at 250°F when the pressure cap is placed correctly. If you’re using a 50/50 coolant, then your temperature maximum is 263°F.

When you make the switch to a waterless coolant, your boiling temperature rises to 375°F without the need for pressurization. That provides you with a better safety margin during engine operations. This product won’t freeze even when temperatures drop below -40°F either.

4. There isn’t the threat of water-scale buildup within the system.
Even when you use distilled water with your traditional antifreeze or coolant, there is still a threat of scale-forming to consider with your engine. Waterless coolant eliminates that threat entirely because you’re using propylene glycol for your cooling needs instead. This product works fine at 2 PSI or less in most circumstances too (though some manufacturer’s instructions do vary), which means you’re not stuck with the 15 PSI radiator cap for performance. There are no localized hot spots or boil-off concerns, which means you receive a cleaner operations profile.

5. It is a proven product with a history of success.
Evans has manufactured their waterless coolant for more than 20 years, offering vehicle owners access to all the advantages of their product. The extended protections offered to engines are proven to work. You eliminate the expansion of water as it cools, and its vaporization when heated. The threat of an engine block cracking disappears completely.

6. Waterless coolant doesn’t erode like traditional products.
Because of its higher boiling point, a waterless coolant remains in liquid form instead of vaporizing. That means you have fewer cooling system losses over time while preventing the issue of pitting. The hygroscopic nature of waterless coolant also means that any water trapped in the system will be absorbed into the fluid, giving you another layer of protection against internal corrosion.

7. Vehicles may warm up faster when using a waterless coolant.
If you get tired of waiting for the heater to kick-in during the cold winter months, then a switch to waterless coolant may offer another benefit. Your vehicle warms up faster, which gives you more heat to use in the cab when the weather turns. For owners living in cold weather environments, this benefit may increase their fuel efficiency rating by up to a half-mile per gallon.

Although warm weather drivers often see a drag on their fuel efficiency because of the added heat, any location which experiences seasonal weather changes should balance itself out over time.

List of the Cons of Waterless Coolant

1. The cost of the waterless coolant is much higher.
If you were to use a standard coolant or antifreeze in your vehicle, then the product cost would be around $20 per gallon. The cost of the waterless coolant from Evans, which is the primary supplier of this option, is about $40 per gallon. If you’re using a big-bore diesel engine with your truck, semi-trailer, or another large vehicle, the difference in price for your coolant needs may be $400+ if you choose the waterless option.

2. There are availability concerns to think about with waterless coolant.
If a slow leak occurs with your vehicle, then you can make it home easy enough before repairing the issue. Just stop at any store, purchase replacement coolant, then make sure your reserves never get too low. That option disappears for you when using waterless coolant. Availability is not as widespread as traditional antifreeze or coolant options because only authorized service providers have the product. Adding water eliminates the benefits of going waterless too.

That means you must stock up on the product when you make the conversion to the waterless coolant. If you use it in your everyday vehicle, then you’ll need to carry some with you at all times. Without plenty of extra, you’ll find the recovery costs of popping a hose can become an unpleasant surprise.

3. Heat isn’t moved as effectively with waterless coolant.
Even Evans Waterless Coolant offers a lower specific heat rating, which means a water-based product will create a faster result in comparison. Compared to water, the specific heat capacity falls into a range between 0.6 to 0.7. That’s why the traditional coolant technologies have been around for so long. The coolant creates a higher boiling temperature for the water, providing you with a layer of protection which is adequate unless the vehicle overheats. Some vehicles run cooler with a waterless coolant, especially if they are equipped with a high-performance engine. Others do not.

4. Engines typically run hotter at the cylinder heads.
Although the overall process creates a cooler engine for many vehicle owners, using a waterless coolant does make an engine run hotter at the cylinder heads. For a high-performance engine, the issue could change conditions by over 100°F. The stabilized coolant temperatures are increased by at least 30°F when the conversion takes place as well when compared to a 50/50 or traditional coolant. You’re also faced with an inhibitor disposition on aluminum surfaces, which may be problematic for some radiators.

5. There is a conversion cost to consider with going waterless.
If your vehicle has not received coolant as of yet, then the cost of a waterless coolant is only the product expense. When you’re converting from a traditional coolant, however, then your system must be purged. Over 97% of the original coolant must be removed from the system for the waterless coolant to be sufficient. If you do not achieve that rate of success, then you lose the corrosion-resistance benefit. The cost of purging the system varies per location, but it typically falls into a range between $250 to $400.

6. Waterless coolant may reduce your horsepower rating.
When a full conversion to waterless coolant occurs, owners notice a small dip in the horsepower possible from their engine. Some high-performance engines see a drop of 5% or more. At the same time, the fuel octane requirement for the engine increases by up to 7 points, which further reduces performance if a shift in gasoline quality does not happen. The hidden costs of these issues to correct them further increases the overall expense of switching from a water-cooled system to this product.

7. It will absorb water when allowed to sit out in the open.
When you use a waterless coolant, it is essential to remember that the product is hygroscopic. That means it offers the capability of absorbing moisture from the surrounding environment. It will even pull water from the air if you allow it to sit outside. Most cooling systems do not have air exposure concerns, so the absorbing nature of the fluid is not an issue within the vehicle. If you’re performing maintenance on your cooling system, however, then you’ll need to place the fluid in a tightly-closed container to prevent it from being corrupted.

8. There are flammability concerns in high-performance settings.
“Only dealt with that stuff one time,” is an observation written on a tech talk forum about waterless coolant. “Guy dumped it on the starting line and made a full pass that was a 3-hour clean-up. Worst stuff I have ever cleaned and extremely slippery.” There are also flammability issues reported with waterless coolant when exposed to high-heat situations on racetracks and other high-performance areas. Although reviews on this potential disadvantage are mixed, the issue should be approached with caution at the very least.

9. The fan on your vehicle may start operating continuously.
Because waterless coolant changes the temperature profile of your vehicle, some owners may find that their fan triggers on continuously because of the heat at the engine. Although the waterless coolant provides better protection, you may need to reprogram the temperature settings of your fan to prevent this issue. Some owners may also change their engine timing to prevent knocking after a switch to this product and look at the specs of their water pump since the viscosity of waterless coolant is a little different.

10. You may be forced to purchase by mail.
Even though you can find waterless coolant products online, only authorized dealers are permitted to sell the product for Evans (and similar rules apply to other manufacturers). If you purchase your product from a retailer who is not authorized, including online companies, then the warranty coverage offered by the product does not apply.

Most vehicle owners will find that an authorized dealer is within 50 miles of their location. The only exception to this rule is for rural owners. Even then, driving that distance just to purchase waterless coolant creates an unnecessary expense for some owners.

The pros and cons of waterless coolant offer vehicle owners an alternative to a water-based product. If you don’t want to deal with the hassle of traditional antifreeze or coolant, Evans and other manufacturers offer an alternative worth considering. You may be able to achieve similar results with distilled or purified water and soluble oil, but it is imperative that you also follow the instructions or advice given by your engine manufacturer.

When you install flooring of almost any type, an underlayment is necessary for best results. If you’re thinking about laminate flooring for your home, then an underlayment must be installed first. This thin layer of wood creates a buffer between the laminate and the subfloor, which reduces wear and tear on all the products.

One of the products developed to reduce the amount of time spent installing items like this in the home is laminate flooring with an attached underlayment. Because the extra layer is built directly into the laminate design, you can immediately install the product in a prepared flooring surface in almost any building.

When laminate flooring is installed correctly, it will give a home a look and feel of hardwood without the same expenses or ongoing maintenance concerns. Modern products look so much like hardwoods that it is difficult to tell the difference with a correctly installed product.

Laminate flooring with an attached underlayment can be a great choice. As with any type of product meant for the floor, there are specific pros and cons to consider. Here is a review of the vital issues before you start the installation process.

List of the Pros of Laminate Flooring with Attached Underlayment

1. This flooring option is effortless to install.
Laminate flooring with an attached underlayment is one of the most natural options to install in a home. Even if the room is not square, you can taper the last row on both sides to make up the difference, creating a look that is not noticeable. Make sure that your subfloor is smooth before working too since a dip in the floor will create spongy sections when walking over the laminate. Then just tap and lock the pieces in place to create the final look you want.

The average person can install about 300 square feet over the course of a single weekend. Modern laminate doesn’t require gluing like the older products. It just clicks or folds, then locks into place. It’s like putting together a puzzle in your room.

2. Trimming doesn’t require a saw when working with laminate.
If you’ve decided to install laminate flooring with an attached underlayment, then you can trim the pieces to fit with minimal difficulty. Instead of using a miter saw, the planks will trim neatly, without ragged edges, with a high-quality laminate shear. Entry-level shears cost less than $100 and are available at most national hardware and home improvement chains.

If you’re thinking about doing the work yourself, then try the 13-inch shear from Bullet Tools, which retails for about $350.

3. It is one of the cheapest floor installations available today.
The cost to install the underlayment of a laminate floor for about 500 square feet totals about $350 in the United States as of 2018. It requires a couple of hours of labor to get the job done. You can save about $100 (maybe a little more) if you do the work yourself instead of hiring a professional.

