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Crystal Lombardo - Chief Editor

Crystal is the chief editor of the Green Garage Blog. She has been the lead editor of several major blogs throughout her impressive career. Please go here to send her a message.

Conservation easements are often used as a land protection tool. The purpose of using one depends on the character of the property in question. Each parcel of land brings with it several specific needs that may benefit from a lack of development in the future. You can improve water quality, foster healthy forest growth, improve wildlife habitats, and even protect a scenic vista.

The terms of a conservation easement are variable, but most include constrained subdivision development or an outright ban on building. It allows the land to remain in ownership while giving the owner consistent access which works with the overall conservation objectives.

This process is 100% voluntary. No one is forced into a conservation easement as a property owner. That remains the case even if the property is purchased or sold. Even the appraisals of the value held in the easement, and whatever financial arrangements were made, are kept private under most circumstances.

If you’re thinking about a conservation easement for your property, then here are the vital pros and cons to evaluate.

List of the Pros of Conservation Easement

1. You can customize a conservation easement to meet your needs.
Conservation easements are not inflexible rulings which change how you can manage your property in future years. They are completely customizable, depending on what your plans and goals happen to be for the space. You will decide how much development makes you comfortable with this option. If you want your relatives to use the land one day, then you can designate spaces for future building for your kids, grandkids, or other designated parties.

You and the land trust are always working together to ensure that an easement which benefits everyone involved applies to the property.

2. You do not create public access with a conservation easement.
It is not a requirement to allow public access to your property when seeking a conservation easement. That is another element of the customization process involved. It follows your needs as the owner of the property instead of making blanket declarations about what you can or cannot do.

There are times when some landowners do opt for public access as a condition of the easement, but this is rare and the exception more than the rule. What you are doing when conserving a property is to forego future development rights on your private land. You are not creating a public park with this option.

3. You are not giving the conservation easement to the government in most instances.
Most conservation easements are held by a non-profit land trust. These organizations are 501(c)(3) organizations designated by the IRS, similar to other NGOs and tax-exempt companies that provide charitable work. Although there are rare instances where a government entity does hold an easement, and your finances can be scrutinized or audited if something seems “fishy” with this choice, that happens with most transactions when you work with non-profits or make unusual changes to your financial profile.

4. You don’t need to have the land trust visiting you all the time.
You can also make it a condition of your conservation easement that your land trust doesn’t visit you repetitively to review the condition of the property. There is a requirement that a physical inspection must occur at least once per year if you opt for this designation. Most non-profits would consider anything more than that a waste of their resources, so they’re not going to push for multiple visits.

If you are concerned about this issue, then establish your expectations upfront during the negotiation process. Cover the details of what would happen during a monitoring visit. Most trusts will give you plenty of notice, respect your timing wishes, and work with you to make this a winning relationship.

5. You can still farm or ranch on your land with a conservation easement.
This advantage goes right back to the customization which is allowed when looking at the conservation easement process. If your property is agriculturally productive, then it makes sense to keep it that way. Have your ranching or farming activities incorporated into the easement so that it is reflective of your goals. What you are doing is creating a line of defense against the future development of this property in other ways.

You still get to be a farmer. The land you work won’t be turned into a new housing development.

6. You can financially benefit from a conservation easement even with a low income.
Even if you don’t have enough income to justify a conservation easement on the grounds of a tax benefit, there are other ways that you can financially benefit from this decision. Some land trusts will pay property owners if the parcel in question is of high enough importance. Grants and private donations allow them to purchase development rights directly from you, which means cash instead of a deduction or tax credit.

Easement purchases are a possibility too, although they are rarer than a donation, with a process that takes longer. Some states permit your conservation tax credits to be sold for cash, which means your donation can be monetized while high-income third parties can benefit from a credit at a discounted rate.

7. You might be able to change the conditions of the conservation easement.
When Fred and Linda Dowd purchased a Wyoming ranch in 1999, the property came with a conservation easement. It offered permanent restrictions on land use, making it available for agricultural use only. When mineral developers came to their property and started setting up rigs and pipeline, the Dowds went to the county commission to renegotiate the easement. They decided together to cancel the agreement, allowing the new owners to do whatever they wished with the land.

List of the Cons of Conservation Easement

1. You could overstate the value of the conservation easement.
When you claim the tax benefits for a conservation easement, either on the state or federal level, then you must file the appropriate forms which document the transaction. You must provide an appraisal if the deduction is larger than $500,000 when filing IRS Form 8283. Agencies are paying closer attention to this potential credit, ensuring that the values are not intentionally or accidentally overstated.

That means you must have a defensible appraisal of the land in question as part of the conservation easement process. This work creates an added cost that may come out of your pocket before reaching an agreement.

2. Your land may not qualify for a conservation easement.
You can only take advantage of a conservation easement from a financial standpoint if it meets one of the four categories of purpose as defined by the current IRS Code, found in Section 1.170A-14(d).

• You are preserving a relatively natural habitat of wildlife, fish, or plants.
• You wish to preserve forests or agricultural lands that have open spaces.
• You want to allow public access to a portion of your land.
• You are protecting the property in response to a clearly delineated governmental policy that is identified in local open-space plans.

The first two options in the bulleted list above are the ones which are used most often. Some property owners will opt for the public access stipulation if their land does not meet the first two qualifications. Only special circumstances permit the fourth option. That means if there is no public access benefit for your property, a conservation easement may not be possible.

3. You can choose the incorrect land trust.
There are fantastic land trusts out there which will work with you every step of the way to create benefits which are mutually advantageous. They are the ones which are bureaucratic, inflexible, or even confrontational with you about the property. You should always choose a land trust which offers a proven understanding of forestry practices or agricultural issues.

Your first option to avoid this disadvantage is to work with a non-profit certified by the Land Trust Accreditation Commission. Perform your due diligence when vetting the agency, however, because there are some personalities which will still rub you the wrong way. Then make sure that you can have a different land trust steward your property if you find irreconcilable differences with your first choice.

4. Your use of the property in question can change without a structured conservation easement.
Many landowners have found that how they use their property changes after a conservation easement – and not in a good way. You might not be allowed to use ATVs, snowmobiles, or other recreational motorized vehicles on the portion in question. Installing wind turbines or other economically viable technologies may be restricted. You might not have access to the inspection records of your property. There can be confidentiality breaches, including a public petition for structures or other land uses without your consent.

Although issues are rare because you are in control of the negotiating process before the final agreement is made, signing something without realizing what you’re giving up could create more problems than solutions for you.

5. You may find a limited selection of buyers available to you.
Land trusts, investors, and other buyers of properties governed by a conservation easement are discovering the many benefits of this relationship. Many potential suitors may want to use the property for their own purposes, however, and they don’t want to deal with the mess of having another party involved. When it comes time to sell your land, you might find that the pool of interested buyers has narrowed considerably for you.

Before finalizing your decision to create a conservation easement, work with your local land trusts and brokers to see what the current situation happens to be. Some markets see price increases because of this option because a guarantee on conserved land offers more value.

6. You may suffer from lender problems as a buyer.
The banking community does not always understand the pros and cons of conservation easements. They’re often viewed by lenders as a hurdle to the purchasing process instead of something that benefits the property. Some landowners have found that trying to refinance their land with an easement in place becomes virtually impossible. You might encounter an onerous appraisal or bank terms with your lending agreement if one is authorized. These issues can then make it a challenge to buy or sell, increase the cost of these actions, or obtain future financing.

7. You may not stop all forms of development.
When you own property in the U.S. West, there are various rights that you purchase with that agreement. This structure includes oil and gas rights, mineral rights, or even water rights. If you create a conservation easement to use the land for agricultural purposes, that agreement does not automatically cover what lies underneath the ground. Agreements which involve “forever” can place property owners into a sticky situation at times. If the land use needs change, and you’re not permitted to change with it, then the value of your usable land might decrease to nothing.

These conservation easement pros and cons look at the benefits of setting land aside for nature and awareness instead of development. You can take a tax write-off for the benefit when approved while still having access to your property. Although any land-use agreement offers the potential of a nightmare scenario, most property owners find that the benefits far outweigh whatever financial risks come with this opportunity.

Patio covers are an easy way to add sophistication to your backyard. You’ll also receive protection from the elements when enjoying the outdoors, improved furniture life, and an improvement in your design elements. This structure gives more accessibility to your patio too, which creates a bridge between your indoor and outdoor living experiences.

There are two options to consider if you’re looking at a patio cover today: Alumawood and regular wood.

When you compare Alumawood vs wood patio covers, you will find several pros and cons to consider. The lattice covers made from the brand name offer a visual aesthetic which is similar to that of regular wood, but with the added improvement of being more resistant to the elements without being overly expensive.

Here are the critical points of comparison to review.

List of the Pros of Alumawood vs Wood Patio Covers

1. Alumawood comes with a better warranty.
Alumawood is aluminum which is manufactured in such a way that it replicates the look and feel of a regular wood patio cover. It is painted and embossed to increase its resilience to your local weather conditions. This results in a low-maintenance shade cover which will outlast the pressure-treated wood used for traditional covers.

It is such a durable product that Amerimax, its manufacturer, backs the product with a limited lifetime warranty. Even if a defect is discovered 15 years after the installation, repairs and refinishing work (or replacement) is possible with a labor and/or shipping charge. If a valid warranty claim occurs after 16 years, you’ll receive a 50% refund of the original wholesale cost of the item.

2. Alumawood is a waterproof product.
Because Alumawood is manufactured aluminum, caring for the product is easy. If the patio cover gets dirty, then you can just hose it off. The covers are put together with a gentle slope that moves away from your home. That means any precipitation you receive will funnel away from the structure. If you connect it to your home, then they’ll slope toward your gutter and collection system to prevent flooding issues.

If you do experience dripping or leaks once the Alumawood patio cover is installed, then some extra flashing or caulking will typically resolve the problem. Issues with water movement are resolved without charge during the first year after purchase.

3. Alumawood does not rot like wood.
If you purchase pressure-treated lumber to create your wood patio cover, then the product will have a useful life of about 10 to 20 years. The warranty period is much shorter for the wood too, while a 1996 study published in Forest Products Journal on the use of pressure treatment for wood suggests that the degradation of wood used in outdoor applications begins in as little as 24 months.