The average cost to professionally install laminate flooring is up to $8 per square foot. If you purchase laminate flooring with an attached underlayment, the final cost may be somewhere in the neighborhood of $1 per square foot. Discount products may drop the price to just $0.25 per square foot.

4. Once installed, the floors are very easy to clean.
When you have laminate flooring with an attached underlayment installed in your home, cleaning it requires either a broom or a vacuum to remove debris. If you see footprints or have spilled on the floor, then a mop which is slightly damp will make it look like new. Using a laminate floor cleaner whenever possible for best results.

Some homeowners use a steam cleaner for their laminate floors, but that should be avoided. The hot vapor goes between the cracks in the floor, which causes curling and warping over time. With some laminate, the extra moisture even causes swelling. Laminate floor cleaner retails for about $0.15 per fluid ounce.

5. You can install the flooring in rooms where moisture occurs.
When the boards of your laminate flooring with an attached underlayment are tight, it will offer some water resistance. Newer options may even rate as being waterproof under specific conditions. That makes it possible to install the flooring option in kitchens, non-shower bathrooms, and other areas where topical moisture is present. You must avoid pools of standing water to get the most of your floor, however, so any place with the potential of a heavy leak should be avoided.

6. It provides the floor of your home with added strength.
Unlike wooden floors that tend to dent with impacts, the installation of laminate flooring with an attached underlayment creates a stronger surface for impacts. The design of this product features what is called a “wear layer.” It protects the photographic layer of the wood underneath the top surface. Manufacturers like DuPont give up to a 10-year warranty on this wear layer, and newer products have an even longer guarantee to enjoy.

Combined with the stain-resistant nature of the product, laminate floors are a reasonable investment to make when wanting a durable finish.

7. The flooring reproduces the look of any natural material.
Using photographic printing technologies, modern laminate flooring replicates almost any desired look. Although wood is the primary option available to consumers, you can purchase laminate that looks like stone or other natural materials today too.

You won’t have the imperfect pieces which natural products always come with either when you choose laminate flooring with an attached underlayment. The manufacturing process creates a superior consistency which is difficult to replicate otherwise.

8. Laminate floors provide an environmentally-friendly flooring solution.
When you purchase laminate flooring with an attached underlayment, what you’re getting is a synthetic product which fuses multiple layers together through lamination. The manufacturing process uses particleboard wood, which comes from the byproducts created when processing logs. This low-density fiberboard is made from sawmill shavings, wood chips, and sawdust when mixed with a resin. It is then extruded to produce the layers which are used to create the flooring. That is why this flooring option is cheaper while offering homeowners a denser floor compared to conventional wood products.

9. It will install over most other types of flooring.
A laminate floor will install over most other flooring types, especially when the underlayment comes with the product. The only exception to this rule is carpet. If you install the product on a hard floor, there may be less comfort when walking in the home without shoes on. That’s a small price to pay considering you don’t have the same tear-out costs to face as you would with other flooring options. As long as you keep the surface free of abrasive grit, your new floor will become a durable finish that you’ll enjoy for years to come.

10. Professional installation is cheaper than other floor options.
According to Home Flooring Pros, the installation of laminate flooring with an attached underlayment is much cheaper than other options, especially in the kitchen. You’ll pay an average of $4.50 per square foot with laminate, compared to the $13.50 average for ceramic tile or the $20 average for natural stone. It resists fading better than the natural options do, offers fewer defects, and features several aesthetic options to match the current look and feel of what is in your home.

11. Heavy commercial laminate is suitable for all traffic areas.
There are five different grades of laminate flooring available: AC1 through AC5. If you have heavy traffic in your home, then anything rated AC3 or above is well-suited for your needs. Even if you operate your own business at home, laminate rated at AC5 will meet your needs. Compared to other flooring options, you’ll find the investment into a robust laminate floor provides more benefits than disadvantages when installed correctly.

List of the Cons of Laminate Flooring with Attached Underlayment

1. Most options are not waterproof.
Unlike other floor types which are available today, laminate flooring with an attached underlayment does not give you waterproof protection. Although some laminate options are being created right now which will provide this option, a separate underlayment is necessary to achieve the advantage. Since most laminate uses a click-and-lock system for installation, there is a vulnerability when exposed to moisture. Over time, that creates curling of the veneer, swelling of the product, and a higher risk of damage to the home.

2. Sound absorption is not as good with this option.
When installing laminate flooring with an attached underlayment, you’re using a product which offers a thin layer of foam to absorb sound. You’ll find that footsteps are much louder with this flooring option compared to even a laminate with a separate underlayment. That thin foam layer also struggles with repetitive compression, eventually wearing out to eliminate all potential sound absorption benefits over time.

Although you can install a separate underlayment, then the laminate flooring with an attached underlayment together, you’d be spending more to get the wanted results. If you want sound deadening features, then this product may not provide the desired outcome.

3. You cannot restore the features of the laminate when it receives damage.
Laminate floors might look like hardwood, but it requires a different type of maintenance when damage occurs. Hardwood floors are capable of being sanded and refinished multiple times before a replacement becomes necessary. Each sanding and finishing chore then restores the look and feel of the flooring.

You must unlock the planks to restore the look of damaged laminate flooring with an attached underlayment. If the damage is close to a wall, then you must remove the base molding, then number each plank until reaching the damaged portion. When issues occur in the middle of the room, then you must cut out the flooring. That’s assuming the laminate wasn’t glued down in the first place.

4. Some laminate flooring looks fake.
When you purchase laminate flooring with an attached underlayment, the amount you spend matters. There are more fashionable choices with this option compared to hardwood or carpet, but it comes with some risks too. Cheap laminate often looks fake when installed. Even if the price is around $0.25 per square foot, the quality of the product will dictate how much maintenance it requires and how good it looks over time. When considering this product, invest as much as you can into it to enjoy its quality for years to come.

5. Laminate flooring can sometimes be slippery.
When installing laminate flooring with an attached underlayment, you must be careful about footing once the work is finished. The new floor will be slick, creating a slipping hazard which could lead to injuries for yourself, guests, and pets. There are several fixes, including area rugs, which are non-invasive to the floor to stop this issue. The best option, however, is to use an anti-skid treatment on the finished floor to preserve the look you worked so hard to create.

6. It will not improve the resale value of your home.
If you’re replacing old, worn-out flooring with a new laminate floor, then you might see a boost in the overall value of the home. That is the only exception to this potential disadvantage of laminate flooring with an attached underlayment. There is a general rule in real estate which dictates that laminate rarely looks good when you install more of it.

Cheap hardwood encounters the same issue. The only way to promote a substantial increase in value is to invest in top-of-the-line flooring which serves the overall needs of the house and its owner – whether that’s you or someone else. If you’re on a tight budget, look for engineered wood instead of hardwood for savings opportunities.

7. Attached underlayment is not suitable for heavy traffic areas.
Most laminate flooring with an attached underlayment will use a repurposed layer of thin foam on the underside of each locking section. Although it is cheaper than other flooring types, it does not withstand heavy traffic patterns. You’ll find that this product does not hold up well over time, often creating a “warped” look in the areas which receive the most foot traffic. If you live in a small home or want a durable product for your common traffic patterns, then look for a flooring option which offers an acceptable compression resistance.

8. Each board has its own underlayment attached to it.
The issue with laminate flooring with an attached underlayment is that each board comes manufactured with its own thin layer of padding. That saves you time during installation, but it also means you’ve got hundreds of different pieces contributing to the floor instead of one overall lower layer. Even though many laminate products are moving toward the attached underlayment design, the benefits of having a single layer under your floor are sometimes worth the extra time and cost.

With a single underlayment, your compression resistance is better. The whole floor is protected against moisture. It will absorb sound better for you. Compare the costs of both systems to ensure that the outcomes provided are the ones you require.

9. Laminate flooring must be cleaned frequently.
The one issue not always discussed with all laminate flooring options is the tendency it has to create static electricity. Even with minimal movement across the surface of the floor, the build-up is enough to create an uncomfortable contact when you touch a metal surface. The only way to prevent this issue is to clean the floor frequently. For some homeowners, that means using a laminate flooring cleaner every day. That creates a cost which begins to add up quickly.

10. The patterns of laminate flooring become quickly repetitive.
Most laminate flooring manufacturers use 10 or fewer different patterns with their boards in the sets they produce. Without prior layout planning, it is very easy to accidentally lay two boards with the same pattern next to each other. That throws off the final look of the flooring, making the room feel unnatural. Although you must get close to the floor to see this issue, it is a disadvantage which never applies to carpet or floors using natural products.

11. Flooring pieces sometimes chip or warp when they’re put together.
Improvements to laminate flooring over time have reduced this issue somewhat, but it still exists. The planks or tiles of the boards use edges and ends which snap together. That reduces the need for glue with the floor. It also eliminates the need for nails. What you will find, however, is that some pieces do not want to snap or lock together as they should. Forcing them into place, or catching an edge just right, may cause the top layer of the product to chip.