That’s why Alumawood is a superior option. It does not rot like wood does because it isn’t an organic product. You’ll still get something which looks like wood, which you and your guests will love, but without the same care and maintenance costs over the product’s lifetime.

4. Alumawood does not rust.
The only steel products used in the Alumawood patio coves are the screws which hold it together. These items are either galvanized to prevent corrosion, painted, or installed inside the product to receive moisture production. You can choose from a variety of different colors with this product, including sand, white, grey, or beige. Each authorized retailer for this product can take you through the available selections.

Although you have multiple color options with a wood patio cover too, one must apply paint or stain to the product. That color will eventually fade, whereas the Alumawood product continues to look strong all year long.

5. Alumawood patio covers are designed to be built to code.
All the patio covers manufactured using Alumawood are designed with the Uniform Building Code in mind. The building process follows the specifications recommended in the engineering plans created by the vendor of the product. These plans are ICBO-approved. They also meet the building codes of every state in the U.S. at the time of this writing.

Some cities have specific building codes that may prevent aluminum construction, especially in larger communities, so check with the appropriate office first about what you can or cannot do.

6. Alumawood withstands heavy wind conditions.
When an Alumawood patio cover is correctly installed, then it will withstand winds that reach at least 115 miles per hour. Some models can withstand wind speeds of up to 150 miles per hour. That means your cover could withstand the winds of a Category 4 hurricane if one blew over your property.

Some wood patio covers receive a similar wind rating, although their ability to withstand windspeeds of up to 150 miles per hour is with a three-second gust only.

7. Alumawood offers a lot of flexibility.
Because you’re working with manufactured aluminum for your patio cover, you’ll find that this product offers more flexibility when compared to wood. That means you’re no longer forced to stick with short spans and simple designs for your final product. The Alumawood covers longer spans without requiring additional post reinforcements, size changes, or other adjustments that wood needs for a successful installation. That means you can cover a larger deck with a potentially lower cost with this product option.

8. Alumawood comes in several different gauges.
There are various thickness levels available when you choose an Alumawood patio cover, just as there are if you were to select wood for this project. You can opt for whatever gauge of metal necessary to complete your final design. Each patio cover should be built to the specifications listed in the engineering tables with upgrades placed wherever needed to accommodate the requirements of your property. You can choose whatever gauge you want, assuming it meets the minimum building standards of the vendor, as those are based on the international building codes.

9. Alumawood allows you to hang lights or plants from it.
Most potted plants or lights will not put undue stress on an Alumawood patio cover. The 3×8 pieces, or even the 2×6 slats, are strong enough to support a 50-pound potted plant with relative ease. Because this is an aluminum product, however, any movement of your additional installations can create premature wear-and-tear on the cover that is challenging to correct when compared to wood. You should work with an aluminum-based hanger to prevent scraping and premature fading.

10. Alumawood provides plenty of shade.
You can choose to have a solid ceiling cover with an Alumawood product to receive complete shade and protection when heading outside. You can opt for a lattice cover with short spacing that offers 50% shade when the sun is overhead, but over 90% shade for most of the day. You can also increase or decrease the spacing in your design based on the amount of shade you wish to receive with this installation.

11. Alumawood patio covers weigh less.
The weight of an Alumawood patio cover is much less than that of a wood product, with a final weight of about 125 pounds for most designs. When treated boards for wood are fully dry, you can expect a weight of about 0.25 pounds per cubic foot. That means you receive a product which is lightweight, easy to manage, simple to maintain, and it will last a lot longer than even the best pressurized wood. That’s why many homeowners look at this option as a prime investment when upgrading their property.

List of the Cons of Alumawood vs Wood Patio Covers

1. Alumawood costs more than most wood patio covers when installed.
You can expect a price of anywhere between $12 to $20 per square foot installed when you choose an Alumawood patio cover for your home. Most wood patio covers are going to be cheaper to install for you. The only exceptions would be if you purchased a cedar or a redwood product for your cover, as these are more expensive per square foot installed.

That means a standard 20 feet by 20 feet patio cover using Alumawood could cost up to $8,000, depending on the labor costs charged in your location.

2. Alumawood requires a building permit.
Before you begin the installation of an Alumawood patio cover, you must check with the city’s building department to determine if permits are needed for the work. Some cities do require a permit for a patio cover, while others sometimes need one if it reaches a certain size. If you live in San Diego, CA for example, then you would need a permit if the patio cover is over 300 square feet in size.

Some homes can replace an existing patio cover with Alumawood products using the existing permit they have. If you’re not sure about this potential disadvantage, then check with your local contractor or vendor to see if one must be obtained.

3. Alumawood may not be approved by your HOA.
Homeowners’ Associations do not always approve of the use of an aluminum patio cover. You must read through your rules to determine what is currently permitted on your property. Older HOAs sometimes have a rule which states that no aluminum patio covers are allowed at all because of the old corrugated products used in generations before. You might be able to change the rules by showing them how Alumawood looks when completed, but do not start a project if there is a rule against it because that may encourage large fines, or even a lien, against your property.

4. Alumawood does not support the weight of a porch swing.
If you like the idea of having a porch swing underneath your new Alumawood patio cover, then you’re going to be out of luck. Only pressure-treated wood of an appropriate thickness is suitable for this property need. Some consumers have successfully hung swings from 3/8-inch Alumawood rafters in the past, but this action is not supported by the manufacturer or its authorized dealers.

If you were to damage your new patio cover by installing a swing, it could void your warranty.

5. Alumawood makes more noise when it rains.
The one issue that bothers even Alumawood patio cover owners is that the metal creates an impact sound whenever it rains. Despite installers suggesting that the sound could lull you to sleep, this noise is greater than what you’d encounter with a wood cover. It would be like the difference of rain falling on an asphalt roof compared to it coming down on one made of metal. There are some people who will find this disadvantage to be bothersome and disruptive.

These Alumawood vs. wood patio covers pros and cons offer a comparative perspective when choosing something new for your background. You can get the benefits of aluminum while enjoying the look of wood. If it bothers you that this product doesn’t offer real wood for your cover, then it may not be right for you. If you want a patio cover which provides long-term durability and low maintenance requirements, then speak with your local authorized dealer for an estimate.

EGR stands for “exhaust gas recirculation.” You can purchase EGR delete kits to improve the performance of your diesel engine. EGR systems will reduce the nitrous oxide emissions because it recirculates some of the exhaust gases through the engine intake. This process keeps the engine cool while maintaining a strong fuel efficiency profile.

There are EGR kits available for numerous diesel engines, including those manufactured by Cummins, Power Stroke, and Duramax.

List of the Pros of EGR Delete Kits

1. This kit installs easily on most diesel engines.
Most diesel engines use an EGR valve which develops high soot content over time. This development blocks proper air flow into the engine while increasing the risk of having a deposit reintroduced into the engine. Installing the software from an EGR delete kit will bypass this valve, which will work to restore power to the engine. Most kits will help diesel engines begin performing close to their original results immediately.

2. You can improve your fuel efficiency with an EGR delete.
When you can restore the power levels to your diesel engine, then you’re also restoring its overall fuel efficiency. You’re now sending the exhaust gas away from the engine when using an EGR delete kit, which means it begins to run cleaner. That makes the process more efficient while reducing the risk of a diesel particulate filter failure. You may see up to a 20% increase in your fuel economy when using this product option while promoting improved longevity of the engine at the same time.

3. This kit can lower the temperature of your engine.
When the coolers or valve of the EGR system get clogged with soot, then the exhaust gases begin to circulate more often in the system. This blockage causes temperatures to rise around the engine. When you bypass this part of the design, then you can produce lower exhaust gas, levels, which promotes a lower engine coolant temperature during operation.

4. It works on modified diesels too.
The clogging of the EGR system occurs on modified diesel engines just as it does for those which are not modified. Using the delete kit will create the same results, no matter what type of engine you use for your vehicle. Although this process may cause additional clogging issues for some engine types, most owners find that the EGR delete kit will solve their performance issues while improving their gas mileage at the same time.

5. The kits can be very affordable for some vehicles.
There are EGR delete kits available for $50 or less with some vehicles. Although this product option won’t take care of the larger, modern diesels that are dealing with some issues, small passenger cars can benefit from this process.

Another option to consider here is to turn off your EGR through the tuning. If you do things this way, then you don’t even need to unplug the unit. That makes this job a lot easier, which reduces the risk of something going wrong. This option is technically a “EGR disable” instead of a delete, but the option still works.

List of the Cons of EGR Delete Kits

1. An EGR delete kit can increase your exhaust gas temperature.
Diesel engines typically cool the exhaust gases generated, then recirculate them back into the system. When you bypass this feature with an EGR delete kit, then the exhaust remains hot. That can cause the exhaust gas temperature to rise, which can impact the overall efficiency of your engine’s cooling system.

Because the gases stay in the engine, this also increases the chances of oil fouling because there is no way to remove the contaminants. Some engines may benefit more from an EGR valve replacement than this kit.

2. This kit is not street legal in the United States.
If you want to purchase an EGR kit for your vehicle, then you must keep in mind that this option is not a street-legal modification. It does not complete with the current Federal emission regulations which govern engine use today. That does mean you can use it for off-road driving if you wish, but that creates its own set of limitation. You can clog an EGR system because of recirculating soot just as easily as your coolers and valves get blocked during regular vehicle operations.

3. It doesn’t prevent the EGR system from being stuck in an open position.
If you bypass the system with an EGR delete, you can take advantage of the situation when you’ve got the coolers or valve clogged. When the system is stuck in an “open” position, which is another way EGRs can go bad, then the engine will still struggle to start for some users. You’ll notice the vehicle struggling to stay engaged when you’re idling with it too. If your vehicle works fine at highly speeds or high RPMs, but it struggles when you’re sitting, then an EGR delete kit will not improve this situation.

4. You will fail your state’s emission tests.
If you choose to use an EGR delete kit on your vehicle as a way to bypass your system, then you are 99.99% guaranteed to fail your emissions tests if they’re required by the state. It is also a federal crime in the United States to do this to your vehicle at the time of this writing. Although jail time is not part of the equation, you could face a fine of more than $10,000, depending on your vehicle, the engine, your location, and how much you drive.

5. It may reduce your overall horsepower.
The EGR delete kits are often thought about when using an older diesel engine. There are design issues with the previous generation of products that allowed a bypass to make more space for clean air in the combustion chamber. With better air, you would theoretically have a more efficient power source. Modern diesels can struggle to take advantage of this design change, which means you might have less horsepower with which to work instead of more when using this product.

6. You create your own EGR delete with a blocked valve.
If your EGR valve is already blocked with soot, then you’ve created an EGR delete without the need to install a kit. That’s why some owners choose to just keep the valve instead of run with the delete kit. There are no real performance advantages experienced by the average engine, though there are few adverse effects for most owners when operating an EGR delete kit too. Because there tend to be more risks and legality concerns with this modification, however, the recommendation is to use them at your own risk.

7. It can cause your engine to start knocking.
Use the EGR delete can cause some engines to begin knocking once the modification work is complete. Some of this issue is due to the change in the temperature profile of the engine. You can also create a knock because the quality of oil that runs through the engine degrades faster than normal. If this issue continues without being addressed, then it may increase the wear-and-tear on your engine or even cause it to end its life cycle prematurely.

8. The cost is as much as your typical EGR valve.
You’re going to pay about $200 for an EGR delete if that’s the path you decide to pursue. If you pay someone to do the install for you, the cost could run upwards of $1,000 on some vehicles. That price is comparable to what you’d pay for an EGR valve replacement, especially since you won’t need to flush the radiator or install a new coolant filter like you do if you pursue this option.

If your basic need is just the EGR valve because it is clogged, you could save up to 50% by just replacing it instead of option for the delete kit.

These pros and cons of an EGR delete require a careful evaluation. There are potential legal complications if you make this modification on a vehicle you drive on the street. If you use it for off-road driving, then the environment becomes a concern for your diesel engine too. You’ll receive more power, lower temperatures, and a better performance on most, but not all, vehicles equipped with this option, so it is up to you to determine if this product will meet your current and future needs.

The catalytic converter is responsible for the ignition and burning of engine exhaust gases which remain after the initial reaction occurs. This product became standard equipment in the U.S. for all vehicles with the 1975 model year. They help the exhaust gases become cleaner without a significant impact to the performance of the vehicle.

The catalyst in this device uses platinum and palladium to turn the initial exhaust created by the engine into gases which are less harmful to the environment. Each vehicle releases hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides during the combustion process. The catalytic converter then turns the carbon monoxide into carbon dioxide while the hydrocarbons become CO2 and water. The nitrogen oxides become oxygen and nitrogen.

Although this is a clear benefit compared to what is normally created, the high levels of carbon dioxide still create a greenhouse gas issue. If you remove the catalytic converter, then this conversion process disappears.

Here are some of the other pros and cons associated with the removal of a catalytic converter.

List of the Pros of Removing a Catalytic Converter

1. You can generate more horsepower without it.
Once the catalytic converter is removed from a vehicle, some models do experience a significant increase in power. This advantage occurs because the unit creates a source of back-pressure on the engine. It uses constriction as a way to impact the exhaust gases before they leave the vehicle’s system. Since the gas releases through the exhaust with added speed when the catalytic converter is not present, the engine can perform with its maximum potential since there is nothing left to hold it back.

2. You can achieve better gas mileage.
Since the catalytic converter places a strain on the engine with its constrictive design, it must work harder to achieve the same energy than it does without the device in place. Removing it lessens this burden, creating a net effect where the engine can perform significantly better without working as hard. That means you receive an improvement in fuel consumption which translates to an improvement in your overall fuel economy.

3. You can operate the engine at a lower temperature.
When constriction occurs during the exhaust process, the extra work that the engine does to generate power creates more heat under the hood. By removing the catalytic converter, you remove this constriction, which means you can operate at a lower operating temperature. You’ll experience the benefits of less friction and load with the unit gone too, which can reduce the overall wear-and-tear on the vehicle over time.

4. You can have your exhaust sound better.
The catalytic converter works like a muffler on the average vehicle. Its job is to reduce the impact of the gases emerging from the engine due to the combustion and burning of fuel. This action muffles the sound of your exhaust in combination with the muffler on your vehicle. When the catalytic converter is no longer present, then the sound your vehicle emits is healthier, deeper, and quite distinctive.

5. You have access to more fuel options.
Up until the 1990s, fuel stations in the United States offered leaded and unleaded gasoline for sale. That’s because the presence of a catalytic converter eliminated the option of using a leaded fuel. When you take away this device, you have access to several additional high-performance fuel options for your engine that you wouldn’t be able to use otherwise. If you were to run leaded fuel through a catalytic converter, it would destroy the materials inside, rendering the vehicle useless.

6. You can take on this task at home.
Anyone with some decent car sense and a few tools can take care of removing their catalytic converter at home. All you need to do is follow these three steps.

• Uncouple the O2 sensor on your vehicle. You can do this if you have an O2 wrench available. Most auto parts stores have them or you can order one online.
• Pull off the catalytic converter next, separating it from the exhaust system. You’ll need to unbolt the device first, then slide it down your exhaust pipe. Some units are welded to the vehicle, so you’ll need to saw it off.
• Restore the exhaust system by creating a straight pipe to facilitate removal of the exhaust gases.

List of the Cons of Removing a Catalytic Converter

1. You cannot perform this action legally in several U.S. states.
You must follow a specific process to legally remove your catalytic converter in the United States. These guidelines are offered through 1986 rules that were issued by the Environmental Protection Agency. Several states, such as California, have strict laws on the books which prohibit the removal of a catalytic converter under most circumstances. Unless you know for certain what the outcome would be, speak with your mechanic about the pros and cons of removing this item before doing it on your own.

Federal law in the United States prohibits the removal of a catalytic converter which is functioning properly. A replacement converter is permitted if there is a documented failure of the original one. Serious fines may result if your vehicle is found to be without this device.

2. You may trigger a fault code in your vehicle.
Removing the catalytic converter may create a circumstance where you trigger a fault code in your vehicle. If you have a check engine light, then this will illuminate on your heads-up display. Although you can get around this issue on some vehicles by fitting a spacer on your downstream O2 sensor (the lambda sensor), there is a risk that normal functionality does not return. That would make it a challenge to track actual faults through this warning light.

3. You would create an emissions concern.
The goal of the catalytic converter is to remove the high levels of carbon monoxide created through fuel combustion to replace it with carbon dioxide. You want this device to scrub these gases for you because they contribute to global warming issues, acid rain, ocean acidification, and other forms of environmental damage.

There is the concern that the fumes from your exhaust could reach the vehicle cabin too. If you have an exhaust leak or you drive with the windows down, your lungs won’t appreciate the carbon monoxide. It may do more than induce a headache. It could create life-threatening situations in some circumstances.

4. You will create more noise when you drive.
Although the sound of an engine which is not held back by a catalytic converter sounds healthy, it can also become unhealthy from a noise perspective. If you have the windows down and the engine full, you might exceed 110 decibels without this device. Any noise above 85 decibels is potentially dangerous to your hearing health. Even if the noise isn’t bothersome after the unit is gone, the lack of noise suppression may interfere with conversations, becoming annoying after a lengthy drive, or cause noise complaints while you idle at home.

5. You will pay more for fuel without a catalytic converter.
The catalytic converter does more than convert harmful gas into something less dangerous. It also squeezes a better fuel economy out of most vehicles. Once you remove this device, you’ll discover that your miles or kilometers per gallon will go down. Boosting your acceleration profile comes at a price. You’ll consume more oil too since the engine requires more support, so the cost of maintaining the car could rise because of this decision.

6. You won’t pass a visual inspection for your vehicle.
If your vehicle must go through an emissions test, then it is essential to remember that there is a visual test in addition to the performance evaluate. When there isn’t a catalytic converter as part of your exhaust system, then your car will fail. Testers are usually required by law to report failures like this, which means an uncomfortable conversation will be waiting for you when you try to drive away. A failure may cause your vehicle to be impounded too.

7. You will lose your low-end torque without a catalytic converter.
The catalytic converters in the past were very restrictive because the exhaust coming from the combustion process was extremely toxic. Modern engines create less of an impact, which means the device creates almost the same effect as a straight pipe for the average vehicle on the road today that is less than 10 years old. If you decide to remove the catalytic converter, then you’ll experience a loss in your low-end torque while operating the vehicle. Your horsepower gains will be slightly better when you run full out. Since this is only legal for off-road vehicles, the benefits may not be the type you want.

The pros and cons of removing the catalytic converter from a vehicle involve performance and aesthetics at the cost of dangerous gas production. Most modern vehicles that are used for daily driving will see a minimal change to their performance by getting rid of this device. You’ll be paying more for fuel if it is gone while running the risk of fouling the air in your cabin. That’s why choosing this course of action is something that you do at your own risk.

If your vehicle comes with a resonator, then it will cancel out a specific range of sound frequencies when you go through the acceleration process. The sound waves have specific amplitudes which this device cancels out. Each vehicle comes with its own range that gets removed from the final process, usually choosing the sounds which are the least pleasant to hear.

Most resonators cancel out the harsh ranges and sounds where your exhaust notes would produce a loud droning sound, an irritating buzz, or a high pitch which could trigger headaches or other health issues.

Some resonators will make your exhaust sound aggressive and loud. A Ford Mustang uses a design which is almost a straight pipe without a catalytic converter to create its unique sound. They offer less baffling than other modifications, don’t reroute the exhaust gases, or create a compression factor for the engine. That means you have more horsepower available to you because the gases flow freely.

If you’re thinking about a resonator delete to change the exhaust composition of your vehicle, then these are the pros and cons to look at more closely.

List of the Pros of a Resonator Delete

1. It will change the sound profile of your exhaust.
Many vehicles experience a deeper, more authentic sound when equipped with a resonator delete package. Since the main function of this device is purely cosmetic, nothing happens to your vehicle when changing the noise profile. If you have a pretty big muffler attached to the vehicle too, then the changes could be minimal. You’ll just hear more of the frequencies which would normally be blocked by the device.