12. You still need a moisture barrier installed in specific home locations.
There are many advantages to find with laminate flooring with an attached underlayment in almost every room of the home. You will also discover that when this flooring is installed in basements or on slabs, a moisture barrier is necessary. Because the underlayment can sometimes vary from piece to piece, fitting the puzzle together to create an even floor becomes challenging. Even when you get it right, you’ll want to seal the perimeter with silicone caulk, as you would a bathroom installation, and think about gluing your edges.

The pros and cons of laminate flooring with an attached underlayment balance convenience and installation ease with long-term value and ongoing maintenance challenges. Choosing laminate over hardwood saves you money now, but it may not do so over the life of the product. It resists scratching, but it isn’t scratch-proof. Consider each point carefully, then choose the look and design that works best for your home.

The washing machine is one of the busiest appliances in the average home. They work hard to ensure the clothing and linens are cleaned properly. If you are shopping for a new one, then choosing a washer without an agitator might be an appropriate choice for your needs.

Most households look at one key difference between washers with or without an agitator: space. When the agitator is removed from the washing machine design, then you have access to a larger tub for your clothing or linens. That will help you get through your loads of laundry faster, giving you time to focus less on chores and more on fun times.

Spacing is only one element of consideration when shopping for washing machines today. Cost, effectiveness, and ease of use are critical attributes to focus on as well. These are the pros and cons of a washer without an agitator to consider if you’re in the market for a new appliance.

List of the Pros of a Washer Without an Agitator

1. You’ll lose less energy and water without an agitator.
A washing machine without an agitator provides homes with a high-efficiency appliance. Even though you have a larger capacity with this washer type, you’re going to use less water and energy compared to one with an agitator. These units do more with less with up to 80% water compared to traditional models. The energy savings on some units exceeds 60% compared to those with agitators provided.

2. The equipment is easier on clothes.
Because you own a washing machine without an agitator, there are fewer interactions between your clothing and the appliance. That creates less wear-and-tear while doing laundry, keeping your favorite items cleaner and in better condition compared to traditional models. That includes the larger items they’re able to handle since there is more space in the tub, so your bathroom mats, area rugs, comforters, and sleeping bags all come out looking better and feeling cleaner.

3. You create specialized results with bulky items.
Agitation creates damage on any materials. Your large comforters and blankets are specifically vulnerable to this issue when doing laundry at home. Upgrading your equipment to a washing machine without an agitator gives you the chance to produce professional results at a fraction of the price. You’ll find that your bedding looks and feels cleaner after a trip through the laundry too because there is more consistency in the washing process. An agitator may not reach all items of a large blanket, an issue which disappears when it is gone.

4. The rinse in a washer without an agitator offers more usefulness.
The traditional washing machine design with an agitator requires the drum or rub to refill with water a second time to thoroughly rinse your clothing and linens. That means your items are thoroughly soaked and spun at least twice to get them clean. When you choose a washing machine without an agitator, a high-pressure spray rinses your clothing instead. Your items receive the rinse they require for proper cleanliness while saving on water costs and preventing laundry damage.

5. Washers without an agitator spin at higher speeds.
If you compare entry-level washing machines with or without an agitator, you’ll find that the maximum spin speed specs are about the same. Most washers in the budget-friendly price category have a max RPM rating of 700 RPM. Both styles offer a slower spinning speed for your delicate items too.

When you step up to the upgraded models in each category, you’ll find RPM differences that some households may find beneficial. Spinning at higher speeds removes more water from your clothing and linens, which means they spend less time in the high-heat environment of the dryer. At the same time, the larger drum means you can wash more clothes in less time, getting through your laundry chores faster.

6. Impellers are just as useful as agitators for cleanliness.
When you purchase a washing machine without an agitator, the clothes and linens become clean because of the presence of an impeller. This technology produces strong water currents within the drum as it works, removing the stains and dirt from fabrics effectively. You receive as much power within the drum as an agitator provides without the trashing motion which causes fading and stretching over time. You get the same levels of clean (if not better) while taking advantage of multiple savings levels.

7. Fabrics are typically cleaner in a washer without an agitator.
Because water currents clean the clothing and linens, the fabrics are usually cleaned to a deeper level when compared to traditional models. The agitator impacts clothing in a monotonous circle, creating a surface clean on most items. Overloading the agitator with a large load could create problems with some areas even becoming clean. The same issue applies for large blankets or comforters which do not come into contact with the central device. You’ll find that tough stains like grass, chocolate, and wine are much easier to get out when you own a washing machine without an agitator.

8. Small clothing items don’t get stuck in the washing machine.
If you are washing a hoodie, jacket, or bathrobe, you’ll find that drawstrings and other elements of the clothing can sometimes get stuck in the agitator. Even with improvements to the design, the strings can get wrapped around the bottom of the unit or trapped in one of the “wings” on the central post. That may cause the clothing to stretch or tear while in the washing machine. This issue disappears when you upgrade to a washer which doesn’t use an agitator to get fabrics clean.

9. They work with the same size requirements as other washers.
Most homes have specific sizing requirements to meet when installing washers and dryers. If the units are too big, then you won’t have the space necessary to do your laundry each week. A washing machine without an agitator comes in the same sizing formats as any other washer on the market today. Just make sure you measure the space available to you, then match up the specs to the appliances you’re interested in purchasing, to ensure the units fit as intended.

10. Washers without an agitator are a low-maintenance option.
As with any washing machine, you will need to clean the unit from time to time to ensure it cleans your clothing correctly. There are several automatic products available on the market to help you do this by running an empty load through the machine. Even if there is a mess to clean, you’ll find that working in a drum without an agitator is much less work. Although some washers without an agitator can be temperamental in how they clean clothing, you’ll find that the work required to keep the unit in a good operating condition is quite minimal.

List of the Cons of a Washer Without an Agitator

1. You must follow specific instructions to benefit from the technology.
When you own a washing machine without an agitator, then you must follow the manufacturer’s instructions to the letter to get your clothing and linens as clean as possible. Traditional designs allow you to throw clothes into the tub as you grab them because the agitator moves the clothing around, ensuring a level of cleanliness without any effort. Dirty clothes in a high-efficiency washer without agitation devices must follow specific protocols to have a successful laundry experience.

2. An entry-level washer without an agitator will cost more.
If your budget is tight, then a washing machine without an agitator may not be the best solution. You can find top-loading washing machines priced in the $300 range at most stores, with discount pricing bringing down some models below $200 at times. Entry-level appliances without the agitator cost about $100 more and also come with a top-loading design. Make sure that you look at the overall size of the tub before finalizing your purchase though, because you can find larger capacities with an agitator at a lower price than small-capacity washers without one.

3. You must use specific detergents with this washing machine option.
Virtually all of the washing machines without an agitator are classified as a high-efficiency appliance. That means you must use a specific laundry detergent, specially formulated for your equipment, because of the lower water levels being used. These detergents prevent excessive bubbles within the laundry while allowing you to wash more loads in cold or cool water, which saves even more energy for you over time.

4. Washing times are often longer without an agitator present.
Traditional washers with an agitator may complete their cycles 50% faster than a washing machine without an agitator. Because these appliances use more water than the high-efficiency models, the wash times become manageable They don’t tumble clothing, so you get more of a surface clean, but for lightly soiled items, it will get through the cycle faster. Even with the larger drums or tubs offered by the washers without an agitator, the differences between the two often balance each other out from a practical use standpoint.

5. You still have the issue with grease and oil buildup within the washing machine.
Some users think that owning a washing machine without an agitator means you can clean clothing, blankets, and other fabrics with oil or grease stains in them. That is not the case. Although there are fewer contact surfaces to clean with the updated design, the grease and oil will still collect on the interior of the drum. Over time, the leftovers become resistant to cleaning, making them difficult to remove. Portions of the grease still come off during a load too, which means more clothing receive stains.

To remove grease and oil from a washer without an agitator, you’ll want to place some baking soda onto a rough sponge. Then scrub the inside of the drum vigorously, leaving baking soda directly on the massive oil stains. Run an empty hot water load with a full cup of detergent. Repeat as necessary.

6. Some models trap air with leftover water to create a musty scent.
If you’ve ever left your clothing in the washing machine too long after a cycle, then you’re familiar with the musty, almost moldy scent that permeates the clothing. When you use a washing machine without an agitator, air gets trapped inside the appliance with some of the leftover moisture. Even without clothing in the appliance, this odor begins developing in time. To avoid this disadvantage, you may be advised to keep the lid of the washer open to promote air circulation.

Some washing machines, such as the Maytag Maxima, offer a feature which circulates air for up to 12 hours after a cycle completes to prevent this issue.

7. It struggles to clean heavy-duty items in a single load.
If your clothing items include fabrics such as canvas, denim, or thick low-stretch items, then a washer without an agitator may not be the right choice to make. These heavy-duty materials require an aggressive appliance which offers a powerful cleaning solution. Even if only surface elements are cleaned, the thickness of the material often prevents deep stains from forming due to heavy soil. Although lightweight items tend to clean better without a circulating center pole, some households still find that technology more useful than a washing machine without an agitator.