2. It will reduce the weight of your vehicle.
If you pull the resonator off your vehicle for good, then you’ll reduce the overall weight profile. A lighter vehicle will give you a slightly better fuel economy under most circumstances. The change is mostly for sound. You might be able to achieve an extra mile per gallon under a best-case scenario.

When you’re looking for a true performance gain, then take off the muffler too. Replace it with a high-quality option like those produced by Carlsson or Brabus to generate results. Most owners find, however, that their current muffler already maximizes their results, with or without the resonator delete.

3. It will usually eliminate the drone once you reach speed.
One of the primary complaints about the exhaust profile once you use a resonator delete is that a drone-like sound comes from the vehicle as you accelerate. It can be a loud, annoying pitch on some vehicles, this is true. Once you reach your cruising speed, however, the sound typically vanishes. Expect the noise to be present when punching on the gas, then enjoy the quiet once you reach your speed.

That can be a disadvantage if you do a lot of city driving, like a daily commute to work. Most people do like the sound profile, so it is often worth the small investment.

4. It comes at a minimal cost.
Most vehicles can have a resonator delete completed for $100 or less, even at the shop. The only cost issue to consider is if you must cut out the device, then weld a new straight pipe to replace it. That can push the cost upwards of $300 in some regions. There aren’t many modifications that will alter your sound profile in a positive way like this one does, which is why it’s worth considering.

5. It is generally legal modification on most vehicles.
You can quickly determine if a resonator delete is legal based on where its location is on your vehicle. Anything that happens in front of the catalytic converter is not permitted in the United States. If you mod something after the cat, then it is generally legal – assuming that it doesn’t change the emissions profile of the vehicle. You will still need to check with your local state or jurisdiction before completing this process.

Some states and cities do not allow any modification to a factory exhaust system.

6. It could experience a small horsepower gain, depending on your circumstances.
The resonator delete can sometimes improve your overall horsepower rating if there is heavy buildup within your vehicle’s exhaust system. Your goal is to create a little back pressure on the engine to create better efficiencies, but not create something that is close to a blockage.

If there is soot or other forms of building up within the device, then the resonator delete with a straight pipe will remove it, helping you to at least restore the engine to its original horsepower rating. Expect a maximum boost of about 5 horsepower for most vehicles in the best-case scenario.

7. It creates a clean appearance for the underbelly.
The exhaust system is necessary for maximum performance. Some drivers have an issue with the way their resonator combines with their muffler(s). It can sometimes look clunky and unsightly, which is not a situation you’d want if your plans include showing the car. By going through the resonator delete process, you can clean up the underbelly to help it look more appealing. The straight pipes tend to look a lot better than the device that some people mistake as their muffler.

8. It allows you to keep your current setup for the muffler.
If you decide to proceed with a resonator delete, then you get to keep the muffler profile. That even means you can stick with a dual exhaust if you want. Some models might need to have a Y pipe at the end to make things work, but the mod creates a minimal impact on the overall system. Then you’ll receive a sound that is deeper and throaty in return.

9. It can modernize the systems of older cars.
Most of the benefits that you’ll find associated to a resonator delete come from owners who updated an older vehicle using an archaic exhaust system. When you remove the resonator, high engine speeds will create strong performance gains after this modification. Old cars perform even better when there is a muffler delete that works with the resonator delete. Since the vehicle sounds more like a muscle car once you’re finished with this work, you receive a series of benefits which are difficult to ignore.

10. It doesn’t require additional maintenance once complete.
Once you’ve finished your resonator delete project, then you’re finished with your exhaust system. There’s no need to come back to it for inspections or repairs, especially if you’re working with an older vehicle. Although you might encounter some warning lights on newer models with this mod, it doesn’t typically impact the mechanical performance. If you do find performance issues after completing this project, it’s easy enough to restore the exhaust system back to its original condition too.

11. It comes available in several variants.
An excellent example of the variants available with a modern resonator delete kit comes from the S550 Mustang GT from 2015-2017. It’s a popular modification on this model because of the way the exhaust is set up. You just cut and clamp, which then dramatically changes the tone of the exhaust without being overly expensive. This option is available with the X-Pipe and H-Pipe variants. You can pair the resonator delete with almost any axle back, stock mufflers, or anything OEM to have heads turn when you drive by.

List of the Cons of a Resonator Delete

1. It will cause more droning sounds to occur while you drive.
The primary benefit offered by the resonator is that it takes away the droning sounds which a vehicle creates when traveling long distances at high speeds. Once you hit the 3k to 4k RPM range, you’ll notice it begin to develop. As you increase your acceleration profile, the sound on some vehicles begins to resemble something more akin to a screech or high-pitched whistle. You might notice more of a rattle, vibrato, or tone that could be bothersome while driving too if you opt for the resonator delete.

2. It will cause you to lose some engine efficiency.
The exhaust resonator improves the overall performance of your engine. It creates a smoother driving experience when you’re at the wheel, allowing the engine to produce a maximum level of horsepower without using too much fuel to do so. Some vehicles experience a small drop in their fuel efficiency when the resonator delete kit is used because the engine is forced to work a little harder to create the results that you want. The impact is minor, but if your aim is for maximum impact, this disadvantage might come into play.

3. It can impact your power production
A resonator delete changes the way that the pulses generated by your vehicle move through the exhaust system. Think of this device as if it were a large echo chamber. It takes those pulses, optimizes their frequencies, and this makes it possible to achieve better power production. Taking this away makes the engine work harder too, so not only are you losing some of your fuel efficiency, there’s some power loss to contend with as well. It might look and act like a muffler, but it does much more than that too.

4. It makes you lose the signature sound of your vehicle.
Many vehicles, from a Ferrari to a Ford F150, have a distinctive sound which allows them to be recognized when you’re out on the road. If you incorporate a resonator delete package as a modification, then you’ll shift this profile. Although there aren’t emissions issues with which to contend like other mods, changing the tone could make it more of a challenge when you decide that it is time to sell the vehicle in the future.

5. It can reduce the speed of your exhaust flow.
Modern vehicles have part of the combustion cycle involve the pistons. They push the exhaust gas used by the engine out of the chamber before filling up with fresh air and fuel. The resonator exerts an additional force on this process, helping the gases move faster through the system. It uses the sound waves from the device to evacuate the combustion chamber, moving the exhaust through the pipes, then eventually out of the muffler. Stronger waves create a better vacuum. You’ll lose that if you choose a resonator delete.

6. It offers a minimal weight reduction in even extreme circumstances.
Let’s use the most extreme circumstance of a resonator delete for this example. Let’s say the device weighs about 100 pounds. With the average mod, you’re going to achieve an 80% weight loss from this one item only. That means you’re taking the system down to 20 pounds. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, taking 100 pounds out of a vehicle will increase your fuel economy by between 1% to 2%. That equates to about $0.05 per gallon for the average vehicle.

Now let’s say on a full tank of gas, you’re going to put in 15 gallons. That means your cost savings equates to about $0.75. You must reduce the weight profile of your vehicle by 10% to achieve a 4% mileage boost. You could get better results by running on a half-tank of fuel instead with some vehicles.

7. It could impact your warranty.
If your vehicle is still covered by a warranty, then making a change to the overall exhaust system could void it. Some repairs are costly (like a transmission replacement), so if your entire warranty is canceled because of a resonator delete, then the risk isn’t worth the raspy reward of a purer sound. You can avoid this disadvantage by using this option with an older vehicle. Then you’ll be the person who has the car or truck that everyone hears when you start it up to go somewhere. That can be a problem in some neighborhoods too.

8. It might trigger your check engine light.
Because the resonator delete is part of the back end of the exhaust system, removing the device can sometimes impact the performance of your catalytic converter. When that occurs, you can sometimes trigger a check engine light warning or a code in your system because there are back pressure changes which occur. Although you won’t fail the emissions test because you haven’t removed the cat, you might find it more of a challenge to find someone to service your vehicle for basic services.

This disadvantage is especially prevalent in the newer model cars out there. You’ll lose the flow advantages that were built into the vehicle too.

9. It could create some idling issues.
Most idling issues for a vehicle, especially an older one, are due to a catalytic converter under-performing. If there isn’t enough back pressure placed on the engine, then it may try to stall on you when your foot isn’t on the gas pedal. Although the risk of this disadvantage happening from a single resonator delete mod is quite low, it is still a possibility on a vehicle which hasn’t seen much in the way of exhaust service over the course of its lifetime.

10. It could impact the paint on your vehicle.
This disadvantage is based on where you decide to make your cut with the resonator delete, and if you decide to get rid of the muffler while you’re at it. When you run on a straight pipe, then the exhaust system produces a lot of debris and gunk that can foul your paint job. There are often issues with this stuff that can create a negative impact on the undercarriage of your vehicle.

These pros and cons of a resonator delete can help you decide if a modification to the sound profile of your vehicle is worthwhile. Some owners might see small efficiency gains, while others could experience losses. It all depends on the amount of back pressure your specific design creates for your user profile. If you’re looking for a cheap and easy mod that will allow your vehicle to meet your noise expectations, however, then there isn’t much to lose with this option.

If you own an older home, then there is a good chance that there isn’t any roof ventilation. The reason this does not create an issue is that these houses aren’t as air-tight as the modern structures are, which means they have adequate air movement despite the lack of any vents.

When you move to upgrade the energy efficiency of these older homes with better window insulation, weather-stripping, and similar features, then you create a ventilation problem for the home. You must have adequate roof ventilation available through a vent when you live in a high-efficiency home.

Without this feature on the roof, you will have condensation begin forming on your windows, especially during the winter months. Moisture can get into your roof too, which freezes into an ice dam as the weather changes.

These are the pros and cons or roof ridge vents that can help you manage these concerns while improving the overall value of the home.