8. The cost to repair a washer without an agitator is typically higher.
In the United States, the minimum cost to repair a washing machine averages about $50, while the maximum cost tends to be around $350. Most households will find a maintenance bill somewhere in the middle of the two extremes. If you own a washing machine without an agitator, the average cost of the repair is somewhat higher because of the differences in agitation technology. The time it takes to repair or replace the impeller technology is higher than what is necessary with the agitator.

9. Your clothes can tie up into knots because of the impeller.
Even though a washing machine without an agitator gives you clothing that is almost dry, the strong currents produced in the drum often cause clothing to tie up into knots. When you combine this issue with the extended run time of a standard cycle, you may find it frustrating to be continually working on your clothes to ensure they can make it through the laundry correctly. Newer models work to prevent this disadvantage from occurring, especially on the higher-end appliances, but it is a common complaint from those who made this investment.

The pros and cons of a washer without an agitator eventually come to personal preference. If you go through multiple loads of laundry each week and want to save time, energy, and water, then this technology is an excellent option to consider. For households on a tight budget looking for functionality over form, then a model with an agitator may provide a better deal. Whatever the case may be for you, begin by looking for high-efficiency, Energy Star-rated appliances for the best results.

The NuWave Oven is a multipurpose kitchen countertop appliance that provides cooking options which are similar to a microwave or traditional stove. As Lisa Kaplan Gordon describes the product for AOL, “My wall oven doesn’t take a 13-pound turkey from freezer to serving platter in less than 5 hours: the portable NuWave does.”

There are some unique benefits available to consumers who invest in this product. It will crisp up the crust of leftover pizza in ways that a microwave never could. You can hard-boil eggs with this product in 4-minutes.

Kaplan even tried cooking a frozen 5-pound rib roast using the NuWave Oven, creating a medium-rare result in under two hours. It delivers in many ways.

There are also some issues to consider when looking at this product. The NuWave Oven doesn’t cut cooking times on all foods, like bacon. It comes with a cooking guide which requires personal experimentation to get accurate results. Then there’s the fact that the plastic dome on the product is made from plastic (glass would be better), so it likes to crack.

Here are some more of the NuWave Oven pros and cons to take a look at if you’re thinking about purchasing this product or giving it as a gift this year.

List of the Pros of the NuWave Oven

1. Several cooking options are available with the NuWave Oven.
What is unique about the NuWave Oven is that it combines multiple cooking functions into one unit. You’ll be using infrared heat, convection, and conduction simultaneously when using this product. That means you can broil, grill, roast, bake, sear, steam, barbecue, or air-fry your foods with one device. It isn’t a microwave oven either, which means the nutrient profile stays the same when compared to cooking in a traditional oven.

2. It cooks your food much faster.
The NuWave Oven doesn’t require the same pre-heating cycle that a traditional oven requires to reach the appropriate temperature. That means you cook your meals up to 70% faster compared to the standard kitchen appliance. You’re also using up to 75% less energy when you use this device while reducing your overall cooking time.

If you were to use a standard oven to cook frozen chicken breasts, following a 10-minute pre-heat cycle, you would need to cook them for at least 30 minutes. Some ovens would require 45 minutes with this food product. When you use the NuWave Oven, the meal will be ready in just 13 minutes in total.

3. The NuWave Oven is very easy to clean.
If you’re tired of scrubbing the standard oven whenever a mess occurs, then you’ll love the NuWave Oven. You don’t need to worry about the heat or energy required in a self-cleaning cycle either. That’s because this product is dishwasher-safe. Just follow the manufacturer’s instructions to clean up after cooking salmon, beef, or your favorite dessert, and you’ll find that healthy and fast meals are more accessible than ever before to make.

4. It comes with a 1-year limited warranty.
A 1-year manufacturer’s warranty covers the infrared cooking system and all the electrical components of the NuWave Oven against defects and workmanship. That includes the cooking rack, dome, liner pan, and base. To qualify for the warranty, consumers must follow the written instructions which come with the product. A failure to follow them does void the guarantee.

If you do have a valid claim, then the manufacturer will provide the parts and labor necessary to bring the unit back into working condition. A 90-day money-back guarantee is associated with the NuWave Oven as well, although shipping costs may not be included with that return.

5. You can cook multiple food items at the same time without an added time cost.
Because of the triple cooking feature offered by the NuWave Oven, you can cook multiple dishes or food items at the same time. The manufacturer provides the example of cooking a completely frozen Cornish game hen. Using this product will take you about 50 minutes to correctly cook it. If you have four Cornish game hens to cook instead of one, the food will still be finished in those 50 minutes. A traditional oven or a microwave cannot make the same claims.

6. The same cooking utensils used in a traditional oven are usable in the NuWave Oven.
Items made of Pyrex, metals, or foil are all safe to use when cooking with the NuWave Oven. You can use oven-safe cooking bags with this product as well. Any cooking utensils that would be used in your kitchen with the oven are safe to use with this protect. Even prepared frozen entrée trays are permitted. As long as the items you’re looking at say they are safe to go into a regular oven, you can use them with the NuWave Oven.

7. You can avoid the shipping charges by shopping with Amazon Prime.
If you search for the NuWave Oven on Amazon, you will find several listings which qualify for Amazon Prime at $99.95. That is for the Pro Plus oven which is a promised “upgrade” through the website. Although you won’t receive the buy one, get one offer (with additional shipping charges), you do avoid many of the extra costs that are the center of most consumer complaints with this product. You can also purchase all the accessories for less than $200, which is less than the product + shipping costs when purchased directly from the company.

Purchasing the NuWave Oven from Amazon Prime also means you receive your purchase in two business days, which is a shorter turn than a direct purchase from the manufacturer.

8. It is large enough to cook most meals.
The NuWave Oven offers an interior size which is 12 inches in diameter and 6.5 inches in depth. It is a lightweight product as well, weighing just nine pounds. Although the product reaches a maximum temperature of 350 degrees Fahrenheit, an included temperature conversion chart allows you to cook your favorite recipes faster.

9. The NuWave Oven cooks foods from the inside and outside simultaneously.
With the NuWave Oven, you get the convenience of speed without changes to the nutritional profile. The cooking process renders the fat out of the food products being cooked without creating food that is moist. You don’t lose the flavor profile of the food. Your favorite items don’t require added fat to cook correctly either. Some customers even report losing between 10 to 20 points off their cholesterol profile over a 60-day period by switching to this product and making no other lifestyle changes.

List of the Cons of the NuWave Oven

1. You must clean the NuWave Oven after each use.
Even with the multiple product options available with the NuWave Oven, you’ll find that most meals require you to clean the device after each use. Although you save time during the cooking process, you’ll be cleaning the device as if it were a countertop grill or frying pan. You do have the capability of swapping out various items for multiple uses, and can throw it right into the dishwasher, but if you forget to clean it, you won’t be using it.

2. The manufacturer’s warranty doesn’t cover all aspects of the unit.
When you purchase the NuWave Oven, there will be elements of a non-stick coating applied to individual components of the cooking system. The warranty does not cover any part which is covered by such a surface. Even the products which are covered by the limited warranty are not guaranteed if accidents, fluctuations in electrical power, or “acts of God” make the product unusable.

3. You must take into account the shipping costs for the product.
The easiest way to avoid this disadvantage with the NuWave Oven is to purchase it directly from a local retailer. It is available at Walmart, Macy’s, Bed Bath and Beyond, and similar locations. It retails at these locations between $120 to $160 in most regions. If you purchase the NuWave Oven from the manufacturer through their website or the “As Seen on TV” toll-free number, you’ll pay three payments of $39.95 each.

An additional $29.95 shipping and handling charge applies to the order as well. If you choose to take advantage of the second NuWave Oven during your purchase, you’ll pay another $29.95 shipping fee (though you won’t pay any more than the 3 x $39.95). If you take advantage of each item offered through the number or website, the shipping and handling charge may be over $100, with some consumers complaining of charges up to $375.

If you order replacement parts for the NuWave Oven, they too come with additional shipping charges. Several consumers report that a dome replacement runs $35, with a $15 added shipping and handling cost. That puts the price of one component at 50% the cost of a new one.

4. The product offers a limited lifespan.
Assuming that everything works as it should with the NuWave Oven, there is no denying the fact that this is a countertop appliance more than an oven replacement. The wear-and-tear of daily use on this product creates lifespan issues which consumers have complained about since the product was first introduced. The dome typically cracks at two years of regular use, while the powerhead burns out or stops function after 5 years of use or less. If you were to use this unit every day for cooking, it might not make it through its first year.

5. Convenience requires you to shop for your own groceries.
If you’re used to eating out of having quick-service options at home, then the NuWave Oven requires a lifestyle change. You’ll need to shop for your own groceries with this system (or at least have them delivered to your home). That setup may have you eating healthier, but it won’t create a time savings that the marketing materials promise. Most of the benefits promoted by the manufacturer are for people who already cook most of their meals at home. If that is not you, then the cost of this system, and the groceries it requires, may be somewhat prohibitive.

6. The NuWave Oven struggles with baked goods.
You’ll find that when trying to make baked goods at home, the NuWave Oven struggles to compete with the traditional appliance. Your cakes don’t rise as much with this product as they do in the standard oven. They don’t look as good when they’re finished either. Cookies are another struggle, often losing their moisture to create crisps more than soft, gooey centers. You can always tinker with the cooking processes to create different results, but for the average home cook, the traditional oven will always make the baked goods better.

The pros and cons of the NuWave Oven make you focus on a price vs. convenience comparison. There are certainly benefits to cooking food in this product because of its ability to render more fat out of foods compared to other cooking methods. You also have the shipping charges, extras, and product cost to consider. It may be cheaper than a conventional oven, but it may not last as long either. If you’re thinking about occasional use, this product offers a lot of potential. It may not be suitable for some households with daily use.

Saniflo toilets offer a design which makes it possible to add one almost anywhere in your home. It eliminates the need to break through floors or install complex plumbing systems. This innovative design creates an upflush macerating system which has been around since the 1950s.

The design is quite simple. Instead of connecting the new toilet to the existing drain pipe, the Saniflo system can send waste up to 150 feet away. It also contains the capacity to flush waste upward up to 18 feet to connect with your home’s system. There is no other water-pumping toilet system on the market today which offers this set of features.

The macerating feature pulverizes the waste after the toilet flushes. Then the waste is pumped to your septic or soil stack (or to your main sewer pipe) up to 150 feet away. Once the process is finished, the toilet refills with water and the tank are clean.

If you’re thinking about the installation of a new toilet in your home, then here are the Saniflo pros and cons to review.

List of the Pros of Saniflo

1. A Saniflo toilet installation can occur almost anywhere in the home.
Saniflo toilets are installable almost anywhere in the home, regardless of what your drainage system or plumbing setup happens to be. Because it is an upflush system, these toilets are an excellent addition to a basement bathroom where upward movement of waste is necessary. You can even install them in areas not initially intended for a toilet, like an outdoor workshop, a nook under the stairs, or a similar location. The waste goes directly to external sewage or your septic system.

2. It offers a free-standing ejection system.
Some Saniflo toilets do connect to drainage systems, sometimes requiring plumbing beneath the floor and excavation work below and behind the unit. To avoid this issue, consider using one of the free-standing ejection systems for the sewage instead. These systems install below the incoming waste level on elevated platforms. A separate pump is used to handle the waste to send it where it needs to go. You’ll find that the cost of installing this toilet option can be 50% of the cost when compared to traditional toilet options.

3. Many Saniflo toilets are highly portable.
Macerating toilets are very portable, especially if the system is constructed as an all-in-one unit. There are models which require you to remove four screws to take it to a new location. That is why Saniflo products are useful for homes that support the elderly or those with special needs. Most systems require zero digging or breaking, and even when it is necessary, the impact to the home is minimal.

4. They last as long as any other toilet on the market today.
Saniflo toilets are tested for up to 50,000 flushes as part of their product guarantee. Most of the products will last between 10 to 15 years for the average family. Some models last much longer when given proper maintenance and quick repairs when necessary. That means you can fight the gravity of waste by sending it vertically or horizontally to reach a system without adding to the risk of blocking your waste pipes as a traditional toilet would offer.

5. Saniflo toilets use less energy when compared to a standard toilet.
Because the water pressure isn’t forcing the waste in its whole form with a Saniflo toilet, the flushing process is much smoother with this technology. Impeller technologies also use less water than the traditional toilet, which means you save on every flush. Some models, such as the Sanicompact, fit in half-bathroom applications with a built-in macerating system and additional water savings with a dual-flush system. Even the compact models feature vertical flushes of up to 9 feet to meet the specific needs of your home.

6. This technology is exceptionally water-efficient.
Saniflo toilets meet or exceed water use expectations across the United States, including in areas where restrictions take place. A standard flush on most models uses 1.28 gallons, while the dual flush model offers a 1 gallon per flush option. Compared to the traditional toilet design, you may save upwards of 70% if you replace an older toilet with this technology. It may also help you achieve specific energy-efficiency ratings in your home which may qualify for insurance discounts.

7. You can hookup additional sanitary fixtures to your Saniflow tank.
Saniflo says that a shower can be installed on most of their products in addition to the toilets that are placed in the home. Your shower base must be raised a minimum of 6 inches to accommodate the design of the system, with an 8-inch raise recommended by the manufacturer. The gray water pumps equipped with the system can handle the drains of a sink, washing machine, dishwasher, and kitchen sink, but not a toilet, so do not try to hook up the Sanivite, Saniswift, or Sanishower to the Saniflo toilet you purchase.

8. It allows you to have a toilet even if there are no underground drains.
Thanks to the unique design of the Saniflo system, you can install this toilet virtually anywhere. Other toilets require an underground drain line of some type to operate correctly. That means your installation time is still fast, though not as quick as a standard toilet, and it meets temporary needs when a full-time extra toilet may not be necessary for your home. Over ten years, despite the added capital cost, a Saniflo toilet comes out to about the same price as a mid-range standard unit.

List of the Cons of Saniflo

1. Most existing homes do not benefit from this technology.
Existing homes already have supportive plumbing systems installed. Trying to hook up a Saniflo toilet to the existing system may be more trouble than it is worth. Unless you have a separate tank or system outside of the pipes and drains already available, the cost to connect the toilet to the main sewer pipe or septic outlet is comparable to what a traditional toilet installation would cost. The only benefit would be the lack of floor installation required, as most systems go through the wall instead.

2. Saniflo toilets are much noisier than the traditional unit.
With a standard toilet, your noise issue involves the flushing, draining, and refilling of the unit after use. Saniflo toilets offer another step. Once the flushing occurs, the maceration tank begins to work. Grinding the waste sent through the system gets pretty loud since there are independent pumps and systems associated with the design. Depending on the levels of insulation provided between the toilet and the tank in the wall behind, the bathroom environment could become unbearable.

3. Macerating toilets tend to become clogged more often.
Upflush toilets require a specific use pattern to avoid having them become clogged. Not only is the waste moving upward, but there is also the issue of waste not being macerated correctly in the tank. You must be careful about what you flush when using this type of system in any home. If clogs do occur, you’re limited in the products available to restore the system to its correct function. Many owners of a Saniflo toilet find that their repair or maintenance costs are higher with this system option compared to that of a traditional unit.

4. It costs a lot more to purchase a Saniflo toilet over other models.
If you purchase a Glacier Bay 1.28 gallons per flush toilet bowl and tank from a store like The Home Depot, then you might pay $89 for the entire unit. Upgrading to a Kohler toilet puts you in a price range of $119 to $244, depending on the model you prefer. The cost of a basic installation runs about $115. Even with unexpected costs, including the replacement of the rings and other issues, the total cost of a toilet replacement is $800 or less. If you were to purchase a Sanicompact toilet, the minimum MSRP is $1,034 and that comes without the macerating unit.

If you want a standard unit with the SaniBEST Pro line of products, then the suggested retail price of the toilet is above $1,400. Even if you receive a dealer discount on the toilet, expect to pay at least $1,200 before taxes on the entire system.

5. You must flush a Saniflo toilet at least once per day.
Even if you only leave for the weekend, a Saniflo toilet must be flushed a couple of times before you leave. The best practice with this design is to flush the toilet at least once per day. Without daily flushing, the tank can lose its prime, which makes it difficult to restore use to the system once you come back home. If you will be gone for an extended period and don’t have someone to watch the home for you, then speak with your installer about ways that you can keep the toilet from breaking down.

6. Saniflo offers a minimal warranty with their product compared to other toilets.
If you purchase a Saniflo toilet for your home, then you receive a 2-year warranty on the pumps with your model, along with a 1-year warranty on the tank and the toilet bowl. Your warranty begins from the date of purchase, which means a delayed installation date reduces the value of the guarantee. For comparison purposes, the intelligent toilets featured in the Kohler brand offer a three-year limited warranty instead. Saniflo also voids the warranty if foreign objects or fluids are found in the macerating unit.

7. You cannot use the toilet if the power goes out at all.
Unlike traditional toilets which can be forced flush when there is an extended loss of power, the extra step with a Saniflo toilet prohibits this from happening. The pump will not work without power. That means any sanitary fixture you’ve connected to the pump, including a shower, should not be used either. Because of this disadvantage, homes equipped with only Saniflo toilets may wish to consider connecting their toilet to a generator to avoid issues. Keep in mind that portable generators should only be used outside because of the fumes and exhaust they produce.

8. You must check with your local building codes before installing a macerating toilet.
Even though macerating toilets are permitted according to national and international building codes, there are several communities where local housing codes prevent them from being used. Although plumbers and installers should be familiar with local ordinances, you cannot rely on their word alone. Before purchasing or installing a Saniflo toilet, review all local building ordinances to determine if this technology is allowable in your home. You can do so by paying your city or village hall a visit and asking the clerk about what the local expectations happen to be.

The pros and cons of a Saniflo system are essential to review if you’re using or installing a non-traditional plumbing system. You gain access to a new toilet with a minimal installation footprint without the need to connect the item to your primary drainage pipe. If you already have an established plumbing system, however, the costs to connect this toilet option may not offer as much usefulness. Because of its ease of use and portability, this is a technology worth considering if your home requires a new toilet.