List of the Pros of Roof Ridge Vents

1. They balance out the temperature of the home.
When you have a new home built, or you’re replacing a roof, then installing a ridge vent helps to balance out the transfer of hot and cold air. You’ll always find the upstairs and attic to be warmer in the summer months, no matter how strong your air condition systems are, because of how hot air rises. Because there are vents installed in the roof, the warmer air can escape the home naturally, which balances out the temperatures below.

Then in the evening, or during the winter months, the design of the vents allows the pressure of the cold air outside to prevent all the warmer inside air from escaping. That process allows you to save some on your utility bills each month.

2. The design of a roof ridge vent works with the look of your home.
Roof ridge vents offer a sleek design which is difficult to notice from ground level. The pitch of your structure remains unaffected by this design element. If you have enough intake, it is possible to install them along every ridge of your roof, which provides your home with a maximum level of ventilation.

That’s why some homes circulate the air better than others when using this product. If you don’t have enough of an intake area, then there isn’t enough space to draw in the air needed.

3. Rodents can’t get into your attic through roof ridge vents.
Squirrels, rats, raccoons, and other pests all love to try getting into your home whenever there is a point of access. If you use the older-style of roof vent to provide air circulation, then you must install traps or blockage points that prevent them from nesting in your attic’s insulation. This protection feature reduces the amount of air that moves, which defeats the purpose of the older designs in the first place.

The shape, size, and location of roof ridge vents make it impossible for rodents to access your house. You receive the ventilation necessary for the home without creating a higher risk of damage.

4. It allows air to move out of the attic naturally.
The wind which blows over your roof will help to draw the hot, moist air out of your attic when roof ridge vents are installed correctly. This happens because of the change in air pressure. The inside air moves through the ridge vest underneath the cap shingle to escape from the side and into the general atmosphere. You can then draw fresh air into the underside of the vent, which freshens the environment of the home.

5. Roof ridge vents can reduce indoor air pollution levels.
The average person spends about 90% of their time indoors each day. About two-thirds of that time happens at home. The only problem with this lifestyle is that the quality of your indoor air can be up to 5 times worse than the outside air. There are some homes where the indoor air quality is 100 times worse.

Indoor air pollution is ranked as one of the five most dangerous environmental factors we face today. By having roof ridge vents installed on your home, you can improve the quality of your indoor air. That means you can reduce the risk of several pollution-related symptoms, such as coughing, wheezing, and sinus infections.

6. They don’t need to be used with other systems.
Roof ridge vents do work well when there are soffit vents or box vents that help to draw air into the attic. You will also discover that this product can work by itself to release moisture from the house, which is especially useful during the winter months. That means you have a lower risk of mold or mildew development.

When you live in a high-moisture environment, such as the Pacific Northwest in the U.S. and Canada, then removing this issue from the air stops mold and mildew from forming inside the home too. If you have condensation on your windows, then your frame will develop mold growth over the winter. This product helps to reduce this issue.

7. Weather changes do not affect a correctly installed roof ridge vent.
This product is designed to work all year, every year, to provide adequate ventilation for your home. Because it blends in well with the roof, the weather changes which occur in your geographic location have less of an impact on it. You’ll be able to move air throughout the attic without the use of fans or turbines when enough space is given to this vent design.

List of the Cons of Roof Ridge Vents

1. Ridge vents do not always provide the proper ventilation in some homes.
The effect of ridge vents for the roof depends upon the energy-efficient nature of the structure. You must have air movement toward the vents to make it an effective solution. If the rest of the home does not receive circulation, then this option will not work as intended. Some older homes still need to have the older-style vents installed to give it the ventilation levels that are necessary.

If you don’t have baffles installed with the vent, then this option may create zero ventilation even when the flow of air is correct. You must prevent outside air from crossing over this product for it to work effectively. That’s why most installations place shingles over the roof.

2. There is a chance that they could leak water during heavy rains.
Some homes are in the path of storms where the wind strikes the roof in such a way that rain blows in right through the vents. If you find yourself in this situation, then you must inspect your attic for water damage frequently. The only way to prevent the issue is to take the vents out, replacing them with a product which offers a more water-tight experience for your roof. If you have insulation in your attic, then the dampness caused in this situation creates even more challenges to face as a homeowner.

3. The initial cost of roof ridge vents is usually higher.
Roof ridge vents provide a costly system of ventilation that may not be suitable for the checkbooks of some homeowners. This option might be the updated system which most newer homes use, but if you have an older home, then you might need the soffit vents too.

The soffit vents act like the air intake for the home. That means roof ridge vents are like the exhaust system. They allow the house to breathe correctly. Expect the installation of a ridge vent to run about $500 on average if you’re not touching the rest of the roof. Complete replacement may be over $1,000 on some roofing types.

4. It doesn’t work well in warmer climates.
Roof ridge vents (and other forms of roofing ventilation) work better when homes are in colder climates. The general rule of thumb is that the colder the climate, the more your attic benefits from the use of ventilation. This option can still reduce your hot air during the summer months in a warm climate, but there are cheaper and more effective ways to handle this solution.

If you do live in a colder environment, then make sure you have rigid insulation in place to prevent condensation from forming on your roof sheathing. This thermal barrier will work to prevent common forms of moisture damage from affecting the home.

5. You must install it at the peak of your roof.
If your home has a flat roof, then you will not benefit from the use of a roof ridge vent. This product works best on homes with a slanted pitch to the roof – but not too steep, of course. The shape of the roof impacts how much air comes through the system, which means this vent must always be placed at the peak of the roof along your ridges. You may opt to only have one ridge utilized for a vent if there are multiple options on your roof, but that can reduce the effectiveness of this system too.

These roof ridge vents pros and cons are essential to review when you’re thinking above a roofing upgrade. Some homes don’t need them, especially if you have soffit and gable vents. Others will benefit from this unique design structure without needing to worry about the composition of their roof. They are easy to install, maintain, or replace as the shingles protecting them wear out over time.

There’s no denying it: your bathtub has seen better days. Now you’re left with an important choice. Do you choose to buy a new tub to return your bathroom to its former glory? Or would it be cheaper and easier to reglaze your tub so that it can continue meeting your needs?

If you’re coping with a stressful day, then unwinding with a warm bath (and perhaps a glass of wine) can help you find a place of relaxation. When your bathtub looks dingy, dirty, or cracked, then spending some time in the tub might not seem like a great idea.

Replacing an older bathtub with a newer model is not always the easiest thing to do. Most tubs must be cut before they can fit through the door to your bathroom. Repairs of your trim, surrounds, flooring, or plumbing could be necessary before you fit the new bathtub in place. Even though the cost a new tub is below $300 today with several models, including labor and disposal costs pushes that cost well over $1,000.

That means you’re right in the price range of a bathtub reglazing project. Here are the pros and cons of choosing to reglaze your current tub over the installation of a new one.

List of the Pros of Reglazing a Bathtub

1. It looks like a brand-new bathtub when the work is finished.
A high-quality reglazing project looks just as good as a brand-new bathtub when the work is completed. No one can tell that your tub might be several decades old because the work involves a scrub of the entire surface of the unit. Any worn areas or cracks are filled in during the preparation process. Then several coats of primer are applied to the tub, paint as well, before being sealed and buff.

2. Almost every bathtub can be reglazed if in good repair.
Certain types of bathtubs benefit from the reglazing process more than others. Claw-foot tubs are the best, especially when they are antique models made from heavy-duty cast iron. Even acrylic bathtubs can be reglazed, however, if they aren’t suffering from any significant repair issues. Some of that work can even be done at home if you have the tools and the know-how to get the work done.

3. You’re not stuck with a full bathroom remodel.
If you reglaze the current bathtub, then the current structure of your bathroom remains the same. You’re not stuck working on tile projects along the backsplash or fitting issues with your plumbing like when you install a new tub. That’s why some homeowners opt for products like Bath Fitter when they aren’t well-suited for a reglazing project. It’s easier to work over the current setup when compared to installing something new.

4. It doesn’t take much time to complete the work.
Most bathtub reglazing projects require about one full day of work to complete. That includes the drying time of any surface repairs made and the different coats of primer and paint. You’re not stuck without a bathroom for an extended time while the different components of a new bathtub get installed. When you add the time savings to the cost savings which this option offers most homeowners, those with older bathtubs often choose to reglaze over replacement because of the advantages offered.

5. You can repurpose an older bathtub.
There are some surprisingly good bathtubs out there on the secondary market which only need some reglazing work to make them unique. If you want a tub which adds character and charm to your home (not to mention some potential added value), then you can repurpose an old tub through this work. There are some caveats here which must be addressed first, like knowing if the tub has been reglazed already.

Try to get a history of the bathtub if you can before purchasing one on the secondary market. A professional glazer should tell upon inspection if you can repair it in this way. Even with the cost of the repair, this option can be cheaper than purchasing a new tub if your old one must be removed.

6. The work can be done on your own.
Bathtub refinishing is a project you can do on your own. There are several instructional how-to guides available online that will take you through the necessary steps to complete the work correctly. If you have access to the materials and tools, then you can save even more money by doing the work on your own. Just make sure that you do the work in a well-ventilated area, wear a respirator rated for the fumes produced, and take your time when filling in the different chips, dings, and cracks that a tub collects over time.

7. Reglazing allows you to change the color of your bathtub.
This unique benefit allows you to update the look of your tub without replacing it outright. Once you’ve filled in the cosmetic damage and etched the tub to allow the new primer and paint to take hold, you can paint in whatever color you want. That’s a definite advantage if you’ve purchased a home which has a unique color of tub. There was a time when modern design called for tubs that were colored yellow, avocado green, and even pink. This small investment can help you update the look to something that is more of your taste while potentially improving the value of the home.

8. It is an eco-friendly option, even with the chemicals involved.
Replacing a bathtub creates a lot of waste when you dispose of the old one. There are the packaging and support materials you must either recycle or get rid of too. That means a choice for reglazing is one that keeps up to 2,000 pounds of trash out of local landfills. Since there’s no need to replace a tub that is structurally sound, this one small investment and give you years of dividends to enjoy every time you want to take a relaxing bath.

9. Reglazing a bathtub will give the other features in the room new life.
When your bathtub looks dull, stained, or remains in disrepair, then that look translates to every other element in the room. The reglazing process gives the tub a shiny finish in the color you prefer, breathing new life into everything else you see in the room. That allows you to achieve a simple remodeling project in the room for a small cost if you wish, creating the updated look you want. Even the repair work on the tub, if that’s the only work you do, will offer a fresh perspective to the environment.

10. It provides you with an extra layer of protection for an older tub.
Did you know that the bathtubs manufactured before 1984 could contain unsafe levels of lead in them? Although lead-based paint is the primary exposure point for young children and high toxicity levels, the next common culprit is the bathtub. When the glaze on the tub wears down from use and age, the lead in it leaches into the bath water. Since kids like to drink that water, or put their wet hands into their mouth, the risk of exposure is high.

There is no safe level of lead exposure for a child. Small levels can cause a lifetime of health damage. When you choose to reglaze an older cast iron or steel tub, you’re giving your family a fresh layer of protection against this health issue. If you have young children and an old tub, then test it before bathing them.

11. You can still refinish a bathtub which has been reglazed already.
The etching process for a tub helps the new primer and paint settle nicely on the surface of your cast iron, steel, or acrylic tub. Although you can’t really etch a tub a second time without risking the integrity of the product, you do have the option to refinish it once the lifespan of the reglazing work reaches its end. The underlying coat is not the best surface to adhere another coat to the tub, which is why each additional refinishing effort has a shorter lifespan than the previous one.

12. There are DIY kits available at some retailers.
You can find DIY reglazing kits available from some retailers for as little as $30. You may require up to four of them to complete the work needed on your tub, depending on the amount of work that is required. This product makes it easier for the average person to try a repair on their own if their budget is tight.

If you do attempt a DIY repair of your tub that needs reglazing, do not forget about the ventilation requirements. You must bring fresh air into the bathroom environment and wear the correct personal protective equipment to do the job safely.

13. It offers you a cleaner living space in and around the bathtub.
You can scrub all you want on a bathtub’s surface to get it clean. Eventually the mold, mildew, and water stains will get down into the finish of your tub. Those issues can cause sensitivities or allergies to some people over time because of their constant exposure. If you reglaze your tub, you’ll get a clean look which removes those issues for everyone in your family. The surface restoration process can even promote better indoor air quality throughout the entire home, including the elimination of fungi attempting to grow in your grout.

List of the Cons of Reglazing a Bathtub

1. It won’t work if you already own a cheaper tub.
Bathtub reglazing works best when you own a high-quality tub which offers plenty of character for your bathroom. It doesn’t offer a benefit if your tub is already one of the newer $300 models that were installed less than a decade ago. If you’re thinking about a tub upgrade from an entry-level acrylic product, then something like a Bath Fitter project or an upgrade to a higher-quality tub is a better solution.

2. The bathtub must still be in good repair.
When your bathtub reaches a state of severe disrepair, then it may not be a good candidate for the reglazing process. Reglazing offers cosmetic repairs only, sort of like how nail polish covers up imperfections you can see on your fingernails. Once the tub receives a touch-up, it doesn’t take long for it to require additional work to maintain the look you want. It will cover minor stains, surface imperfections, and light scratches.

This issue applies to tubs which have been reglazed once already too. If the secondary finish is still in good condition, you might be able to update the look of the tub for up to 10 years. If it were damaged in some way, the only way to repair the issue without a complete replacement would be to install a liner.

3. It requires someone with glazing skills to complete the work.
There are several quality issues which come up when trying to reglaze a bathtub. Without knowledge of this process, you may find the quality of your tub declines when incorrect work is done on it. Cratering, cracking, bubbling, and crazing are all common problems which occur during the glazing process. Delamination and flattening happen frequently too. If you try to do this work on your own, you may find that the failed coating costs more to repair than the cost of hiring someone to do it for you in the first place.

The added benefit of hiring a professional contractor is that if they are licensed, insured, and bonded, then you receive a guaranteed result.

4. You need to leave your home for 24-48 hours for the project.
The chemicals and substances used to reglaze a bathtub are a little dangerous. The tub is etched and glazed, forcing everyone in the home to leave for a couple of days so it can ventilate adequately. Even with a robust bathroom exhaust fan available, you cannot stay in a home if you opt for bathtub reglazing. The costs of staying away from home for that time sometimes offset the cost benefits of a replacement. That’s why all costs must come under evaluation before making a final decision on this work option.

5. Reglazing a bathtub can only happen once.
There are some issues which can be repaired after a poor reglazing job occurs. If you get stuck with work that begins to peel immediately, then you must proceed to other options. That’s why hiring a professional reglazer is to your advantage. If they make a mistake with your tub, then they’re on the hook to provide you with something new.

Before hiring anyone to work on your tub, look for customer reviews of their finished work first. Talk to family and friends about their recommendations. See if there are examples of their work to view before hiring them. This due diligence will protect you against incomplete or inadequate work when trying to fix your tub.

6. The weather can play a significant role in the finished product.
Although most tub reglazing projects are finished in a day (with another day or two for home ventilation), some homeowners may discover that it takes more than a week to finish the job. Humidity plays a significant role in how well each coat of primer and paint dries. It will impact how well it bonds to the surface of the bathtub too. That’s why most reglazing projects don’t occur during the summer months. When the weather is cooler, and there is less humidity in the air, the chances for success go way up.

7. Reglazing won’t last as long as a brand-new tub does.
If you decide to reglaze your tub instead of purchasing a new one, then you’re only prolonging the inevitable. A good glazing job can last up to 15 years, and sometimes longer, depending on how often you use your bathroom. New bathtubs last for much longer than this, often with warranties or guarantees of service, installation, and product quality. If you’re not staying in the home for long, then an investment into reglazing makes sense. For those who are going to be there for a while, a new bathtub might be the better way to go.

Wear and tear on a reglazed tub are similar to what you’ll see with a bathtub nearing its end-of-life stage. Chipping, cracking, and color wear are the most common issues seen.

8. DIY reglazing is incredibly dangerous.
According to information published by the CDC, at least 14 people have been killed because of their exposure to stripping agents commonly used with bathtub refinishing work. These products contain methylene chloride in high percentages, which presents itself as a sweet-smelling odor during exposure. You can breathe it in or be exposed through skin absorption. You cannot smell it in the air until you reach a level that is higher than the permissible exposure level.

Even with minor overexposure incidents, these chemicals cause fatigue, dizziness, headaches, nausea, and throat irritation. Some people say it makes them feel like they’re intoxicated. Bathroom fans and windows do not provide enough ventilation. That’s why a professional contractor is often recommended for this work.

These pros and cons of reglazing a bathtub offer a different option for a bathroom remodeling project. Your antique tub might look old and worn out now, but with this service option, it can look like a brand-new item again for a fair price and a minimal time investment. Take the time to manage the disadvantages associated with this service to produce the best possible results if your bathtub qualifies for this work.

There are several different types of rotors available for vehicles today: blanks, drilled, slotted, or drilled and slotted.

Rotors, which are sometimes called discs, provide a point of contact for your brake pads when you engage the pedal to stop while driving. The pressure from the pedal activates the caliper housing for each set of pads, compressing them into the rotor to create friction. That set of processes reduces the forward momentum of the vehicle, which allows you to come to a complete stop whenever necessary.

The design of drilled and slotted rotors offer drivers the advantages of both designs with minimal side effects. The drilled holes give you better cooling for the heat generated by heavy braking, while the slots work to sweep away gas and dust which come through braking. That also means the disadvantages of both drilled and slotted rotors apply to this product.

If you’re thinking about a disc replacement today, then here are the pros and cons of drilled and slotted rotors to think about.

List of the Pros of Drilled and Slotted Rotors

1. They work better in wet climates when frequent precipitation occurs.
When the weather turns wet, does the braking profile of your vehicle change? If it does, then there’s a good chance that you’re using blanks or slotted rotors on your vehicle. Drilling holes in the rotor give the pads a better bite when you engage the braking system. More friction develops when the system engages because the holes offer moisture a place for escape. Even when water is present, the components of your system stay drier, which means your performance is enhanced.

2. They provide support for heavy-duty vehicles.
The slots on rotors provide extra support for all heavy-duty vehicles, including off-road, competition, and trucks. When choosing rotors with slots, the quality of the machining becomes the most crucial attribute for success. The inner and outer edges must be crafted with an excellent skill to prevent them from cracking sooner than they should. That means you can choose almost any drilled and slotted rotor design for any vehicle you own if you trust the manufacturing process of your preferred brand.

3. They can stop brake pads from glazing.
Brake pads can glaze when there is a continuous application of braking, like when you’re going down a mountain descent. The constant application of friction between the pad and rotor causes surface glazing. Light application of braking functions most of the time can cause some pads to polish themselves too. Reducing braking performance occurs during this situation, including the squealing associated with excessive pad wear.

The drilled and slotted rotor design helps some pads disengage from the glazing process. When constant friction is present within the driving environment, the pad fuses part of itself to the disc, causing the lack of performance, The slots on a rotor break up the contact points of the pad, providing vital momentary pauses in contact that stop the process from occurring.

4. They offer daily driving support.
When you’re behind the wheel every day to commute back-and-forth to work, you want two things from your braking system: a solid bite and consistent friction. That promotes robust stopping power when you need it during an uncertain situation. Drilled and slotted rotors offer drivers the consistent performance they want without changing the responsiveness of the brake pedal. This process gives you the confidence needed as a driver that you can handle whatever situation might come your way.

List of the Cons of Drilled and Slotted Rotors

1. They sometimes experience premature wear.
There are several advantages to consider with drilled and slotted rotors, but it comes with the same disadvantages for each style too. That means your rotors will sometimes wear unevenly when using your brakes if the same area of the rotor receives contacts. High-performance vehicles see this issue most often, with cracks sometimes developing due to the heat and extreme environment they encounter. If you use a vehicle for frequent stops at highway speeds, you may encounter this issue too.

2. They tend to wear in grooved cycles.
Drilled and slotted rotors tend to wear down in concentric cycles, which means you can receive vibration in the steering wheel over time when the rotors age or the hole patterns are not staggered correctly. This issue may cause some vehicle owners to swap out their rotors more often because of the aesthetic concerns they cause. If you’re sensitive to this issue, then a rotor designed more for your specific environment will meet the demands of how you drive each day.