The tipuana, or tipu tree, is a semi-evergreen which is native to the tropical forests of South America. It is grown because of its canopy which provides plenty of shade. The timber tends to be a white color, which is durable and fibrous when the tipu tree receives the care it requires.

It resembles characteristics of the ash family of trees, providing features which are similar to others in that family even though it is the only member of its own genus. In colder climates, the tree will shed all of its leaves at the end of the year. Then the helicopter-style seed packets reach the ground during the final months of winter.

Because of how beautiful the blooms can be, the tipu tree is often sought because it proliferates quickly and offers stunning looks throughout the year. It can also be invasive without proper care, taking over vast stretches of property in fewer than 3 seasons. That is why the pros and cons of owning a tipu tree must be considered carefully.

List of the Pros of the Tipu Tree

1. It provides adequate shade when the tree matures enough.
The tipu tree grows vigorously in environments it likes. There are some seasons of growth where the branches may reach 12 feet in length. That creates an effective shade barrier in warm, tropical climates where having protection from the sun is at a premium. It also loves full sunlight, which means you can plant it in locations where other trees may struggle to grow. If the growing zone is correct, you can even plant partial-shade plants underneath its canopy with success.

2. It grows to 30 feet rather quickly.
The tipu tree grows effectively in Zones 9-11 in the United States, which provides it numerous opportunities in the southern and coastal regions. Some homeowners as far north as coastal Washington could grow this tree in an environment it likes. The tipu tree, with proper care and pruning, may reach 30 feet in height within 5 years. Its growth is similar to that of a fast-growing woody vine.

If you live in Zone 9 and are thinking about tipu tree, then look to see if you’re in the USDA Zone 9a or Zone 9b. The winters in Zone 9a are sometimes rough on the tree, with an extended cold snap potentially freezing or killing it. Any location which offers the possibility of a -4 degrees Celsius temperature should avoid planting this tree.

3. It offers golden yellow flowers which begin blooming in spring.
The flowers of the tipu tree create golden blooms which last from mid-spring to the early days of summer in most climates. Little must be done to care for the tree to trigger a bloom, with the seasons taking care of the job once the root system establishes itself. Although the pedals do create the effect of a “golden carpet” once the tree begins shedding its leaves, advance planning to remove the debris makes the job easy.

For blooms that land on a lawn, using a mower with a catch bag will remove most of the pedals without difficulty. They are lightweight blooms too, so blowing them out of hardscape options is a simple task. If you live in the city, however, you may need to check on local rules about debris on the street to avoid potential issues.

4. It provides a unique look that kids love.
The tipu tree grows in a way that is perfect to climb as a kid. The bark is rough, providing plenty of grip as you move upward. It grows with branches that quickly gain strength, allowing easy upward mobility. Then you have the unique shade element of the tree, with its extensive canopy providing plenty of places to hide. With its dark green leaves, helicopter seed pods, and quick growth patterns, this tree grows up like children do – way too fast.

(Parents will love how the tree looks on their property also, assuming there is enough space for it to grow with its aggressive root base.)

5. It requires less water to reach maturity compared to other trees.
The tipu tree is surprisingly hardy, handling cold temperatures and salty soils with ease. It acclimates to drought conditions well too, assuming it has time to establish itself. For the first 2-3 years of life, frequent watering (between 2-4 waterings per week) to ensure the roots establish themselves correctly. Because it is a woody-type of a plant, it requires much less watering as it gets older. That is why these trees became popular in southern California over the past decade. It meets the low-water requirements established in many neighborhoods.

Tipu trees are known to survive for several weeks under drought conditions without any water.

6. It is a resilient tree which handles a variety of growing conditions.
The tipu tree loves to grow in difficult conditions, especially if you have some desert sun to offer it. At least 6 hours of direct sunlight is necessary each day to support its growth. Installing a drip system will take care of the tree in its first years. If you have clay in your soil, a standard fertilizer with nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus will help to take care of it. Just use fertilizer sparingly, as too much will produce weaker branches, fewer flowers, and leaves which fall off too early in the season.

7. It will attract wildlife to your yard.
Even though the blooms of the tipu tree are not fragrant, they still attract bees and butterflies to your yard. You’ll find that hummingbirds in the area like the trees as well. Because of its fast-growing nature and thick canopy, they’re a popular choice for nesting birds. If you hang a bird feeder from a low-hanging branch in your yard, you’ll find new activities to watch in no time at all.

8. It produces high-quality lumber which is useful for numerous projects.
The lumber produced by tipu trees is dense, thick, and strong when the tree matures. Sawmill operators sometimes compare working with this wood to dealing with concrete. That makes the wood useful in a variety of situations, from building to burning, and everything in-between. Although it requires skill to work with this commodity, the benefits of owning a tipu tree which is later used for other products offer unique potential which other tree species are unable to provide.

Cabinets and various furniture items made from tipu tree wood are highly prized around the world, especially when polished to preserve its unique, straight-grained tones.

9. It offers seeds which germinate quickly.
The seeds of the tipu tree retain their viability for several years if they are dried and stored at the local ambient temperatures of zones 9-11. This tree is different than other legume-type seeds, as it does not contain a hard coating, which means you’re not required to start a pre-treatment process to encourage germination. The full germination process takes between 10 to 30 days, depending on the conditions of the soil, the season, and access to water. Plant the trees in cool weather, then stake the trees to encourage upward, open growth until the root base establishes itself.

List of the Cons of the Tipu Tree

1. It leaves debris on the ground underneath it.
There are multiple layers of debris to consider when planting a tipu tree. The first issue is the abundant flowers which give the tree such a unique look when it blooms. When the pedals are shed from the tree, it leaves a huge mess on the ground which must be cleaned up to prevent injury. Daily chores along sidewalks, paths, and similar walkways are necessary underneath a mature tree.

The pests which like the tipu tree leave “honeydew,” or a protective amber coating, as they feed on the resources available to them. This sticky substance is slightly acidic, so it must be cleaned off of vehicles right away. Then there are all the leaves to clean up if the tree isn’t in an equatorial climate.

2. It builds from an invasive system.
South Africa classifies the tipu tree as a Category 3 invasive species. Because of how quickly it grows, the tree is not permitted anywhere except a biological control reserve unless it grew before the regulations were put into effect. Even then, there are specific rules about where the tree is permitted to grow, and active, documented attempts to prevent its spreading are required. Many countries think of this tree as something closer to an invasive weed than a tree.

3. It grows up to 100 feet in height.
The tipu tree requires a lot of space wherever it grows. Growth reaches 30 feet in only a few years, even if you planted it as a sapling. If given enough time, protected trees are known to reach heights which exceed 100 feet. The tree requires frequent pruning in its first 2 years of life to form the branch structures required for balanced growth and a strong root network. Do not plant the tree in a location where excessive shade could harm other plants or your garden for best results.

4. It offers a canopy which is extremely wide.
Many people plant tipu trees because of the shade potential it offers. When the tree is mature, the canopy may grow to over 50 feet in width. That size may create plenty of blooms to enjoy in the spring, but it also creates a bigger mess to clean up throughout the year. Even with smaller trees, the width of the canopy may exceed 20 feet in just a few years. You must plan out this size when planting saplings to prevent potential growth damage to structures on your property as unbalanced pruning could kill the tree over time.

5. It attracts an insect called the tipu psyllid.
The tipu tree attracts spittlebugs to it for feeding as it grows. Since 2008, an invasive insect called the tipu psyllid became active in southern California because of the presence of these trees in the region. The pests cause the leaves of the tree to curl up before the colder weather of fall, causing them to drop prematurely. Excessive infestations cause fouling of concrete and building structures. Vehicles in Brazil have been damaged because of this insect. Ladybugs are often introduced to high-population areas of this pest to prevent them from spreading as fast as the tree.

6. It grows with weak branches, requiring skilled pruning.
You must allow the tipu tree to achieve a full season of growth before pruning it. If you try to trim the canopy in the spring or summer, the response will be a red oozing from the branches which creates a sticky mess underneath. Wait until winter before shaping the tree to ensure it grows with strong branches.

When pruning the tipu tree, you must determine how you want it to grow. Focus on diseased or broken branches to create the desired canopy above. If you trim in a place where no branch is located, you’ll have multiple shoots grow. Keep your efforts to 25% or less of the tree to prevent stress that attracts more pests and damage. The bark is also sensitive to the sun, which could harm the tree if too many cuttings take place.

7. It offers a very aggressive root system.
The roots of the tipu tree grow quickly and aggressively to support its fast-growing structures. They spread out quickly to establish a firm base for the trunk. It is known to lift asphalt and concrete easily as it spreads. Planting a tipu tree near a home guarantees that some type of damage occurs unless preventative actions are taken to stop the root systems.

The primary recommendation is to dig a trench near property structures like a pool or house at least 1 meter deep. Then fill the hole with various building rubble, lining it with a thick plastic sheeting. Some experts recommend filling the gap with corrugated roofing sheets to prevent the roots from spreading.

8. It requires an ongoing energy source to survive.
Tipu trees do well when energy resources are available to it. Mature trees can withstand changing conditions with ease, but they require a return to their “normal” conditions at some point during the season. Ongoing drought, changes to soil consistency, or reduced sunlight exposure all create potential issues for the future health of the tree. Owners can simulate these conditions to a certain extent, with watering, fertilizer, and pest control, but without stability in all facets, the strength of the tree will begin disappearing over time.