3. They have a shorter lifespan.
Slotted rotors already have a shorter lifespan compared to other options for your vehicles. They also cause some brake pads to experience higher levels of wear-and-tear too. If you drive regularly and go through a period of heavy braking, you may discover that the drilled and slotted rotors require replacement about the same time as your brake pads. Depending on the quality of the rotors used, that means you could be replacing these items as soon as every 25,000 miles – and even more often for frequent city drivers.

If you’re looking for extended life with your brake rotors, then your best option will always be the blank design. It offers more metal for contact, providing a consistent surface of impact to create friction for your stopping power.

4. They sometimes create extra noise when stopping.
All brakes create a squealing sound when the pads wear down because you have metal-on-metal contact. The issue with drilled and slotted rotors involves the rumbling that you hear because of the slot engagement with the pads as you stop. This issue doesn’t impact the safety of your braking system. Some drivers find the extra noise to be more than a little unpleasant. Heavy vehicles can create an excessive sound level which isn’t dampened when the windows are rolled up.

5. They don’t offer a cooling effect for all vehicles.
Drilling does help a rotor cool down some for all vehicles because there is less metal involved with the contact points from the pads. That can be beneficial for some vehicles, but it does create a negligible effect in others. The opposite effect impacts the rotors too. Because there is less metal involved with the design, the disc heats up faster than a solid rotor would. That’s why you don’t use this design in high-performance settings. Too much heat causes warping or cracking, which requires you to complete an immediate repair.

6. They cannot be resurfaced.
If something happens to your drilled and slotted rotors for some reason, then a full replacement is necessary. You cannot resurface the rotor to restore its functionality as you can with some solid-type discs. Although the cost difference of resurfacing is somewhat minor compared to the cost of a full replacement, those who prefer a DIY approach to swapping out the brakes will discover that this disadvantage might cost them a couple hundred dollars, if not more, to complete the necessary work.

These drilled and slotted rotors pros and cons look at the details of using this design with your current driving habits. Most street vehicles benefit from this design, especially in wet environments, because of the consistency offered. There are exceptions to this based on how you use your car, however, so review each point carefully to ensure this investment makes sense for your current needs.

If you prefer furniture made from real wood resources instead of engineered wood, then several materials are available in today’s market. One of the most unique options is rubberwood. This material comes directly from the trees which produce latex, essential in the formation of natural rubber products.

These rubber trees, sometimes called “parawood,” offer a hardwood-like finish for your solid wood furniture needs. Most rubberwood furniture comes from materials sourced from Brazil or Asia, as these are the primary centers of latex products. When the tree reaches about 30 years of age, it no longer produces the materials for rubber, so the wood is harvested to create additional products.

Rubberwood is solid, used for veneer, and can be used for engineered products such as fiberboard or particleboard. If you’re interested in using this product for your solid wood furniture, then here are the pros and cons of using rubberwood as your primary source of materials.

List of the Pros of Rubberwood Furniture

1. Rubberwood is very easy to work with when building furniture.
The wood from the rubber tree is extremely easy to work with when making furniture. It is well-suited for builders who prefer to work by hand, while those using power tools see benefits with this material too. Most of the lumber receives a stain or finish to produce consistent results, making it an ideal source for various interior needs. It even accepts paint well.

2. The materials are stable to use.
Rubberwood offers durability which is similar to hardwoods from a furniture-building perspective. It provides a stable profile for all uses once the materials are seasoned correctly, allowing you to create chairs, tables, and other items that can one day become heirloom pieces. It holds a ranking of 988 on the Janka wood hardness scale, which puts in the middle of the pack for lumber resources. It’s harder than American Cherry, but a little softer than teak. That means you’ll receive between 15 to 25 years of good wear with the furniture before you begin seeing usage issues with it.

3. Caring for rubberwood is a straightforward process.
You use the same processes to clean rubberwood furniture as you would with any other solid wood item. You should wash it in a simple soap and water solution at least once per year, then dry it carefully using a clean cloth. Avoid standing water on your furniture at all times as this will destroy the finish applied to it. The dull patina of the rubberwood brightens with furniture or past wax when applied. Just remember to strip the waxes occasionally as they yellow over time and collect household debris.

When you care for rubberwood products carefully, they should last for at least 20 years – if not more.

4. Rubberwood is a sustainable product when used correctly.
The use of rubberwood for furniture is a sustainable industry when the trees are planted and harvested appropriately. Each plantation plants trees for rubber collection, then the timber harvest occurs once the tree reaches the end of its production cycle. As the wood collection happens, new rubber trees replace the older ones, creating a pattern of production for the plantation owner.

There is the added benefit of stopping the trees from rotting, which would release more carbon into the atmosphere than the activities of harvesting produce.

5. The grain of rubberwood is simplified.
You’ll find that rubberwood furniture offers fewer grain marks compared to other hardwoods within a similar rating. There are random brown streaks through each board unlike consistent grain patterns found in other pieces. This look is due to the heating process required to give the lumber its strength. When rubberwood is in the kiln, the drying process shrinks the wood as it seasons it, creating a look which is closer to teak than it is to something like maple.

6. There are cost advantages to consider with rubberwood.
Rubberwood is one of the cheapest solid wood furniture options you’ll find on the market today. Although the wood isn’t resistant to disease or mold, it does still look a bit like oak. If you shop for “golden oak” furniture, some of those items are likely rubberwood. You’ll find 5-piece dining sets made with this wood through retailers like Wayfair for less than $450 when other hardwood options might cost three times that amount. Even when accounting for import costs if you bring in the wood yourself, there are few lumber options with this hardness that are available at this price.

7. Rubberwood is naturally stain-resistant.
Although there can sometimes be issues with damage or aesthetic consistency when using rubberwood, the product is naturally stain-resistant. Compared to other hardwoods in a bare state, it offers greater resilience for the busy home. The product is also uniquely soft to the touch, which creates a comfortable feeling when using the product. These features make it the perfect timber option for furniture that is used in living areas, playrooms, and bedrooms.

8. It resists fire and burns naturally.
The wood from the rubber tree is naturally resistant to burning, even if marks are left on the surface if something hot touches it. Discoloration occurs because the wood seeks to protect itself long after it goes through the seasoning process. If you or someone in your family smokes, you’ll notice less overall burn damage from the activity when compared to other solid wood furniture items. The wood is also non-toxic, so you don’t need to worry about fumes from the furniture if there is a fire.

9. Rubberwood furniture offers an excellent shock absorption feature.
Rubberwood is often used in gymnasiums and similar structures because it absorbs shocks better than other wood products. Impacts are reduced when using this lumber, offering cushioning and comfort even when the raw wood is turned into furniture. This advantage may provide support for seniors and those with physical vulnerabilities because its support decreases stress when used. That may promote better movement over time for individuals, leading to a higher quality of life.

List of the Cons of Rubberwood Furniture

1. The structure of rubberwood changes when it dries.
If you cut lumber from rubberwood trees to create furniture, you’ll find that the seasoning process is not friendly to this wood. As the material dries, it tends to twist and warp because of the high moisture content it contains. You can only use seasoned wood for building thanks to this issue, which increases the consumer cost of the product over time. Most rubberwood requires at least six months to dry correctly, with older trees sometimes needing a year or more before the wood is useful for making furniture.

2. It damages easily compared to other types of wood.
Although rubberwood is relatively strong on the Janka wood hardness scale, furniture products made with this lumber are highly susceptible to damage. You cannot leave the furniture in a location where temperatures are excessively hot or dry. Placing an item next to a heat register, or even a space heater, is a recipe for disaster. Direct sunlight will discolor the surface of the wood over time. If you place a hot pan, pot, or cup on the surface of rubberwood, it will often develop white rings.

You must also quickly remove water or alcohol spills from this furniture to prevent its finish from being damaged.

3. Dents occur on rubberwood furniture frequently.
The hardness of rubberwood is moderate, so any impacts create the potential for dents, even in solid wood furniture. Surface dents happen all the time. If only the finish suffers harm from an event, adding more finish can often repair the issue. Make sure that you test your finish before applying it.

If the wood suffers dent damage, you can usually repair them with some heat and steam. Take a hot iron and a towel, covering the dent with the items. Hold it there for about a minute. The rubberwood swells in that environment, allowing the dent to disappear.

4. You might not be able to use it with a latex allergy.
If you are allergic to natural latex products, then there is a good chance that you won’t be able to use rubberwood furniture. Although this issue doesn’t impact everyone, reactions may appear on your skin after using the furniture. People with severe reactions to latex should avoid using rubberwood furniture at all times, even when the product is sealed, to reduce their risks of an anaphylaxis reaction to the wood product.

5. Rubberwood is chemically treated to prevent impurities.
The rubberwood tree grows best in humid tropical locations. These regions often struggle with insect infestations and fungal growth. The wood products taken from the harvested trees go through a chemical treatment process to kill off potential hazards before going through the kiln for seasoning.

The kiln usually diffuses the chemicals without exposing the wood to further harm. If you prefer to use natural wood furniture which doesn’t use harsh chemicals during the processing or preparation steps, then you’ll want to find a hardwood other than rubberwood to use.

6. Most rubberwood plantations don’t use eco-friendly practices.
Many of the rubber tree plantations which produce wood for furniture making create adverse environmental impacts instead of positive ones. Because two industries are supported by the estate (timber and latex), owners expand their footprint to grow more trees. When this occurs in Brazil, virgin rainforests are eliminated in favor of the rubber trees, reducing the biodiversity in the region.

There are irrigation, water use, and chemical introduction issues to consider with rubber plantation expansion too, which can sometimes increase problems with localized erosion.

7. You must import raw rubberwood to construct your own furniture.
Rubberwood furniture is available through most fine retailers. You can order it directly from Pottery Barn, Overstock, and Amazon if you wish. When you want to make your own furniture, however, most people will need to import the product. That could mean an import license would be necessary to bring the lumber in for use. Working with an importer specializing in wood products is required at the very least. Those added difficulties reduce the cost savings achieved with this product, which is why you don’t find it available in markets like Europe or North America very often.