9. It may create allergic reactions with exposure to its lumber.
The tipu tree offers a red, runny “sap” when it is cut for lumber. That substance also stains the wood as it is being worked, turning it into a faded brown color over time. Some people may find that they are allergic to the sap (similar to the reactions received from certain rosewoods), which may create respiratory and skin issues. Take precautions before working with this lumber, and check for reactions in family members if you intend to burn logs for heat in the home.

10. It requires a shallow planting to be successful.
Tipu trees grow successfully when they are planted shallow. If you plant them too deep, then the trees will begin losing their leaves prematurely. When combined with the stress of being planted as an older tree, the potential for harm is quite high. Make sure that you can see root flare coming from the base of the tree from where it’s planted for best results. Do not plant sod around the tree at all as the grass robs the tree of its resources. In desert conditions, consider mulching around the tree to ensure it retains enough water during its growing phase.

The pros and cons of tipu trees involve how fast it grows, how strong its root base becomes, and the overall invasiveness of its personality. If you have space to let these trees grow, they will provide you with plenty of shade in only a few years. You won’t believe how fast it can grow. Planting them in confined areas next to structures is a bad idea, however, because it can damage the foundation of a home very quickly.

Undercoating and rust-proofing are examples of offering protection and care to the underbelly of your vehicle. Even if you live in a warm climate where salt or ice-melting chemicals are not used on roadways, it is essential to protect against corrosion and rust on the underside of the car, truck, or SUV.

Even though the terms are used interchangeably, an undercoating applies to the exterior of the vehicle. Rust-proofing goes inside the vehicle. If you’re unsure of the service being provided, ask where the application will be.

All the moving parts underneath the vehicle must work in harmony to ensure your driving experience is safe. It is easy to forget about the elements you don’t see every day. That is why a vehicle undercoating provides you with the safety and functionality you need over a long-term basis.

Here are the pros and cons of having an undercoating installed to consider if you’re thinking about having this service performed on your vehicle.

List of the Pros of a Vehicle Undercoating

1. It provides a layer of protection against corrosion.
When an undercoating is properly applied to a vehicle, then you’ll be providing the underbelly with a layer of protection against rust and corrosion. Instead of contacting the metal components of the vehicle, the debris encounters the undercoating, which then proactively repels the dangerous items away. Although an undercoating will eventually wear out, it can provide years of protection against premature corrosion.

2. It will extend the life of your vehicle.
A proper undercoating extends the life of your vehicle because of its rust-stopping power. Corrosion does more than affect the integrity of the metals in your vehicle. It can get into your metal wires and cables, affecting any component which is comprised of steel or aluminum. Even your transmission and engine have exposure to rust when there isn’t a vehicle undercoating applied.

3. It can be applied to damaged areas.
Over time, the underbelly of your vehicle is going to develop nicks, chips, and scratches because of the debris you encounter while driving. Unlike older forms of undercoating, which included the use of asphalt and animal fat, modern products provide a real layer of protection because it can morph into the various areas of small damage.

A modern undercoating is usually wax-based, which creates a living barrier that your vehicle can use to promote a self-healing experience.

4. It can be self-applied.
Rustproofing works best when you have this service professionally applied to your vehicle. If money is tight, however, and you have some basic car maintenance skills, then you can do the work yourself.

If this service is applied at the dealership, it may cost up to $1,500, depending on the make and model of your vehicle. Some dealers include it in a package of services that are priced even higher. When you do the job yourself, then the cost can be less than $100 for cars and under $150 for trucks and SUVs.

Just keep in mind that you’re going to be creating a bit of a mess while applying a DIY undercoat.

5. There are multiple undercoating methods which can be used.
There are four different undercoating methods that are commonly used on vehicles which require this service. The electronic method is used when rust is present to stop its corrosive effect, which is a method that receives mixed reviews. A standard undercoating method applies a tar-like substance to the exposed components of the vehicle underbelly. A dripless oil spray applies a waxy substance that fills in the entire body of the vehicle, which hardens when it dries.

Then there is the drip-oil method, which may cause dripping for up to 48 hours when applied. From a cost perspective, it is this final option that is most often applied at the dealership.

6. The service might help with the cost of your insurance.
Vehicular insurance is based on risk. If you reduce the risks of a claim by giving your vehicle a proactive service, of which an undercoating applies, then it may lower your overall premiums. States which see high levels of corrosiveness, such as Hawaii, typically see the steepest discounts with this advantage. Northern and coastal states in the U.S. might also see this benefit.

Although the premium decrease won’t offset the cost of the service, a discount of 3% to 7% may be available for some owners.

7. It may help to reduce interior noise.
When you’re driving, the sounds of the road can be soothing if they aren’t too loud. For lightweight vehicles, the noise pollution can be overwhelming to the driver in some situations. Applying a layer of undercoating creates a barrier against the sound, which creates an interior that is quieter. After the service is performed, many drivers notice that audio levels are noticeably lower inside their vehicle.

List of the Cons of a Vehicle Undercoating

1. It won’t do anything about the corrosion which is already present.
For an undercoating to be effective, it must be in place before the underbelly of your car begins to rust. If you apply it over corrosion, you won’t be making an improvement. It will look better… until the rust breaks its way through the layer of undercoating you’ve applied. If you have rust present, then it must be removed, with the metal repaired, before the undercoating is applied for best results.

2. It works best on new cars.
If you’ve purchased a used vehicle, then the cost of preparing the underbelly for an undercoating might be more than the value of the car. You must remove all the residue from the bottom before it can be applied. Failing to do so will seal in the debris that is present already, which can lead to more problems. The best time to have an undercoating applied is when a vehicle is purchased new because it offers a superior level of protection then.

3. Most vehicles make it five years before corrosion begins to show.
For vehicle owners who purchase something new every 3 to 5 years, then rustproofing may not be a good use of your cash. Although an undercoating does add value to a used car, that only applies when the rustproofing product used provides a transferrable lifetime warranty. Most vehicles that are on the road today are able to make it five years before any corrosion begins to show. It may be 7 to 10 years before the functionality of the vehicle is negatively impacted by the lack of an undercoating.

If you wash your vehicle regularly, especially during the winter months, then you might be able to save the time and money required for this service.

4. A third-party undercoating service might void your vehicle’s warranty.
Some new cars no longer need the undercoating service provided because the structure of the vehicle has it built-in already. If you hire a third-party provider to apply an undercoating, you could void the corrosion-perforation warranty that is factory-provided. Most vehicles today that leave the factory floor are all provided with included rust-proofing.

If you are purchasing a used vehicle, an undercoating to a clean underbelly could extend the life of the vehicle and give it more value. For new vehicle purchases, you should ask the dealer what rustproofing options are included before paying for a separate undercoating option. Ask for documentation of what is provided instead of taking the word of the salesperson or the service personnel.

Many dealers have language in their terms and conditions that only written agreements are binding.

5. It adds weight to the vehicle.
Although the amount of weight added to a vehicle with an undercoating is minimal (between 10 to 20 pounds for most vehicles), there is an element of fuel economy to consider. When your vehicle weighs more, the distance you can travel on a single tank of fuel is reduced. The undercoating might reduce your efficiency by up to one mile per gallon, which creates an additional fuel cost over time that is worth considering.

6. An undercoating is not impervious to damage.
An undercoating can provide a hardened layer of protection against dirt and debris that may cause corrosion. Depending on where you drive, however, the lifespan of this product may be minimal. If you drive your vehicle on gravel roads or dirty areas frequently, you reduce the integrity of the protective layer.

You might find that your undercoating begins to chip off in as little as 25,000 miles because of this issue. Driving in a salty environment is not the only threat to the integrity of this product.

7. It must be reapplied every 3 to 5 years for best results.
The only way for an undercoating to provide ongoing protection for your vehicle is to have the service repeated frequently. Most owners can have a new layer applied in about 5 years without worrying about their underbelly being compromised. In salty or destructive environments, however, you may need to have a new undercoating applied every 3 years for best results.

The pros and cons of a vehicle undercoating offer a complex opportunity to protect some new and used cars, but not all new vehicles require it. You must perform your own due diligence on a vehicle you’re wanting to purchase to decide if this service is right for you. And, if cost is an issue, it is possible to apply your own undercoating, though such an action might void an active warranty.

Beach renourishment is a project which replaces sand (or other sediment) that is lost through erosion, longshore drift, or other reasons. By creating a wider beach with new sand, it becomes possible to prevent future damage to coastal structures. The new sand interacts with the waves in the surf zone to reduce the impact of very high tides, storm surges, and even tsunamis.

The first beach renourishment project in the United States was completed at Coney Island in 1923. It is now used around the world as a way to protect shorelines because of the effectiveness of this process.

Some beaches do not benefit as much from this type of project as others because of their location, the amount of submerged sand available, and other factors that may be present geographically. That is why these beach renourishment pros and cons must be carefully evaluated before beginning this type of project.

List of the Pros of Beach Renourishment

1. Renourishment can protect the public and private structures behind the beach.
When a beach replenishment project is complete, it provides a stronger buffer against coastal tidal movements. Even during strong surges, the sediment reduces the risk of a beach structure suffering a catastrophic incident. Over time, if tidal surges are repetitively strong, the shore ecosystem could eventually collapse. This project keeps the environment stable, which means it continues to support the economy in a variety of ways.

2. It widens the beach to create more usage opportunities.
When a beach is wider, it is usable by more people. That means businesses located at the shore of more revenue earning opportunities available to them. Adding sand reduces the physical hazards that can be found at the beach, create safe habitats for marine life, and reduce the risk of toxins spreading along the coast. When a renourishment project is successful, it can promote higher sustainability levels.

3. A safer environment for the public is created at the beach.
Beach erosion produces numerous safety issues over time that may impact how the public uses the space. Adding new sand helps to prevent sinkholes from forming along the coast. It creates more room to notice jellyfish that may wash ashore which could cause an injury. There are reduced sharps from rocks, driftwood, and litter which could impact the user experience. With proper structuring, a beach renourishment project may even reduce the threat of algae blooms along the shore.

4. The project helps to protect the ecosystem of the shore.
Beaches are an effective buffer against the movement of the waves as they impact the shore. Although there are coordinating protection structures that can help the beach, the nature of sand is that it will erode with any water movement. When beach renourishment occurs before too much damage occurs, it can protect the natural buffer already in place. That protects the coastline from high levels of natural erosion by maintaining or improving the current slope of the land heading out into the water.

5. It develops the foundation for a larger, permanent beach in the future.
When Hurricane Sandy struck the east coast, it wiped out the beach at Coney Island. Since the 1920s, beach renourishment projects have occurred here, helping to save the entertainment area from the fiercest storms that have hit the area over the century. Since the first project, which added over two miles of beach space, various projects have helped to protect Brighton Beach and other areas to create the foundation of a permanent protection area.

6. Beach renourishment can be used to create specific areas of risk reduction.
On Long Island, the Army Corps of Engineers has engineered, then built three different beaches which are intended to reduce the risks of erosion. Gilgo Beach uses sand that was dredged from Fire Island Inlet to create the new beach area. To help pay for the cost of the replenishment activities, entry fees are charged is someone hasn’t purchased a recreational permit to use the area. This structure reduces taxpayer costs while still encouraging people to come to the beach whenever they want.

7. Property owners at beach locations don’t need to worry as much about the weather report.
Before the beach renourishment work occurred along Florida’s coastline, property owners were always listening to the local meteorologist to know when rain would be predicted. They’d need to know how much the Gulf would swell, if their property would be flooded, and if they’d have beach access after the storm. Before the 1990s, even small storms impacted local businesses. Now that most projects are complete, the seawall is no longer seen as the last line of defense for the property. The new sand is now an additional tourism opportunity to enjoy.

8. There are economic benefits available when the project is finished.
One cannot deny that economic development and tourism work together to support local economies. Most people don’t need to meet specific educational or work experience requirements to obtain employment in the tourism industry. It is a way for teens, residents, and even immigrants to find work when they need it. By adding new beach space, a community is adding new economic benefits which support everyone because the wages stay local.

9. It may provide infrastructure benefits to the community.
Most communities today have building codes enforced which require new properties to be a minimum distance away from the shore. These rules were not in place several years ago, which means sewer pipes, power lines, potable water, and other infrastructure items may be close to the shore. Investing in a beach renourishment project helps to protect these prior investments, allowing the community to benefit from their continued service.

10. Beach renourishment supports recreational opportunities.
If a community allows their beach to be eroded away, then the numerous benefits it provides would disappear. Beaches do more than provide a buffer against the waves. It is a place where families head on warm days to enjoy swimming. You can safely go sunbathing when the beach is present. Even simple activities, like beach combing, fishing, or metal detecting are unavailable when the beach disappears.

11. It encourages new vegetation growth when the project is complete.
Beach renourishment projects which include adding new vegetation to the shore tend to be the most successful. When new plants are added to the ecosystem, they help to stabilize the tidal flats. That works to reduce the speed of the incoming waves. The combination of factors helps to slow the process of erosion while creating a new series of habitats for local wildlife. It also works to prevent flooding issues which may have caused the erosion in the first place.

List of the Cons of Beach Renourishment

1. It may be difficult to find materials that are similar to what is at the beach.
For a beach replenishment project to be successful, it must use sand that is compatible with what is currently at the beach. That’s why many projects pump sand from beneath the water’s surface locally. Even though it is wet and may have organic components in it, there is a guarantee of consistency. If the sediment is incompatible, then erosion issues may be enhanced. The correct size and material must be added, whether that is clay, silt, or sand, or the project to be successful.

2. When new sediments are added to the beach, it may bury marine life.
Marine life is adaptive. As the sand is drawn away from the shore, new ecosystems develop near the edge of the shore. Once you start adding new sand, an interruption occurs to the system. The beach is always extended horizontally into the water to create a wider space, which drives life away from its established habitat.

Nature will adapt to the new circumstances over time. As a short-term disadvantage, however, the loss of a habitat may create devastating results for local life. That disruption may continue with ongoing wave pattern changes or other changing shore life patterns which occur.

3. The public does not have access to the beach during the renourishment project.
When a renourishment project is taking place, the beach is no longer safe for public use. The equipment required to bring the sand to the shore, along with the reinforcement structures that are added, can shut down miles of beach all at once. For a business which bases its livelihood on the shoreline for its business, a prolonged restriction could lead to a potential bankruptcy.

Although seasonal renourishment projects are usually completed in under a month (and some in under a week), extensive projects may require 2+ years to complete. Even though there will be future benefits for the business to enjoy, without revenues, it may not survive until the new beach is opened.

4. Most locations require a repeated renourishment application for the work to be effective.
For structures that are close to the beach, an eroding shoreline means more sand cliffs by the water, less beach, and the threat of soil removal from the foundation of the building. Too much erosion could cause some of the properties to no longer be structurally sound. Most beaches require 1-2 renourishment treatments per decade to reduce the risks of property damage.

To enhance the effectiveness of this work, other structures must be added to support the renourishment project. Some beaches require a seawall to halt the water to prevent future erosion. Breakwaters can be installed to reduce wave strength or create jetties where the sand can be trapped. Each additional project comes with an added cost.

5. It is an expensive project to complete.
Beach renourishment offers a meaningful solution for a shoreline which struggles against a strong tide. It helps to stop erosion and prevent new issues at the same time. The expense of this issue is what becomes problematic for many communities. Using Panama Beach as an example, 840,000 cubic yards of sand were added to 4 miles of beach at the cost of $14.5 million in 2017. Six years before, the city added 1.3 million cubic yards of sand at a cost of $15.7 million. Another 3.3 million cubic yards were put in place in 2005 and 2006 at a cost of $23.5 million.

Now apply those costs to each beach which requires renourishment. Most of these projects are government-funded, which means local taxpayers are footing this bill.

6. Adding sand to the beach does not solve the problem of erosion.
When waves crash into the shore, it brings in some sand while taking some away with each movement. There are times when the beach will grow. In some locations, the opposite occurs, as the tides take away more sand than it brings back. Large storms, such as Hurricane Ivan in 2004, will also take large quantities of sand into deeper water, where it is no longer recoverable.

Beach renourishment will supply new sand to the beach, but it won’t solve the erosion problem. The tides and storms will still rip sand away, making many projects a temporary fix to a permanent problem. What protection is provided is often confined to a small area.

7. The work must be completed within a specific time for it to be effective.
Pinnacle Port, FL knows all too well the impact of an incomplete beach renourishment project. During Hurricane Ivan, the beach lost 4 feet of sand. After the storm, the city started a large renourishment project to add 3 million cubic yards of sand back to the beach along a 16-mile stretch. Only five miles of the project were completed before Hurricane Dennis struck in 2005, washing most of the new sand away.

Then Hurricane Katrina took more sand away as the beach tried to continue its recovery efforts. If the work isn’t completed before the next major erosive event occurs, you could lose all the work you just put in to save the beach.

8. There is a high energy cost to pay in addition to the capital cost.
Beach renourishment requires dredging or material transportation. You must then deposit the sand on the beach, then move it to an appropriate location. The entire removal, transportation, and finalization process creates costs which are not always calculated into the final figures of the project. Fuel charges, carbon releases, and potential wave changes caused by dredging all create potential issues which may need to be addressed.

9. Unintended consequences can be unpredictable with beach renourishment projects.
If you dredge the bottom of an offshore location, there is always a chance that you could change how the tides impact the beach. In severe instances, it is possible to change the direction the waves travel when they come close to the shore. When these situations occur, it may resolve an issue at one beach, but then it will cause a new problem at another location. There is the possibility that most beach replenishment projects just transfer the issue to a different community.

These beach renourishment pros and cons work hard to protect local ecosystems. A successful project protects property values, encourages new business opportunities, and better public access to the shore. Because of the cost and time involved in a replenishment project, it may not be suitable to save every beach using this method. That is why this type of work is usually approved by local authorities instead of through national oversight.