8. Rubberwood does become slippery when wet.
Even though rubberwood is kiln-seasoned before it is turned into furniture (and other products), that doesn’t change the porous nature of the product. It shrinks the pores to create a dense grain that absorbs some water while creating a surface which encourages hydroplaning. When rubberwood furniture becomes wet, it also gets slick. That can make some products, like chairs, dangerous to use for some consumers. You’ll also find that continued water exposure, or storage in a high humidity environment, may cause the product to swell, disrupting the structure of the wood to the point it can no longer be used.

9. You cannot use chemical cleaners with rubberwood furniture.
Rubberwood can resist some stains, but it offers a fragile outlook when exposed to chemicals after the seasoning process. Standard household detergents and abrasive cleaning products leave stains behind with parawood. It may even cause permanent damage in some circumstances. Your best option is to clean the wood with soap and warm water, then quickly drying the moisture away. Grease or polishing oils sometimes work, but it must be wiped up immediately to prevent negative aesthetics from forming.

10. It doesn’t work well on its own for large case goods.
You will find that most of your rubberwood furniture options involve smaller items. Large case goods are rarely supportive enough because of the lightweight nature of this wood unless it is pressure treated or formed into some type of particle board. Tables, chests, and dressers which are made from rubberwood could be a combination of materials instead. You can find whole items, including cabinetry, made from this product, but it is typically smaller items which are promoted with this lumber product.

11. It is still more expensive than other types of wood.
If you want solid wood furniture, then rubberwood does offer a cost-effective option to consider. You’ll find, however, that it isn’t the cheapest wood product on the market today. Purchasing locally-grown oak or pine will usually be more affordable, especially for DIY furniture makers, because there are no import or tariff costs associated with the product. You may discover that some hardwoods are even cheaper in some geographic locations, including maple and walnut. Before selecting rubberwood, price out each option to ensure you’re receiving the best possible deal.

These rubberwood furniture pros and cons offer some definitive advantages when you want a distinctive look for your home. Shop for timber that is grown sustainably for best results to limit the impact of your purchase on the environment. Even with eco-friendly furniture options, you’ll discover that chemical applications still apply to keep the wood safe and follow import/export rules, so if you have concerns in this area or have a latex allergy, different solid wood furniture options are better suited for your needs.

A clogged sewer line is an emergency situation. The worst thing you can do is try to put off this repair. Any blockage or break will cause drains to back up, foundations to flood, and sewer contamination of a home in the worst-case scenario. A trenchless sewer repair allows you to repair or replace lines which require maintenance quickly.

Traditional pipes age through cracking and blockages, which causes them to disintegrate over time. Tree roots create impacts on the system which cause a need for repairs too. Modern trenchless sewer repair changes the dynamic for a fix because you no longer dig a trench along the pipe to access the damaged area. Now only a couple of small holes need to be run to complete the task, with micro-video allowing for remote work to create the necessary repairs.

There are several advantages to consider with trenchless sewer repair, but a few disadvantages sometimes creep up too. That’s why a complete look at these trenchless sewer repair pros and cons is necessary before considering this technique.

List of the Pros of Trenchless Sewer Repair

1. It saves time when compared to the traditional access methods.
Technicians using the trench technique would spend several hours digging out around the damaged sewer line. Then several more hours to fill the trench back in were required before the repair was complete. That doesn’t include the time necessary to complete the fix in the first place. Not only does the trenchless sewer repair technique take much less time, but it also requires fewer workers to be involved with the project. Companies providing this service get a lot more done with less labor, boosting their profit margins.

2. It reduces consumer inconvenience during the repair process.
When a sewer line is compromised for homeowners, they no longer can use their home’s water system until technicians complete the repair. That means the occupants of the property must either haul all their water supplies in manually, then remove them the same way, or relocate to a different property until the project is finished. Before trenchless sewer repair, that could mean 7-14 days away from home. Now many repairs happen in 24-48 hours because there is such a substantial reduction in prep time.

3. It saves the landscaping of the homeowner.
Sewer line repairs require underground access, which means the landscaping along the pipe must be removed for the work to be done. That could cost homeowners thousands of dollars, depending on what was in the way of the repair technicians. Although a couple of holes must still be dug to access the line when performing trenchless sewer repair, there is much less damage to repair to the lawn, landscaping, or garden after the work is complete. The customer’s property gets back to normal faster and with fewer disruptions.

4. It saves money for the consumer.
The trenchless sewer repair option becomes less expensive than a traditional repair because there are no structural modifications required to complete the task. No digging equipment must be brought in to complete the repair work. Only two small holes are dug, which means the clean-up costs are much lower with this technique compared to other methods. Customers save money because there is less manual labor involved, the sewer line repair goes back in service faster, and even the technicians work less on the project.

Traditional trenching jobs could cost more than $20,000 to finish, depending on the amount of construction involved with the project. Homeowners save at least 30% on the final cost, with some saving upward of 50%, depending on their situation.

5. It reduces damage to the environment and urban infrastructure.
When you’re repairing either the upper or lower connections to the main sewer line, there is a good chance that the structure runs underneath your driveway, yard, or even your street. Because of the trenchless repair technique, technicians can access areas of the sewer line pipes without causing as much damage to the environment or the infrastructure as before. That means there are fewer street repair issues or ecological concerns because the repairs happen through the two access points instead.

6. It produces a higher-quality repair.
Trenchless sewer repair uses a cure-in-place liner to provide access to the main sewer line once again. When a full replacement is necessary for some reason, then polyethylene piping is used for the connection. Both options offer a better material to use than the older sewer pipes that were installed in most cities. The new products provide lines which are free of joints, reducing the impact of tree root invasions. There are fewer cracks and off-set pipes when compared to older work too.

When you live in a wet climate, like those in the Pacific Northwest, the trenchless sewer repair materials offer more resistance to corrosion than traditional systems.

7. It offers a system which functions better over a longer time.
Trenchless pipe repairs or replacements use seamless technology that can improve the function of the property’s connection to the main sewer line. These products last longer than traditional systems, with most requiring fewer future repairs, which reduces the long-term cost profile for the average homeowner too. The pipe liners used with these systems are even known to improve flow capacity, increase the size of the system, or add additional capacity to smaller homes.

Most trenchless systems come with a 50-year guarantee, even when used for a septic system instead of as a connection to a sewer line. The traditional methods are often guaranteed for 30 years or less.

8. It uses the current infrastructure to create a better system.
The system installation is a straightforward process with a trenchless sewer repair. A cable gets pulled through the pipe first. Then it connects to a bursting head. You attach the head to the new pipe, which splits the existing pipe, pushing it out of the way when the new pipe is pulled through. The new one is the same inside diameter as the old one, though some installations can increase the diameter of the pipe involved. Little damage occurs to the new pipe, often just scratches, and the work can often be completed in a day.

List of the Cons of Trenchless Sewer Repair

1. It may not be covered by homeowners’ insurance.
The property damage caused by a broken or clogged sewer line is not usually covered by the standard homeowners’ policy. Repairs required because of tree root penetration are not usually covered either. If you haven’t needed to worry about a sewer line repair yet, then check your policy to see if special insurance requirements, or a rider to your policy, is required for this cost to be covered. Nothing is worse than having an expensive repair to fund straight from your own pocket.

2. It may require work on clogs outside of the property line.
The typical urban sewage system connects the house to the public sewer main through the use of two pipes: the upper lateral and the lower lateral. The lower portion of this connection often falls outside of the property line. Should a clog occur there, many communities require the property owner to maintain and repair the connection. The city would only work on the public sewer main when issues occur there.

You must review all the paperwork included with your mortgage and housing contract with the city to understand who is responsible for what repairs outside of the property line, but still benefits your home. The cost of repairing a lower lateral issue can be upward of $50,000 using traditional repair methods.

3. It can sometimes be more expensive to use a trenchless repair technique.
The trenchless sewer repair technique does not work well when you have a lateral pipe that doesn’t sit below your driveway or expensive landscaping. You might find that older pipes with joints, or a collapsed pipe, could cause the costs of this repair option to be much higher than the traditional service. There is only one way to determine which option is best for your specific situation: through a professional evaluation of your problem.

4. It requires a provider with significant expertise.
This repair option for your sewer line requires skilled professionals using the proper equipment for the work required. You’re not going to solve this issue with a DIY approach. You must have the branch lines located for your drainage system, then have them exposed and reconnected as part of the process. There are times when a line must be cut, then relocated, to complete some issues. Different soils and pipes carry unique risks which technicians will identify when they come to evaluate your issue.

5. It is not a miracle solution.
There are several problems which a trenchless sewer repair technique handles well, but it cannot solve every potential problem that some homeowners face. There are times when the older sewer pipes were not installed at the proper pitch. The only way to correct that issue is through trenching. Obstructions sometimes must be removed before work is completed. If your pipe burst, there could be damage to other utilities which requires trenching too. Although this technique solves a lot of issues, there are some that still require the traditional method.

There are issues with this type of installation if water pools in a low spot in the line, especially with an upper lateral pipe with an incomplete pitch. Issues with sag, belly, and deflection pose significant concerns. Sand tends to be more forgiving than shale, but it all depends on local conditions.

6. It requires special permits and property or building codes.
Even though technicians dig just a couple of holes on your property to complete a trenchless sewer repair, there are still construction permits required before the work can start. Your local building codes still apply to the work as well. That means any work under the street or sidewalk requires a municipal inspection before the job is considered complete. Some municipalities do not approve of trenchless systems because they don’t fix community-specific problems which occur. Before agreeing to any project, even from a local contractor, make sure that the building codes for your property allow for this option.

These trenchless sewer repairs pros and cons can help homeowners save a bundle on this unexpected repair. Check your homeowners’ insurance today to see if this issue is covered by your policy. Update it as necessary to protect your finances. If you’re concerned about flooding in your home, then consider a separate flood insurance policy too if needed. With those supports in place, you’ll be able to choose a repair option which isn’t as disruptive to your lifestyle, and you can maintain the savings you’ve built up over time too.